1. In 1839, Seminoles & black allies forced from Tampa Bay Fl., to the West, by foot, horse and wagon which would later be know as the “Trail Of Tears.”
2. In 1853, First Black Y.M.C.A. organized in Washington D.C.
3. In 1870, Hiram R. Revels, first Black US Senator, took oath of office
4. In 1896, Jan E. Matzeliger received Patent for Nailing machine
5. In 1928, One-Man Show of Art by Negro, First of Kind Here, Opens Today,” read the headline of a front-page article in ‘The New York Times’ on this day. The article announced the opening of Archibald J. Motley, Jr’s show at the New Gallery on Madison Avenue. This was the first time in History that an artist had made the front page of ‘The New York Times’ and it was the second one-person show by an African-American artist (the first being Henry O. Tanner).
6. In 1948, Martin Luther King Jr. graduated from Morehouse with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1951
7. In 1964, Muhammad Ali defeated Sonny Liston for world heavyweight boxing championship.
8. In 1971, President Nixon met with members of the Congressional Black Caucus and appointed a White House panel to study a list of recommendations made by the group.
9. In 1987, Michael Jordan, scores Chicago Bull record 58 points in a game
10. In 1987, US Supreme Court upholds (5-4) affirmative action
11. In 1989, Boxer Mike Tyson becomes the undisputed Heavyweight Champion of the World by defeating challenger Frank Bruno of England.
12. In 1991, Adrienne Mitchell, first African American woman to die in combat in the Persian Gulf War is killed in her military barracks in Dharan, Saudi Arabia
13. In 1998, R. Kelly’s hit single “I Believe I Can Fly” win Best Male R&B Vocal, Best Song Written for TV or a Movie and Best R&B Song Grammy Awards.
14. In 1999, White supremacist John King, one of three white men accused of chaining James Byrd to a pickup and dragging him along a Texas road until he was decapitated, was sentenced to death by lethal injection. If his death penalty is carried out, he will be the first white Texan executed for killing a Black man.