Archive for the ‘Black Troops’ Category
1. Roscoe Robinson, Jr., was a four-star general in the United States Army. He attended St. Louis University for only a year and then transferred to the United States Military Academyat West Point in 1947. Robinson graduated with a degree in military engineering in 1951. After graduating he served in the Korean War in 1952 as a platoon leader and rifle company commander. For his actions he received the Bronze Star. Sent back to the United States a year later he became an instructor in the Airborne Department of the United States Army Infantry School. Robinson then went on to graduate from theCommand and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1963. The following year he received his masters degree from the University of Pittsburgh in international affairs. In 1967 he served as battalion commander in Vietnam. For his achievements there he received the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, 11 Air Medals, and two Silver Stars.
After Vietnam he served at the National War College for three years as the executive officer to the Chief of Staff. He was promoted to Brigadier General and in 1975 became Commanding General of the United States Army Garrison, Okinawa. He also commanded America’s Guard of Honor, the 82nd Airborne Division, as a Major General at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in 1976 and was renowned for earning the love and respect of his men, his fellow Paratroopers, during his Command – which was noteworthy for, General Robinson was, the first African-American to Command The All-American Division. His final assignment was as U.S. Military Representative to the NATO Military Committee from 1982-1985. After he had completed 34 years of service to the U.S. military he retired in 1985. He was then awarded with the Defense Distinguished Service Medal and two Distinguished Service Medals. After his retirement, he was asked to look over a panel of people who were examining the Korean War performance of some highly criticized army units. He also served on the board of Northwest Airlines. In April 2000 there was a ceremony and a dedication at West Point for a new auditorium, named “General Roscoe Robinson, Jr. Auditorium” in his honor. The Roscoe Robinson Health Clinic at Womack Army Medical Center at Fort Bragg is also named in his honor.
2. Art Blakey, known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, Was a jazz drummer and bandleader. Along with Kenny Clarke and Max Roach, he was one of the inventors of the modern bebop style of drumming. He is known as a powerful musician and a vital groover; his brand of bluesy, funky hard bop was and continues to be profoundly influential on mainstream jazz. For more than 30 years his band, Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers included many young musicians who went on to become prominent names in jazz. The band’s legacy is thus not only known for the often exceptionally fine music it produced, but as a proving ground for several generations of jazz musicians; Blakey’s groups are matched only by those ofMiles Davis in this regard.
3. Earle Hyman, stage, television, and film actor. Hyman is known for his recurring role on The Cosby Show as Cliff’s father, Russell Huxtable.
4. Lester Bowie, was an American jazz trumpet player, Percussionist, Vocalist and composer. He was a member of the AACM, and cofounded the Art Ensemble of Chicago.
5. Curtis Glenn Ford, is a former professional baseball player who played in the Major Leagues from 1985-1990. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies. He briefly played for the Saskatoon Smokin’ Guns of the Prairie Baseball League in 1996. In May 2010, Ford was announced as the new manager of the Springfield Sliders, a wood-bat collegiate baseball team in the Prospect League. The team plays at Lanphier Park in Springfield, Ill.
6. MC Lyte, Rapp Artists who first gained fame in the late 1980s becoming the first solo female rapper to release a full album with 1988’s critically acclaimed Lyte as a Rock.
7. Kimberly Aiken, Youngest Miss America 1994. Aiken was 18 years old when she won the coveted title, and was only the fifth woman of African descent to get the crown. She won Miss Columbia and Miss South Carolina en route to her 1994 Miss America crown.
1. In 1888, O. B. Clare received Patent for Trestle Patent# 390,753
2. In 1888, S. E. Thomas Received Patent for Pipe Connection
3. In 1940, The White House released a statement which said that government “policy is not to intermingle colored and white enlisted personnel in the same regimental organizations.”
4. In 1962, Uganda proclaims it’s independence.
5. In 1974, Frank Robinson became the first Black major league baseball manager.
6. In 1984, W Wilson Goode becomes the 1st African American mayor of Philadelphia
7. In 1991, Korean store owner shoots and kills teenager Latasha Harlins in the back of the head. Despite widespread protests, the store owner is only convicted of 10 years of probation. Her store was firebombed weeks later.
8. In 2009, President Barack Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize for what the Norwegian Nobel Committee called “his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.”
1. In 1861, The Secretary of the Navy authorizes the enlistment of African Americans in the Union Navy. The enlistees could achieve no rank higher than “boys” and receive pay of one ration per day and $10 per month.
2. In 1883, L. C. Bailey received Patent for Combined Truss and Bandage
3. In 1886, Peter “The Black Prince” Jackson wins the Australian heavyweight title, becoming the very first Black man to win a national boxing crown.
4. In 1957, Desegregation of Central High School, Little Rock Arkansas. The nine Black Students are known as the Little Rock Nine.
5. In 1962, Another Black Church Destroyed, A Black church was destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia. This was the eighth church burned in Georgia since August 15.
6. In 1962, Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round to become the world heavyweight boxing champion.
7. In 1962, The Continuing Struggle, Governor Barnett again defied court orders and personally denied Meredith admission to the University.
8. In 1974, Barbara W Hancock becomes the first Black woman named a White House fellow.
9. In 1975, “It Only Takes a Minute” by Tavares is #1 Black chart single
10. In 1991, Spencer Williams’s 1942 movie Blood of Jesus is among the third group of 25 films added to the Library of Congress’s National Film Registry.
1. In 1891, W. Queen Received Patent for Guard for companion ways & hatches
2. In 1951, The Five Keys make their chart debut with (The Glory of Love).
3. In 1963, James Meredith graduates from University of Mississippi. His graduation was unmarred by the protests and violence that marked his federally forced admission to the once-segregated institution.
4. In 1964, South Africa was banned from the Olympic Games because of its apartheid policies.
5. In 1976, Vice Admiral Samuel L. Garvely Jr. assumed command of the U.S. Third Fleet.
1. In 1881, 129 Years ago Today, African American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Ga.
2. In 1892, 118 Years ago Today, First issue of Baltimore Afro-American Newspaper goes on sale.
3. In 1895, 115 Years ago Today, L. A. Russell Received Patent for Guard Attachment for beds.
4. In 1906, 104 Years ago Today, Black soldiers raided Brownsville, Texas, in retaliation for racial insults. One white man killed, two wounded.
2. Robert Brown Elliott, Member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina
3. John Rosamond Johnson, with Bob Cole, of the famous vaudeville team Cole & Johnson. Best remembered as a composer who, with his brother James Weldon Johnson providing the lyrics, will write “Lift Every Voice and Sing.”
4. Sam Collins, Blues Artist and guitarist, sometimes known as Crying Sam Collins, His best known recording was “The Jail House Blues”
5. Alex Haley, Writer, award-winning author (Roots won Pulitzer Prize/Malcolm X Bio.)
6. Carl T. Rowan, Commissioned as a naval officer in WWII
7. Otis Taylor, college and professional American football player, for Prairie View A&M University and the American Football League’s Kansas City Chiefs. Standing 6-foot-3 and weighing 215 pounds, Taylor possessed sure hands and served as a devastating upfield blocker, springing Chiefs running backs for many long runs.
8. Yusef Komunyakaa, Poet who currently teaches at New York University and is a famous member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. Komunyakaa is a recipient of the 1994 Kingsley Tufts Poetry Award, for Neon Vernacular” and the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. He also received the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize.
9. Miguel A. Nunez Jr., Actor,He is best known for his supporting roles in The Return of the Living Dead and Life and a leading role in Juwanna Mann.
10. Chris Kelly of Rapp Group KrisKros (Jump)
1. In 1835, Mob of white citizens and a hundred yoke of oxen pulled a Black school to a swamp outside the town of Canaan, New Hampshire.
2. In 1910, L. H. Latimer received Patent for Lamp Fixture
3. In 1934, The first issues of The Minnesota Spokesman Recorder was sold to the public. This was one of the first African-American owned Newspapers in Minnesota. Originally known as the Minneapolis Spokesman, it was the brainchild of publisher Cecil Newman. On the date of its first issue in a box at the upper left of the front page was the message “A News Medium Worth While.”
4. In 1954, Percy L. Julian received Patent for Preparation of Cortisone
5. In 1981, The Coca-Cola Bottling Company agreed to pump $34 million into Black businesses and the Black community, ending a national boycott called by PUSH.
6. In 1984, Olympic athlete Carl Lewis repeats Jesse Owens’ record by winning his fourth gold medal in the Los Angeles Olympic Games.
7. In 1985, Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (including every Beatle song) for $ 47 million.
8. In 1989, Colin L. Powell, Four-Star General, was nominated by President George Bush To Become The First Black Chairman Of The U.S. Joint Chief Of Staff
1. In 1795, Absalom Jones is ordained a deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church.
2. In 1854, Congress passed Confiscation Act, authorizing the appropriation of the property, including slaves, of rebel slaveholders.
3. In 1870, In one of the most brazenly racist incidents of the post-Civil War period, white conservatives and racists employ assassinations and widespread violence to suppress the black vote and take control of the Tennessee legislature from a coalition of blacks and progressive whites. The violence and the election effectively ended Reconstruction in the state.
4. In 1872, Elijah McCoy received Patent for Lubricator for steam engines
5. In 1925, African American lawyers organize the National Bar Association and name George H. Woodson of Des Moines, Iowa, as President, and Wendell Gree of Chicago, Illinois, as Secretary.
6. In 1934, United States troops leave Haiti, which it had occupied since 1915.
7. In 1941, Blacks started being inducted into the U.S. military in April 1941, resulting in a series of violent incidents between black soldiers and white soldiers and between black soldiers and white civilians.
The first major incident takes place on this day in August 1941. A group of black soldiers board a bus in Fayetteville, N. C., headed to Ft. Bragg. The white driver complains they are being “rowdy” and asks for help from the military police (MPs). The MPs arrive and begin hitting the blacks with nightsticks. One of the black men grabs an MP’s gun and begins shooting. Additional fighting and shooting break out. When the dust settled, one black private and one white MP were dead and two whites and three blacks had been wounded.
This is the first of a series of serious racial incidents (between African American and white soldiers and African American soldiers and white civilians) which will continue throughout the war.
8. In 1952, Satchel Paige, at age 46, becomes the oldest pitcher to complete a major-league baseball game. Paige, pitching for the Cleveland Indians, shuts out the Detroit Tigers 1-0 in a 12-inning game.
9. In 1962, Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule.
10. In 1963, Little Stevie Wonder’s “Fingertips, Part 2” is the #1 Soul chart hit.
11. In 1965, The Voting Rights Act is signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in the same room that Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., and a host of others witness the signing of the act, which suspends the use of literary tests and calls for federal examiners to ensure fair elections in the South.
12. In 1969, The Learning Tree, directed by Gordon Parks, Jr., premieres. The film is the first directed by an African American in modern times.
13. In 1973, Stevie Wonder is nearly killed in an automobile accident near Durham, North Carolina, where he was to perform in a benefit concert. Wonder suffers severe brain contusions and a fractured skull and will be in a coma for ten days as a result of his injuries.
14. In 1984, Carl Lewis wins 2nd (long jump) of 4 gold medals in the Summer Olympics.
15. In 1988, Once accused by African American artists of racism, MTV, the 24-hour cable music channel, premieres “Yo! MTV Raps.” It will become one of the station’s most popular programs.
16. In 1994, In Wedowee, Alabama, an apparent arson fire destroys Randolph County High School, which had been the focus of tensions over the principal’s stand against interracial dating.
17. In 1996, Officials announce that the Air Force had punished 16 officers in connection with the crash that killed Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others the previous April.
18. In 2009, President Barack Obama Signed The Cash For Clunkers Extention Bill
1. In 1864, John Lawson, a Black gunner on flagship of Admiral David Farragut, exhibited marked courage in Battle of Mobile Bay and won a Congressional Medal of Honor.
2. In 1879, William Bailes received Patent for Ladder scaffold-support
3. In 1892, Harriet Tubman receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy, and scout during the Civil War.
4. In 1930, Solomon Harper received Patent for Electric Hair Treatment
5. In 1957, Lee Andrews and the Hearts make their chart debut with “long, Lonely Nights.”
6. In 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested near Howick, South Africa, and charged with incitement; he received a five-year sentence later in the year.
7. In 1968, Senator Edward Brooke named temporary chairman of Republican National Convention, Miami, Florida.
8. In 1984, Edwin Moses wins a gold medal in the 400 meter hurdles in the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles.
9. In 1984, Evelyn Ashford wins a gold medal in the 100-meter race in the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles.