Archive for the ‘Blacks In The Military’ Category
1. In 1787, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized Philadelphia’s Free African Society which Du Bois called “the first wavering step of a people toward a more organized social life.”
2. In 1861, Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC
3. In 1861, Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor.
4. In 1864, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tenn., and massacred the inhabitants, sparing, the official report said, neither soldier nor civilian, Black nor white, male or female.
5. In 1869, Black students occupied administration building at Boston University in demand for Afro-American history courses and additional Black students.
6. In 1869, North Carolina legislature passed anti-Klan Law.
7. In 1975, Leontyne Price, opera singer, is awarded The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
8. In 2003, Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, the first Black female Prisoner of War, is rescued.
In 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.
1. In 1899, B. F. Jackson received Patent for Gas burner
2. In 1968, Tragedy at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Preacher, Husband, Father and civil rights leader was assassinated.
3. In 1989, Colin Luther Powell Promoted to the rank of Four Star General:
4. In 2009, Little Anthony and the Imperials are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the 24th annual ceremony. Smokey Robinson is their presenter.
5. In 2015, Walter Scott was murdered in North Charleston, South Carolina, following a daytime traffic stop for a broken brake light. Scott, a black man, was fatally shot by Michael Slager, a white North Charleston police officer. The video proved an unarmed Scott was shot in the back while fleeing.
6. In 2018, Shaheed Vassell, was shot and killed by police officers. Vassell, who was known to be mentally ill, supposedly pointed what the officers believed was a gun at them. The object, however, turned out to be a metal pipe with a knob on it.
1. In 1954, Defense Department eliminated segregated regiments.
2. In 1956, Mayor Gayle of Montgomery, Alabama looks for legal ways to stop carpools utilized by the organizers of the Montgomery Boycott.
3. In 1966, The Black Panther Party is founded in California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The full name was the Black Panther Party for Self Defense. It was formed in large measure to bring attention to and combat brutality against blacks by the Oakland, Ca., Police Department.
4. In 1974, Muhammad Ali defeats George Foreman for the heavyweight boxing title. The fight took place in Zaire, now the Congo, and was billed as the “Rumble in the Jungle.”
5. In 1991, BET Holdings, Inc. sells 4.2 million shares of stock in an initial public offering, becoming the first black company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Co-founder Bob Johnson has since sold the company to the media giant, Viacom. Black Entertainment Television is pay television channel targeting African American audiences.
6. In 2009, President Obama Signs Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009
1. In 1891, P. B. Downing received Patent for Mail Box
2. In 1896, W. Purdy Received Patent for Device for sharpening edged tools
3. In 1931, R. B. Spikes Received Patent for Method & apparatus for obtaining average samples & temperature of tank liquids
4. In 1954, Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Became General in the U.S. Air Force.
5. In 1960, President John F. Kennedy intervenes to get Martin Luther King, Jr., released from the Georgia State Prison in Reidsville where he had been imprisoned because of his civil rights activities.
6. In 1981, Former United Nations Ambassador Andrew Young is elected mayor of Atlanta, becoming the city’s second black mayor.
1. In 1892, L. F. Brown received Patent for Bridle bit Patent No. 484,994.
2. In 1940, Benjamin O. Davis Sr became the first Black general in US Army.
3. In 1940, Black newspaper owner’s group, the NNPA (Negro Newspaper Publishers Association), is founded.The group later changed its name to the National Newspaper Publishers Association.
4. In 1958, An estimated 10,000 students led by Jackie Robinson, Harry Belafonte, and labor leader A. Phillip Randolph, participate in a youth march for integrated schools in Washington, D.C.
5. In 1976, A full pardon is granted to Clarence “Willie” Norris, the last known survivor of the nine “Scottsboro Boys.” The group of black men had been framed in a 1931 conviction for allegedly raping two white women.
6. In 1990, Evander Holyfield knocks out James “Buster” Douglas in the third round to become the undisputed world heavyweight champion.
7. In 1992, Cito Gaston, as manager of the Toronto Blue Jays, became the first Black Manager to lead a Major League Baseball team to win a world series title, defeating the Atlanta Braves.
8. in 1994 Susan Smith (a white woman) set off a nationwide man hunt when she claimed that a Black Man had car jacked her and kidnapped her two young children. It was later revealed that she had murdered her two boys by buckling them in her car and driving them into a lake.
9. In 1997, The Million Woman March in Philadelphia at the Museum Of Art included Winnie Mandela and Maxine Waters as Keynote Speakers.
10. In 2020 Archbishop Wilton Gregory elevated to cardinal, making him the first African American appointed to the red-hat conclave.
1. In 1849, Avery College established in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Rev Charles Avery established the Allegheny Institute and Mission Church north of Pittsburgh, with the aim of offering elementary and advanced education to qualified African-American students without regard to sex. Both the racial and the coeducational features of the program were controversial, and the school’s connection to Pittsburgh’s A.M.E. Zion Church assured a strong religious influence in the officially nonsectarian institute. (Religious affiliation was not to be a consideration in admission decisions, but instructors were expected to be professing Christians.)
2. In 1855, John Mercer Langston, probably the first black elected to public office in America, wins the race for clerk of the Brownhelm Township, Lorain County, Ohio.
3. In 1859, Harpers Ferry Insurrection.
4. In 1883, S. E. Thomas Received Patent for Waste Trap
5. In 1895, The nation’s leading African American medical group, the National Medical Association, is founded in Atlanta.
6. In 1901, Booker T. Washington becomes the first black leader to dine at the White House with the president when Theodore Roosevelt invites him. Some black leaders charge Washington’s invitation was a result of his policies that they charge tended to accommodate racism. Nevertheless, the invitation and dinner served to crown Washington as the black leader of the period.
7. In 1940, Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. was named the first Black General in The U.S. Army.
8. In 1968, Sprinters John Carlos and Tommie Smith give the clenched-fist black power salute when accepting their medals at the Mexico City Olympics as a protest against racism in America. The white Australian sprinter in the historic picture also wore a human rights badge in support of their protest.
9. In 1973, Maynard Jackson, elected mayor of Atlanta. He served three terms, two consecutive terms from 1974 until 1982 and a third term from 1990 to 1994. He became the first African American mayor of Atlanta in the same week that Coleman Young became the first African-American mayor of Detroit.
10. In 1984, Archbishop Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end white-minority rule in South Africa.
11. In 1995, Nation of Islam leader, Minister Louis Farrakhan, leads the Million Man March to the Nation’s Capital in Washington, D.C. Over a million black men gather to “atone” and organize.
1. George Washington Williams, was an American Civil War veteran, minister, politician and historian. He travelled to King Leopold II’s Congo Free State and his open letter to Leopold about the suffering of the region’s inhabitants at the hands of Leopold’s agents, helped to sway European and American public opinion against the regime running the Congo, under which some 10 million people lost their lives.
2. Manute Bol, basketball player and activist. At 7 feet, 7 inches (2.31 meters), Bol was one of the tallest players ever to appear in the National Basketball Association. Bol was officially measured at 7 feet, 6 3/4 inches tall by the Guinness Book of World Records.
1. Edith Spurlock Sampson, was a Lawyer and judge, and the first Black Woman Delegate appointed to the United Nations. She studied law while working as a social worker in Chicago, taking night courses at John Marshall Law School,
2. Arnaud Wendell Bontemps, Was a Writer (100 years of Negro Freedom), Poet and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.
3. Art Tatum, jazz pianist and virtuoso who played with phenomenal facility despite being nearly blind. Tatum is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. He came from a musical family and when younger had some formal training at the Toledo School of Music, however he was largely self-taught. His teacher there recognized his talents and tried to steer him towards as a career as a classical concert pianist. Tatum was more interested in the music of Fats Waller, which would be a strong influence on his music. At 18 he was playing interludes at a local radio station and within a short period of time he had his own show. In 1932 he was heard by the singer Adelaide Hall who brought him to New York as her accompanist. One year later he made his first recordings, among which was “Tiger Rag”. This song which features breakneck tempo and rippling left- and right-hand cascades and crashing bass notes had every pianist in the country amazed by his astonishing dexterity. While in New York he established his reputation in “cutting contests” with other top pianists, which he never lost. He spent the next few years playing in Cleveland, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles and even England in 1938. During this time he established himself as a major figure in jazz circles. In the early 1940s Tatum formed an extremely popular trio with bassist Slam Stewart and guitarist Tiny Grimes. He spent much of the next decade touring North America. In 1953 Tatum signed by producer Norman Granz and recorded extensively both as a soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, Buddy De Franco, Roy Eldridge, Lionel Hampton, Ben Webster and others. His incredible talent allowed him to be extremely productive during this time. Ray Spencer in his biography, noted that Tatum was constantly “refining and honing down after each performance until an ideal version remained needing no further adjustments”. This allowed him to achieve a remarkable work rate. For example, his solo sessions for Granz were mostly completed in two days. That is a total of 69 tracks and all but three of them needed only one take.
4. Jesse Leroy Brown, was the first African-American naval aviator in the United States Navy. Brown enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1946 and was appointed a Midshipman, at the Ohio State University NROTC the following year. After attending Navy pre-flight school and flight training, he was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1948. Midshipman Brown was then assigned to Fighter Squadron 32. He received his commission as Ensign in April 1949.
5. Ray Brown, Jazz Bassist, had piano lessons from the age of eight. After noticing how many pianists attended his high school, he thought of taking up the trombone, but was unable to afford one. With a vacancy in the high school jazz orchestra, he took up the upright bass.
6. Shirley Caesar, Evangelist, Gospel Singer, songwriter and recording artist whose career has spanned six decades. A multi-award winning artist, with eleven Grammy Awards and seven Dove Awards to her credit, she is known as “First Lady of gospel”.
7. Pharaoh Sanders, is a Grammy Award–winning American jazz saxophonist. Emerging from John Coltrane’s groups of the mid-60s Sanders is known for his overblowing, harmonic, and multi phonic techniques on the saxophone, as well as his use of “sheets of sound.”
8. Demond Wilson, is an actor, author, and pastor. He is best known for his role opposite Redd Foxx as Fred Sanford’s son, Lamont Sanford, in the 1970s NBC-TV sitcom Sanford and Son.
9. Reggie Theus, is an assistant coach for the Minnesota Timberwolves. He is also a retired basketball player and the former head coach for the NBA’s Sacramento Kings.
10. Jerry Rice, is a retired football wide receiver. He is generally regarded as the greatest wide receiver of all time and one of the greatest players in National Football League history. On November 4, 2010, Rice was chosen by NFL Network’s NFL Films production The Top 100: NFL’s Greatest Players as the greatest player in NFL history.
The all-time leader in most major statistical categories for wide receivers and the all-time NFL leader in touchdowns scored with 208, Rice was selected to the Pro Bowl 13 times (1986–1996, 1998, 2002) and named All-Pro 11 times in his 20 NFL seasons. He won three Super Bowl rings playing for the San Francisco 49ers and an AFC Championship with the Oakland Raiders.
11. Tisha Michelle Campbell-Martin, is an actress and singer, known for her starring roles in television series Martin and My Wife and Kids and now is starring in the new television series “The Protector”. Apart from her achievements in television, she also has notable accomplishments in film (including the House Party franchise), theater, and music.
12. Ashanti, Ashanti Shequoiya Douglas, Rapp and R&B recording artist, record producer and actress who rose to fame in the early 2000s and then largely faded from view. Ashanti is most famous for her eponymous debut album, which featured the hit song “Foolish”, and sold over 503,000 copies in its first week of release throughout the U.S. in April 2002. The album set a Soundscan record as the biggest opening week sales for a new female artist. In the same week, she became the first female performer to simultaneously hold the top two places on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart with “Foolish”, and “What’s Luv?” (with Fat Joe). Ashanti broke records again by having three top ten songs, “Foolish,” “What’s Luv?” and “Always on Time”, on the Billboard Hot 100 charts in the same week, being the first woman to accomplish this feat. In 2003, the self-titled debut album won Ashanti her first Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B album. As of 2011, she has sold more than 30 million albums.