1. In 1787, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized Philadelphia’s Free African Society which Du Bois called “the first wavering step of a people toward a more organized social life.”
2. In 1861, Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC
3. In 1861, Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor.
4. In 1864, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tenn., and massacred the inhabitants, sparing, the official report said, neither soldier nor civilian, Black nor white, male or female.
5. In 1869, Black students occupied administration building at Boston University in demand for Afro-American history courses and additional Black students.
6. In 1869, North Carolina legislature passed anti-Klan Law.
7. In 1975, Leontyne Price, opera singer, is awarded The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
8. In 2003, Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, the first Black female Prisoner of War, is rescued.
In 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.
1. In 1899, B. F. Jackson received Patent for Gas burner
2. In 1968, Tragedy at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Preacher, Husband, Father and civil rights leader was assassinated.
3. In 1989, Colin Luther Powell Promoted to the rank of Four Star General:
4. In 2009, Little Anthony and the Imperials are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the 24th annual ceremony. Smokey Robinson is their presenter.
5. In 2015, Walter Scott was murdered in North Charleston, South Carolina, following a daytime traffic stop for a broken brake light. Scott, a black man, was fatally shot by Michael Slager, a white North Charleston police officer. The video proved an unarmed Scott was shot in the back while fleeing.
6. In 2018, Shaheed Vassell, was shot and killed by police officers. Vassell, who was known to be mentally ill, supposedly pointed what the officers believed was a gun at them. The object, however, turned out to be a metal pipe with a knob on it.
1. In 1883, H. H. Reynolds Received Patent for Window ventilator for railroad cars
2. In 1888, A. B. Blackburn received Patent for Spring seat for chairs
3. In 1968, Dr. King Gave his last speech “I’ve Been To The Mountain Top”
4. In 1984, John Robert Thompson, Jr., became first black coach to win NCAA division I title.
5. In 1996, Ronald H. Brown, Commerce Secretary was killed in a plane crash during a trade mission to Bosnia.