1. In 1868, Medical School at Howard University opened with eight (8) students.
2. In 1901, Fiery pioneer black journalist William Monroe Trotter starts theGuardian newspaper in Boston. Trotter made headlines throughout the nation when in November 1914, he confronted President Woodrow Wilson in the White House for failing to do more to stop the lynching of blacks.
1. In 1892, More Awful Lychings, One hundred and sixty one Blacks reported lynched.
2. In 1898, The Riot of 1898, in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington’s most respected and influential citizens, destroyed the state’s only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirm nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes…
3. In 1932, Spingarn Medal awarded to Robert R. Moton, president of Tuskegee Institute, for his “thoughtful leadership in conservative opinion and action.”
4. In 1938, Crystal Bird Fauset becomes the 1st black woman elected to a state legislature in the U.S. acquiring this distinction by being named to the Pennsylvania House of Represenatives.
5. In 1960, Otis M. Smith elected auditor general of Michigan and became the first Black chosen in a statewide election since the Reconstruction period.
6. In 1966, Edward W. Brooke elected first Black US Senator in 85 years. (Since Reconstruction)
7. In 1966, John H. Johnson, publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, awarded Spingarn Medal “for his productive imagination…in the perilous field of publishing” and “for his contributions to the enhancement of the Negro’s self-image through his publications.”
8. In 1966, John Perry Jr. & H. F. Hunger Received Patent for Biochem fuel cell
1. Esther Rolle, Actress actress. She was perhaps best known for her portrayal of Florida Evans on the CBS television sitcom Maude and its spin-off series Good Times.
2. Minnie Julia Riperton, Singer-songwriter best known for her vocal range of more than five octaves and her 1975 single “Lovin’ You”. She was married to songwriter and music producer Richard Rudolph from 1968 until her death in 1979; they were the parents of music engineer Marc Rudolph and actress/comedienne Maya Rudolph.
3. Alfre Woodard, film, stage, and television actress. She has been nominated once for anAcademy Award and Grammy Awards, 17 times for Emmy Awards (winning four), and has also won a Golden Globe and three Screen Actors Guild Awards.
She is known for her role in films such as Cross Creek, Miss Firecracker, Grand Canyon, Passion Fish, Primal Fear, Star Trek: First Contact, Miss Evers’ Boys, K-PAX, Radio, Take the Lead and The Family That Preys.
1. Alexa Canady, the first Woman and first African American to become a Neurosurgeon in America. From Lansing Michigan, Alexa Irene Canady is the daughter of Elizabeth Hortense (Golden) Canady and Clinton Canady Jr. Her father was a graduate of the School of Dentistry of Meharry Medical College, practicing in Lansing. Her mother was a graduate of Fiasco University was active for years in civic affairs of Lansing. She also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
1. Absalom Jones, was an abolitionist and clergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, in 1804 he was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States. He is listed on the Episcopal calendar of saints and blessed under the date of his decease, February 13, in the 1979 Book of Common Prayer as “Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818”.
2. Derrick Albert Bell, Jr., was the first tenured African-American professor of Law at Harvard University, and largely credited as the originator of Critical Race Theory. He was the former dean of the University of Oregon School of Law.
1. In 1880, P. Johnson received Patent for Eye protector
2. In 1886, Henry Brown received Patent for Receptacle for Storing and Preserving Papers
3. In 1886, I. D. Davis received Patent for Tonic
4. In 1889, The last great African king is crowned. Menelik II becomes “Negusa Nagast,” King of Kings, of Abyssinia, now Ethiopia.
5. In 1903, Maggie L. Walker opens the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in Richmond, Va.
6. In 1930, Haile Selassie is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia after the death of Ethiopian Empress Zawditu.
7. In 1983, By Act Of Congress, M.L.King Jr.’s Birthday becomes legal holiday
8. In 2008, Lewis Hamilton won the Formula One World Championship in Sao Paulo, Brazil
1. In 1604, William Shakespeare’s great play “Othello” was first performed at Whitehall Palace in London. It is the earliest known European play with a black lead character.
2. In 1866, America’s first Civil Rights Act is passed over the veto of President Andrew Johnson.
3. . In 1898, C. W. Allen received Patent for Self- Leveling Table
4. In 1910, Scholar and political activist WEB DuBois began publication of NAACP monthly magazine the Crisis.
5. In 1945, First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H. Johnson.
6. In 1951, Jet Magazine founded by Ebony Magazine Publisher J. H. Johnson.
7. In 1989, David Dinkins elected mayor of New York City.
8. in 1991, Clarence Thomas takes his seat on the United States Supreme Court.
1. In 1889, J. Standard received Patent for Oil stove
2. In 1929, The Stock Market collapses, ushering in the Great Depression and bringing about black unemployment rates ranging from 25 to 40 percent. The effects of the Great Depression would last until the start of World War II. The American war effort created a substantial number of war-industry jobs and a second mass migration of blacks from the South to the industrial North.
3. In 1969, Supreme Court ordered end to all school desegregation at once.