High Fliers Showing their Stuff.
High Fliers Showing their Stuff.
1. In 1868, Medical School at Howard University opened with eight (8) students.
2. In 1901, Fiery pioneer black journalist William Monroe Trotter starts theGuardian newspaper in Boston. Trotter made headlines throughout the nation when in November 1914, he confronted President Woodrow Wilson in the White House for failing to do more to stop the lynching of blacks.
1. In 1892, More Awful Lychings, One hundred and sixty one Blacks reported lynched.
2. In 1898, The Riot of 1898, in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington’s most respected and influential citizens, destroyed the state’s only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirm nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes…
3. In 1932, Spingarn Medal awarded to Robert R. Moton, president of Tuskegee Institute, for his “thoughtful leadership in conservative opinion and action.”
4. In 1938, Crystal Bird Fauset becomes the 1st black woman elected to a state legislature in the U.S. acquiring this distinction by being named to the Pennsylvania House of Represenatives.
5. In 1960, Otis M. Smith elected auditor general of Michigan and became the first Black chosen in a statewide election since the Reconstruction period.
6. In 1966, Edward W. Brooke elected first Black US Senator in 85 years. (Since Reconstruction)
7. In 1966, John H. Johnson, publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, awarded Spingarn Medal “for his productive imagination…in the perilous field of publishing” and “for his contributions to the enhancement of the Negro’s self-image through his publications.”
8. In 1966, John Perry Jr. & H. F. Hunger Received Patent for Biochem fuel cell
1. Alexa Canady, the first Woman and first African American to become a Neurosurgeon in America. From Lansing Michigan, Alexa Irene Canady is the daughter of Elizabeth Hortense (Golden) Canady and Clinton Canady Jr. Her father was a graduate of the School of Dentistry of Meharry Medical College, practicing in Lansing. Her mother was a graduate of Fiasco University was active for years in civic affairs of Lansing. She also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
1. Absalom Jones, was an abolitionist and clergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, in 1804 he was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States. He is listed on the Episcopal calendar of saints and blessed under the date of his decease, February 13, in the 1979 Book of Common Prayer as “Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818”.
2. Derrick Albert Bell, Jr., was the first tenured African-American professor of Law at Harvard University, and largely credited as the originator of Critical Race Theory. He was the former dean of the University of Oregon School of Law.
1 in 1863, Confederate congress passed resolution which branded Black troops and their officers criminals. Resolution, in effect, doomed captured Black soldiers to death or slavery.
2. In 1865, Memorial Day first celebrated. Memorial day was started by former slaves in Charleston, SC to honor 257 dead Union Soldiers who had been buried in a mass grave in a Confederate prison camp.
They Dug up the bodies and working for 2 weeks to give them a proper burial and gratitude for fighting for their freedom. They then held a parade of 10,000 people led by 2,800 Black children where they marched, sang. and celebrated. “It’s a Black Holiday”
3. In 1867, Howard University is founded in Washington, D.C. It was started for Mulatto children of white politicians and slave owners .
4. In 1883, J. Cooper received Patent for Shutter and Fastening
5. In 1894, W. B. Purvis Received Patent for Electric railway (variation)
6. In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, wins Pulitzer Prize for her volume of poetry “Annie Allen”
7. In 1975 Paul Laurence Dunbar commemorative stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service.
1. In 1794, 217 Years ago Today, Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, based on a slave’s designs.
2. In 1861, 150 Years ago Today, Jefferson Davis signed bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers in the Confederate army.
3. In 1862, 149 Years ago Today, Congress forbade Union officers and soldiers to aid in the capture and return of fugitive slaves, ending what one historian called the “military slave hunt.”
4. In 1869, 142 Years ago Today, Arkansas legislature passed anti-Klan law
5. In 1932, 79 Years ago Today, The Atlanta Daily World became the first Black Daily Newspaper in the 20th century founded by William A. Scott II. http://atlantadailyworld.com/
6. In 1946, 65 Years ago Today, Col. Benjamin. O. Davis Jr., assumed command of Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio.
7. In 1957, 54 Years ago Today, John Lee, first black commissioned officer in the U.S. Navy is assigned to duty. Dec 1944-Jan 1945 The U.S. Army integrated black volunteers with white troops to fight during the “Battle of the Bulge,”
8. In 1961, 50 Years ago Today, Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johannson to retain championship.
9. In 1961, 50 Years ago Today, The Vibrations make their chart debut with “The Watusi.”
10. In 1979, 32 Years ago Today, Marucie Bishop wins Grenadian government, In the island Republic of Grenada, the New Jewel Movement, headed by U.S. educated Maurice Bishop, ousted the government of Prime Minister Gairy.
1. Jasmine Guy, actress, singer and dancer. She is best known for her starring role as Whitley Gilbert in the television series A Different World. 49 Years ago
2. Neneh Cherry, Pop singer, forged her own groundbreaking blend of pop, dance, and hip-hop which presaged the emergence of both alternative rap and trip-hop. 47 Years ago
3. Timberland (Timothy Zachery Mosley), Grammy Award-winning record producer, singer and rapper. 40 Years ago
1. Robert Weaver,served as the first United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (also known as HUD) from 1966 to 1968. He was the first African American to hold a cabinet-level position in the United States. As a young man, Weaver had been one of 45 prominent African Americans appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to his Black Cabinet, where he acted as an informal adviser as well as directing federal programs during the New Deal.
2. Tom Bradley, was a five-term mayor of Los Angeles, California, serving in that office from 1973 to 1993. He was the first and to date only African American mayor of Los Angeles. His 20 years in office mark the longest tenure by any mayor in the city’s history. His 1973 election made him only the second African American mayor of a major U.S. city.
Bradley unsuccessfully ran for Governor of California in 1982 and 1986 and was defeated each time by the Republican George Deukmejian. The racial dynamics that appeared to underlie his narrow and unexpected loss in 1982 gave rise to the political term “the Bradley effect.”
By 1952, Murphy was in Chicago, where he began his long association with Memphis Slim by playing on his dates for United Records and Vee-Jay Records, including the album, At The Gate of Horn (1959).
Murphy did not have a band of his own until 1982, but played with many famous bands. Among them (more or less chronologically): Howlin’ Wolf, Little Junior Parker, Ike Turner, Memphis Slim, James Cotton, Otis Rush, Etta James, Sonny Boy Williamson II, Chuck Berry, Joe Louis Walker andThe Blues Brothers.
He played with some of these bands for many years (for example, 20 years in a row with Memphis Slim), while others were just sessions during his work at Chess Records.
4. Devon White, nicknamed “Devo”, is a former Major League Baseball center fielder, best known for his defensive ability at that position. He is currently an outfield coordinator for the Washington Nationals. His daughter, Davellyn White, plays basketball at the University of Arizona.
5. Mekhi Phifer, Actor (Soul Food Original Movie), He is perhaps best known for his multi-year role as Dr. Greg Pratt on NBC’s long-running medical drama ER and his co-starring role opposite Eminem in the feature film 8 Mile. He was a regular on the Fox crime show Lie to Me, up until season 3.