Archive for the ‘Blacks In The Civil War’ Category
1. In 1862, First Kansas Colored Volunteers drove off force of rebels at Island Mound, Missouri. This was the first engagement for Black troops.
2. In 1914, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporated.
3. In 1981, Edward M. McIntrye elected first Black mayor of Augusta, Georgia.
4. In 2009, President Obama Signs National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010
1. George Washington Williams, was an American Civil War veteran, minister, politician and historian. He travelled to King Leopold II’s Congo Free State and his open letter to Leopold about the suffering of the region’s inhabitants at the hands of Leopold’s agents, helped to sway European and American public opinion against the regime running the Congo, under which some 10 million people lost their lives.
2. Manute Bol, basketball player and activist. At 7 feet, 7 inches (2.31 meters), Bol was one of the tallest players ever to appear in the National Basketball Association. Bol was officially measured at 7 feet, 6 3/4 inches tall by the Guinness Book of World Records.
1. Christian Abraham Fleetwood, a non-commissioned officer in the United States Army, an editor, a musician, and a government official. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the American Civil War.
2. Charles P. Adams Sr., educator and administrator. founder of Grambling State University, in 1901.
3. Floyd McDaniel, Blues singer and musician, Known for blues-drenched jazz and jazz-drenched blues, Floyd McDaniel was a part of the Chicago scene for most of his 80 years. The singer/guitarist was born in Athens, AL but spent much of his life in the Windy City, which he moved to when he was 15 in 1930. As a teenager, McDaniel played and sang the blues on the streets of Chicago, and in 1933, he joined a washboard band called the Rhythm Rascals. In the early ’40s, McDaniel learned to play the electric guitar and joined the Four Blazes, a jump blues combo that later became the Five Blazes and recorded for Aristocrat in 1947 and United Artists in 1952-53.
4. Floyd Jones, blues singer, guitarist and songwriter, who is significant as one of the first of the new generation of electric blues artists to record in Chicago after the Second World War. A number of Jones’ recordings are regarded as classics of the Chicago blues idiom, and his song “On The Road Again” was a top ten hit for Canned Heat in 1968.[
5. Charles Sumner “Chuck” Stone, Jr., a former Tuskegee Airman, an American newspaper editor, columnist, and professor of journalism. After completing his service in World War II, Stone already had been admitted to Harvard University but chose to matriculate at Wesleyan University. In the 1940s, he was the first African-American undergraduate in several decades at Wesleyan, graduating in the class of 1948 and serving as the commencement speaker. Stone subsequently received a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Chicago.
6. Edolphus “Ed” Towns, politician and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing the 10th District of New York based in Brooklyn, and including such communities such as Fort Greene, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brownsville, Mill Basin, Cypress Hills, East New York and Canarsie. A Democrat, he has served in the House since 1983. On December 10, 2008, the House Democratic Caucus formally elected Rep. Towns as Chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee. The previous chairman Henry Wa
7. James Enos “Jim” Clyburn, politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives for the 6th congressional district of South Carolina.
8. Alton H. Maddox, lawyer who was involved in several publicized cases in the 1980s before his law license was indefinitely suspended in 1990 by the New York State Supreme Court.
9. Dave Henderson, nicknamed Hendu, Major League Baseball player who played for the Seattle Mariners (1981-1986), Boston Red Sox (1986-1987), San Francisco Giants (1987), Oakland Athletics (1988-1993) and Kansas City Royals (1994). He batted and threw right-handed. He attended Dos Palos High School where his football #42 and baseball #22 were both retired for his hometown Broncos, who wear blue and gold.
1. In 1850, The California Fugitive Slave Law, introduced earlier by state Senator Henry A. Crabb, was adopted by the State Legislature. It authorized any slave owner claiming a runaway to obtain warrant for the slave’s arrest.
2. In 1861, President Lincoln called for 75,000 troops to put down the rebellion. Lincoln administration rejected Black volunteers. For almost two years straight, Black Americans fought for the right, as one humorist put it, “to be kilt”.
3. In 1896, Booker T. Washington receives an honorary degree from Harvard
4. In 1947, Jackie Robinson Made debut in major league Baseball.
5. In 1959, African Freedom Day is declared at the All-African People’s Conference in Accra, Ghana.
6. In 1960, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) (conventionally pronounced /ˈsnɪk/) was one of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina. SNCC grew into a large organization with many supporters in the North who helped raise funds to support SNCC’s work in the South, allowing full-time SNCC workers to have a $10 a week salary. Many unpaid volunteers also worked with SNCC on projects in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, and Maryland.
7. In 1980, Zimbabwe, formerly known as Rhodesia gains its independence.
8. In 1985, Thomas “Hit Man” Hearns wins the World Middleweight title. This is one of five weight classes that he has won a boxing title making him the first Black to win boxing titles in five different weight classes.
9. In 1996, South Africa’s “truth commission”, looking into abuses during the apartheid era, began its public hearings.
10. In 2011, President Barack Obama signed the budget agreement covering federal spending for the remainder of the current fiscal year on Friday, bringing an end to any remaining fears of a government shutdown.
The bipartisan deal, which won approval the day before from both the House and Senate, cuts $38.5 billion in spending while funding the government through the end of September.
1. In 1794, Richard Allen a minister, educator, writer, and one of America’s most active and influential black leaders founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. He opened his first AME church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
2. In 1819 Congress passed Legislation authorizing the return of freed Black Slaves to their “Motherland”. The American Colonization Society group of freed slaves arrived at Sherbro Island in 1821 before being driven by circumstance to Providence Island at Cape Mesurado in present day Liberia in April 1822.
Seven years prior In 1815 Paul Cuffe settled a group of 88 freed slaves on Sherbro Island. Sherbro Island is the site of an early 19th-century British post against the slave trade. The island was acquired from the Sherbro people by the colony at Freetown in 1861.
3. In 1820, Missouri Compromise enacted. The measure prohibited slavery to the north of southern boundary of Missouri.
4. In 1821, Thomas L. Jennings Becomes the first African American to be granted a patent in the United States by receiving a patent for his technique to “Dry” clothes.
5. In 1863, Draft Act Passed, During the height of the Civil War, Congress passed this act which mandated military service for all men between the ages of twenty and forty-five.
6. In 1865, Congress chartered Freedmen’s Savings and Trust Bank with business confined to Blacks.
7. In 1865, The Freeman’s Bureau was established by Congress. The bureau was designed to protect the interests of former slaves. This included helping them to find new employment and to improve educational and health facilities. In the year that followed the bureau spent $17,000,000 establishing 4,000 schools.
8. In 1869, The 38th and 41st Infantry regiments were joined and became the 24th Infantry Regiment, the third of four proposed African American regiments in the U.S. Army. Following the Civil War the regiment was posted in Texas from 1869 to 1880.
9. In 1869, University of South Carolina opened to all races. Two African Americans, B.A. Boseman and Francis L. Cardozo were elected to a seven-man board of trustees.
10. In 1886, Robert F. Flemming, Jr. received patent for a guitar.
11. In 1947, Louis Jordan’s “Ain’t Nobody Here But Us Chickens” is the #1 R&B Single.
12. In 1963, COINTELPRO, A memorandum sent to field offices of the FBI set goals for what was termed as a new “counterintelligence program” against African American Nationalist groups. The objective was to block attempts by targeted groups to coalesce, grow and exist. The agency believed unity was the “first step toward a Mau-Mau-style uprising” in the United States and the beginning of a “Black Revolution.” The FBI hierarchy further believed their efforts would prevent the rise of a “Black Messiah” who could unify and “electrify” the masses. Top candidates for this leadership position were Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr. Both Men were eventually assassinated.
13. In 1991, a group of white LA police severely beat Rodney King for speeding in a Yugo.
14. In 2002, Roberta Flack’s “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face” is named Song and Record of the Year at the Grammys.
15. In 2020, Manuel “Mannie” Elijah Ellis a 33-year-old black man, died while in handcuffs, after being restrained by officers on the ground. The county medical examiner ruled his death a homicide while in police custody. Video footage of the violent arrest emerged showing Tacoma police officers beating Ellis on the side of the road. The footage also shows officers telling him to “just put your hands behind your back” while they are already on top of him.