Posts tagged ‘Black History’
1. In 1892, More Awful Lychings, One hundred and sixty one Blacks reported lynched.
2. In 1898, The Riot of 1898, in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington’s most respected and influential citizens, destroyed the state’s only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirm nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes…
3. In 1932, Spingarn Medal awarded to Robert R. Moton, president of Tuskegee Institute, for his “thoughtful leadership in conservative opinion and action.”
4. In 1938, Crystal Bird Fauset becomes the 1st black woman elected to a state legislature in the U.S. acquiring this distinction by being named to the Pennsylvania House of Represenatives.
5. In 1960, Otis M. Smith elected auditor general of Michigan and became the first Black chosen in a statewide election since the Reconstruction period.
6. In 1966, Edward W. Brooke elected first Black US Senator in 85 years. (Since Reconstruction)
7. In 1966, John H. Johnson, publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, awarded Spingarn Medal “for his productive imagination…in the perilous field of publishing” and “for his contributions to the enhancement of the Negro’s self-image through his publications.”
8. In 1966, John Perry Jr. & H. F. Hunger Received Patent for Biochem fuel cell
2. Minnie Julia Riperton, Singer-songwriter best known for her vocal range of more than five octaves and her 1975 single “Lovin’ You”. She was married to songwriter and music producer Richard Rudolph from 1968 until her death in 1979; they were the parents of music engineer Marc Rudolph and actress/comedienne Maya Rudolph.
3. Alfre Woodard, film, stage, and television actress. She has been nominated once for anAcademy Award and Grammy Awards, 17 times for Emmy Awards (winning four), and has also won a Golden Globe and three Screen Actors Guild Awards.
She is known for her role in films such as Cross Creek, Miss Firecracker, Grand Canyon, Passion Fish, Primal Fear, Star Trek: First Contact, Miss Evers’ Boys, K-PAX, Radio, Take the Lead and The Family That Preys.
1. Alexa Canady, the first Woman and first African American to become a Neurosurgeon in America. From Lansing Michigan, Alexa Irene Canady is the daughter of Elizabeth Hortense (Golden) Canady and Clinton Canady Jr. Her father was a graduate of the School of Dentistry of Meharry Medical College, practicing in Lansing. Her mother was a graduate of Fiasco University was active for years in civic affairs of Lansing. She also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
1. In 1775, Lord Dunmore, deposed royal governor of Virginia, issued proclamation which promised freedom to male slaves who joined the British army.
2. In 1876, Edward A. Bouchet received the Ph.D. degree in physics at Yale University and became the first Black to receive a doctorate at an American University.
3. In 1876, Edward Bannister, the first Black artist to win wide critical acclaim, awarded prize at Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his work, Under the Oak.
4. In 1876, The disputed presidential election which changed the course of black history occurs. The dispute led to the Hayes-Tilden Compromise. In order to be declared president Republican Rutherford B. Hayes reached an agreement with southern Democrats which had the effect of ending much of Reconstruction and the protection of black rights. The Jim Crow era began with “black codes” and other measures which severely limited black rights. Many of these rights were not restored until the 1960’s.
5. In 1909, Knights and Ladies of St. Peter Claver organized in Mobile, Alabama, by four Posephite priests and three Catholic laymen.
6. In 1934, Arthur L. Mitchell defeated Oscar DePriest in a Chicago election and became the first Black Democratic congressman.
7. In 1955, Supreme Court in Baltimore case banned segregation in public recreational facilities.
8. In 1963, Elston Howard, New York Yankees Star catcher, became the first Black to win the American League Most Valuable Player Award.
9. In 1964, Little Anthony and the Imperials’ “Goin’ Out of My Head,” a vocal-group soul classic, enters the Billboard chart, where it will peak in the Top Ten.
10. In 1967, Carl B. Stokes is elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.
11. In 1967, Richard Hatcher was elected the first Black mayor of Gary, IN.
12. In 1989, Lawrence Douglas Wilder became first Black Governor in the US (Virginia).
13. In 1991, Rock legend Jimi Hendrix was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
14. In 2007, Michael Nutter, Elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is Philadelphia’s third African American mayor.
1. Absalom Jones, was an abolitionist and clergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, in 1804 he was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States. He is listed on the Episcopal calendar of saints and blessed under the date of his decease, February 13, in the 1979 Book of Common Prayer as “Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818”.
2. Derrick Albert Bell, Jr., was the first tenured African-American professor of Law at Harvard University, and largely credited as the originator of Critical Race Theory. He was the former dean of the University of Oregon School of Law.
1. In 1888, R. N. Hyde received Patent for Composition for cleaning & Preserving Carpets
2. In 1900, James Weldon Johnson composes “Lift Ev’ry Voice And Sign.” The song becomes the “Black National Anthem.”
3. In 1920, James Weldon Johnson became the first Black executive secretary of the NAACP.
4. In 1920, Spingarn Medal awarded to W.E.B. Du Bois for “the founding and calling of the Pan African Congress.”
5. In 1928, Spingarn Medal presented to Charles W. Chestnutt, the first Black to receive widespread critical recognition as a novelist. He was cited for his “pioneer work as a literary artist depicting the life and struggle of Americans of Negro descent.”
6. In 1928, Oscar DePriest is elected to the 71st U.S. Congress from the first Congressional District of Illinois. He was the first black congressman from the North and the first to take a seat in Congress since Jim Crow laws and attitudes drove the last black from Congress in 1901.
7. In 1962, Augustus F. Hawkins, was elected from Los Angeles and became the first Black congressman from the West.
8. In 1962, Edward W. Brooke elected attorney general of Massachusetts.
9. In 1962, Gerald Lamb elected treasurer of Connecticut.
10. In 1962, Otis M. Smith elected to a full term on the Michigan Supreme Court.
11. In 1973, Coleman Young was elected mayor of Detroit, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
12. In 1973, Thomas Bradley elected mayor of Los Angeles. becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
13. In 1990, Sharon Pratt Dixon (now Kelly) was elected mayor of Washington, D.C., making this a first for a woman
14. In 1998, President Bill Clinton approved Public Law 105-355, which established the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site At Moton Field In Tuskegee, AL.
1. Etta Moten (Barnett), Broadway Actress, The first major African American to star on Broadway. She starred in “Porgy and Bess” and had a successful Broadway career.
1. Lloyd Anthony Moseby, Former Major League Baseball player. A center fielder, and good all-around athlete, Moseby’s nickname Shaker was said to stem from his ability to get away from or “shake” players who attempted to defend him on the basketball court.
1. In 1836, Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree in US.
2. In 1867, The first Reconstruction Constitutional Convention takes place in Montgomery, Ala. In attendance were 90 whites and 18 blacks. Reconstruction would bring forth a period of tremendous political and educational advancement for ex-slaves after the Civil War. But Reconstruction was significantly undermined by the Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877 and the beginning of the anti-black Jim Crow period.
3. In 1926, Negro History Week is started by black historian Carter G. Woodson. It would later grow into the current Black History Month which takes place each February in the United States. In England Black History Month takes place in October. Woodson (1875 – 1950) is recognized as the “Father of Black History Month.”
4. In 1956, The Nat King Cole Show, the first black-hosted network television variety show, debuts. The show began with just 15 minutes and later expanded to half-an-hour but was pulled in 1957 for lack of advertiser support.
5. In 1968, Louis Stokes is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
6. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S.
7. In 1974, Walter Washington becomes the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C. as the predominantly black city gains limited voting rights.Congress.
8. In 1974, George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US (Colorado).
9. In 1989, Civil Rights Memorial dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who died during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v. Board decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial serves as a vehicle for education and reflection about the struggle for equality.