1. Enolia P. McMillan, Teacher, she becomes the first woman president of the NAACP, serving the organization from 1984 to 1990.
2. Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr., better known by his stage name Snoop Dogg, is an Rapp Artist, record producer, actor, entrepreneur. Snoop is best known as a rapper in the West Coast hip hop scene, and for being one of Dr. Dre’s most notable protégés.
Snoop’s debut album Doggystyle, was released in 1993 under Death Row Records making a debut at No.1 on both the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B charts. Selling almost a million copies in the first week of its release, Doggystyle quickly became certified 4x platinum in 1994 and spawned several hit singles, including “What’s My Name” and “Gin & Juice”. In 1994, Snoop released a soundtrack on Death Row Records for the short film Murder Was The Case, starring himself.
3. Jennifer Nicole Freeman, actress, often credited as Jennifer N. Freeman. She was born in Los Angeles, California best known for playing the role of Claire Kyle in the ABC sitcom My Wife and Kids. She has also made guest appearances on television (such as the shows 7th Heaven, Switched, One on One, and The OC). She is a spokesmodel for the Neutrogena skin care products company.
May 31, 1921, Terrorist attacked Greenwood, a suburb (African American Community) of Tulsa, Ok by flying overhead and bombing from the air. The first of it’s kind in the US. During the 16 hours of the assault, more than 6,000 Greenwood residents were arrested and detained in a prison camp, an estimated 10,000 were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire caused by the bombing. To date, no charges were ever filed. Terrorism wasn’t a crime back then? Note: No official number of deaths of African Americans in this terrorist attack.
in September 1963, A terrorist bomb exploded during services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala., killed four young girls.
The lynching of three men occurred shortly after midnight on June 21, 1964, when they went to investigate the burning of a church that supported civil rights activity. James Chaney was a local Freedom Movement activist in Meridian, Michael Schwerner was a CORE organizer from New York, and Andrew Goodman, also from New York, was a Freedom Summer volunteer. The three men had just finished week-long training on the campus of Western College for Women (now part of Miami University), in Oxford, Ohio, regarding strategies on how to register blacks to vote. On 21st October, 1967, seven of the men were found guilty of (not murder but) conspiring to deprive Goodman, Schwerner and Chaney of their civil rights and sentenced to prison terms ranging from three to ten years. You didn’t get much for raging terror in those days. On June 21, 2005, some 41 years after committing the crime, and after seeing his kids grow up and his grandkids born, Edgar Ray Killen was found guilty of the (not murder but) manslaughter of the three men.
February 28, 1993 The Raid at Branch Davidian ranch in Waco Texas. 76 people (24 of them British nationals) died in the fire, including more than 20 children, two pregnant women, and the sect leader David Koresh.
The Oklahoma City bombingwas a terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. The toll eventually reached 168 confirmed dead, not including an unmatched leg that could have belonged to a possible, unidentified 169th victim.
Sept 11, 2001, the terrorist, after several feeble attempts finally brought down the twin towers/world trade center in New York. In doing so, they inadvertently had our freedoms and rights taken away from us. You can no longer take a flight without having you picture took through you clothes. It is ok for a stranger to give you a pat down. It’s no longer just a police thang. It’s now ok for a stranger to touch your child in inappropriate areas of their bodies TSA. It is now okay to phone tap, monitor your electronic communications, bug your home, read your mail and stop and detain you with out a warrant. Is this the freedom we held so dear to our hearts? Did the terrorist redefine our “FREEDOM”? It has been ten years, are you any safer than you were 10 years ago? Remember, you thought you were safe on Sept. 11, 2001. The only difference now is, we don’t enjoy the freedoms we once did.
1. Lewis H. Latimer, inventor and engineer, he copatented (with Charles W. Brown) an improved toilet system for railroad cars called the Water Closet for Railroad Cars (U.S. Patent 147,363).
Latimer received a patent in January 1881 for the “Process of Manufacturing Carbons”, an improved method for the production of carbon filaments used in lightbulbs.
Latimer is an inductee of the National Inventors Hall of Fame for his work on electric filament manufacturing techniques.
Latimer was a founding member of the Flushing, New York Unitarian Church. Latimer’s home has been moved to a small park in Flushing, New York and turned into a museum in honor of the inventor.
2. Meade (Lux) Lewis, pianist and composer, noted for his work in the boogie-woogie style. His best known work, “Honky Tonk Train Blues”, has been recorded in various contexts, often in a big band arrangement. Early recordings of the piece by artists other than Lewis include performances by Adrian Rollini, Frankie Trumbauer, classical harpsichordist Sylvia Marlowe, theater organist George Wright (with drummer Cozy Cole, under the title “Organ Boogie”), and Bob Zurke with Bob Crosby’s orchestra. Keith Emerson of Emerson, Lake & Palmer often included it in his repertoire and recorded it in 1972.
3. Richard Wright, Writer (Native Son, The Fire Next Time), author of sometimes controversial novels,short stories and non-fiction. Much of his literature concerns racial themes, especially those involving the plight of African-Americans during the 19th century. His work helped redefine discussions of race relations in America in the mid-20th century.
4. Frank White, former Major League Baseball player, and coach for the Kansas City Royals and their AA affiliate, the Wichita Wranglers. He currently is a color commentator for Royals telecasts..
5. Damon Wayans, is an American stand-up comedian, writer and actor, one of the Wayans brothers.
6. Nona Gaye, singer, former fashion model, and screen actress. The daughter of soul music legend Marvin Gaye and granddaughter of jazz great Slim Gaillard, she began her career as a vocalist in the early 1990s. As an actress, she is best known for her portrayal of Zee in the science fiction films The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions.
7. Beyoncé (born Beyoncé Giselle Knowles) is a pop/RnB singer, songwriter, record producer, actress and model. Beyoncé was named Billboard’s Top Female Artist of the 2000s in February 2009 as well as their Artist of the Millennium in May 2011. She was the RIAA’s top certified and best-selling overall artist of the decade and the NRJ Music Awards also awarded her as their Artist of the Decade in France.
As obstacles are placed before you, there will be attempts to persuade you to go to the left and there will be others that will attempt to persuade you to go to the right. There is a third option that you may want to consider. Try going over the top. while you are at the peak, take time to look around, north, south, east and west, you will find the answer you seek. An answer that will serve everyone for the best.
1. In 1891, W. Queen Received Patent for Guard for companion ways & hatches
2. In 1951, The Five Keys make their chart debut with (The Glory of Love).
3. In 1963, James Meredith graduates from University of Mississippi. His graduation was unmarred by the protests and violence that marked his federally forced admission to the once-segregated institution.
4. In 1964, South Africa was banned from the Olympic Games because of its apartheid policies.
5. In 1976, Vice Admiral Samuel L. Garvely Jr. assumed command of the U.S. Third Fleet.
6. Barbara George (Barbara Ann Smith) Songstress, R&B singer and songwriter
7. Carol Moseley Braum, Former US Senator, politician and lawyer who represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1993 to 1999.
8. Reginald Vel Johnson- Actor Carl Winslow on the sitcom Family Matters, where he was the only cast member to appear in every single episode. He was also LAPD Sgt. Al Powell in the film Die Hard (1988) and its sequel Die Hard 2 (1990).
9. Angela Evelyn Bassett- Actress, (Waiting to Exhale, ER, The Jacksons, What’s Love Got To Do With It)
1. In 1862, President Lincoln received first group of Blacks to confer with a U.S. president on a matter of public policy. He urged Blacks to emigrate to Africa or Central America and was bitterly criticized by Northern Blacks.
2. In 1876, Prairie View State University founded.
3. In 1883, Wade Washington Received Patent for Corn Husking Machine
4. In 1888, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Galvanic Battery
1. Ann Plato, was the second woman of color to publish a book in America and the first to publish a book of essays and poems.
2. Robert Brown Elliott, Member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina
3. John Rosamond Johnson, with Bob Cole, of the famous vaudeville team Cole & Johnson. Best remembered as a composer who, with his brother James Weldon Johnson providing the lyrics, will write “Lift Every Voice and Sing.”
4. Sam Collins, Blues Artist and guitarist, sometimes known as Crying Sam Collins, His best known recording was “The Jail House Blues”
5. Alex Haley, Writer, award-winning author (Roots won Pulitzer Prize/Malcolm X Bio.)
6. Carl T. Rowan, Commissioned as a naval officer in WWII
7. Otis Taylor, college and professional American football player, for Prairie View A&M University and the American Football League’s Kansas City Chiefs. Standing 6-foot-3 and weighing 215 pounds, Taylor possessed sure hands and served as a devastating upfield blocker, springing Chiefs running backs for many long runs.
8. Yusef Komunyakaa, Poet who currently teaches at New York University and is a famous member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. Komunyakaa is a recipient of the 1994 Kingsley Tufts Poetry Award, for Neon Vernacular” and the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. He also received the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize.
9. Miguel A. Nunez Jr., Actor,He is best known for his supporting roles in The Return of the Living Dead and Life and a leading role in Juwanna Mann.