Archive for the ‘Slavery’ Category
1. In 1749, The British parliament legalizes slavery in the American colony that would become known as Georgia. Even though U.S. independence from Britian was in 1776, slavery continued until 1863, which was the results of a civil war in which rebels were putting their life on the line and willing to die to preserve slavery.
2. In 1872, Inventor Thomas J. Martin patents the fire extinguisher.
3. In 1868, B. F. Randolph, a prominent black politician in South Carolina after the Civil War, is assassinated.
4. In 1897, C. V. Richey received Patent for Railroad switch
5. In 1994, Beverly Harvard was appointed Atlanta’s chief of police on this day, The First Black Woman to run an major Police Dept.
6. In 2005, Ken Williams, general manager of Chicago White Sox when they won World Series in a four games sweep against houston astros (last win 1917).
1. In 1775, Slaves and free blacks are officially barred by the Council of Officers from joining the Continental army to help fight for American independence from England. Nevertheless, a significant number of blacks had already become involved in the fight and would distinguish themselves in battle. Additional blacks were barred out of the fear, especially in the South, that they would demand freedom for themselves if white America became free from Britain.
2. In 1969, Police officers and Blacks exchanged sniper fire on Chicago’s West Side. One youth was killed and nine policemen were injured.
1. In 1865, North Carolina amends constitution forbidding slavery.
2. In 1888, P. W. Cornwell received Patent for Draft Regulator
3. In 1965, Closing out an incredible year, Little Anthony and the Imperials launch their last Top Forty pop hit, “I Miss You So.”
4. In 1967, Thurgood Marshall sworn in as the first Black Supreme Court Justice.
5. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan appointed Edward J. Perkins ambassador to South Africa
6. In 1986, The U.S. Senate overrides President Ronald Reagan’s veto of legislation imposing economic sanctions on South Africa.
1. In 1862, President Lincoln, in preliminary Emancipation Proclamation warned South that he would free slaves in all states in rebellion on January 1, 1863.
2. In 1891, Jan E. Matzeliger received Patent for Lasting machine
3. In 1915, Xavier University, first Black Catholic College in US, opened.
4. In 1950, Ralph J. Bunche, U.N. undersecretary general for special political affairs (1955-70) was awarded noble peace prize.
5. In 1953, Faye Adam’s “Shake A Hand” is the #1 R&B single
6. In 1959, Juanita Kidd Stout to serve as judge of the Philadelphia Municipal Court.
7. In 1961, The Interstate Commerce Commission officially prohibits segregation in buses traveling in interstate commerce. It also banned segregated terminal facilities even though the ruling was largely ignored in many Southern states.
1. In 1850, Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise was essentially a vain attempt to reconcile differences between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North as to whether Midwest states would be slave-holding or free. The law basically required free states to help slave states capture escaped slaves.
2. In 1895, Booker T. Washington delivered his famous (or infamous) “Atlanta Compromise” speech in which he promotes black economic betterment at the expense of civil and political rights. The speech endeared him to whites opposed to the social integration of blacks but it angered progressive blacks, including scholar W. E. B. DuBois, who began to portray Washington as an “Uncle Tom.”
3. In 1948, Ralph J. Bunche confirmed U.N. Security Council.
4. In 1972, Art Williams became the Natioal League’s first Black umpire
5. In 1990, Atlanta, Ga., led by Mayor Maynard H. Jackson, is selected as the site of the XXV Olympiad Summer Games
1. In 1787, U.S. Constitution approved at Philadelphia convention with three clauses protecting slavery.
2. In 1861, Hampton Institute founded.
3. In 1878, W. Lavalette received Patent for Printing Press (variation)
4. In 1962, Fourth Black church burned near Dawson, Georgia. Three white men later admitted burning the church. They were sentenced to seven-year prison terms.
5. In 1968, Diahann Carrol, Actress and Singer, became the first Black in a lead role in the TV Sitcom (Julia).
6. In 1970, The Flip Wilson Show premieres on NBC. It is the first prime time variety show starring an African American male since the Nat King Cole Show.
7. In 1983, Vanessa Williams, Acclaimed recording artist and actress became the first Black woman to be crowned Miss America.
1. In 1848, Slavery abolished in all French territories. It would take 17 years and a Civil War before slavery was abolished in America.
2. In 1928, More than 3000 African Americans died when Lake Okeechobee fooded Western Palm Beach County, Florida, with a 10-15 foot tidal wave. There are at least 3 mass graves containing the bodies of negroes interned without coffins or identification
3. In 1933, Emperor Jones, starring Paul Robeson as Brutus Jones is released by United Artists. It is Robeson’s first starring movie role and the first major Hollywood production starring an African American with whites in supporting roles.
4. In 1986, J. L. Carter & M. Weiner & R. J. Youmans received Patent for Distributed Pulse forming network for Magnetic Modulator
5. In 1990, Keenan Ivory Wayans’s In Living Color wins an Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series.
6. President Barack Obama signs the America Invents Act. The law represents the most significant change in the U.S. patent system since 1952. The act switches the U.S. patent system from a “first to invent” to a “first to file” system.
1. In 1988, Lee Roy Young Jr., a 15 year veteran of the State Department of Public Safety, Became the First Black Texas Ranger in modern history. Wilbert Scott was the first Black Texas Ranger in 1865 and served until 1867.
2. In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson named Walter E. Washington commissioner and “unofficial” mayor of Washington, D.C.
3, In 1960, Rafer Johnson won the Olympic Decathlon the first for an African American.
4. In 1905, Atlanta Life Insurance Company established by A.F. Herndon.
5. in 1892, George “Little Chocolate’ Dixon, a black, faced off against Jack Skelly in the featherweight championship. Dixon easily defeated Skelly in the eighth round. African Americans celebrated for two days. The White’s reaction to the Dixon-Skelly match demonstrates their racist attitude that prevailed during this time. The editor of the New Orleans Times-Democrat said that it was “a mistake to match a negro and a white man, a mistake to bring the races together on any terms of equality, even in the prize ring.’ After this fight, segregation appeared in the boxing ring..
6. In 1865, Thaddeus Stevens, powerful U.S. congressman, urged confiscation of estates of Confederate leaders and the distribution of land to adult freedmen in forty-acre lots.
7. In 1826, John Brown Russwurm became the first Black to graduate college in America when he graduated from Bowdoin College on this date.
NOTE: It is often confused with the first to graduate from Amherst College in Massachusetts. Edward Jones a mullato passing for white graduated from Amherst College in Massachusetts. Edward Jones’s father, Jehu Jones, was a wealthy free mulatto hotel owner who associated himself with the elite white people of Charleston and “seldom kept the company of even light-complexioned free blacks and never of slaves.” Edward Jones however, claimed to be proud of his African heritage and attempted to proved it by joining and becoming a member of the (not black but) Brown Fellowship society in Charleston.
1. In 1755, Jean Baptiste Leslet-Geoffroy, admitted to French Academy/Sciences.
2. In 1791, The world recognizes International Day for the Remembrance and Abolition of the Slave Trade.
3. In 1892, O. E. Brown receives patent for horseshoe.
4. In 1898, W. H. Jackson received Patent for Automatic Locking Switch
5. In 1900, Booker T. Washington founded the National Business League in Boston, MS, as the National Negro Business League. Five years later, the NNBL was incorporated officially in New York City. The organization was renamed and reincorporated in Washington, D. C. in 1966, when it became the National Business League (NBL). and reincorporated in Washington, D.C. in 1966, when it became the National Business League (NBL). It was established and operating 12 years before the U.S. Chamber of Commerce was founded.
The National Business League, with its constituency and membership crossing all business lines, has been an important organizational vehicle for black business persons and the black community generally. The League started as an alliance of individuals and firms dedicated to the financial and commercial development of minority America.
6. In 1964, (Where Did Our Love Go) by the Supremes, is #1 pop chart single.
7. In 2004, the Public Dedication of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center (NURFC) took place. The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is a testimonial and tribute to freedom. It brings to life the significance and consequence of struggles for freedom around the world and throughout history, including in today’s world.