Archive for the ‘Black Preachers’ Category
1. In 1836, Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree in US.
2. In 1867, The first Reconstruction Constitutional Convention takes place in Montgomery, Ala. In attendance were 90 whites and 18 blacks. Reconstruction would bring forth a period of tremendous political and educational advancement for ex-slaves after the Civil War. But Reconstruction was significantly undermined by the Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877 and the beginning of the anti-black Jim Crow period.
3. In 1926, Negro History Week is started by black historian Carter G. Woodson. It would later grow into the current Black History Month which takes place each February in the United States. In England Black History Month takes place in October. Woodson (1875 – 1950) is recognized as the “Father of Black History Month.”
4. In 1956, The Nat King Cole Show, the first black-hosted network television variety show, debuts. The show began with just 15 minutes and later expanded to half-an-hour but was pulled in 1957 for lack of advertiser support.
5. In 1968, Louis Stokes is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
6. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S.
7. In 1974, Walter Washington becomes the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C. as the predominantly black city gains limited voting rights.Congress.
8. In 1974, George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US (Colorado).
9. In 1989, Civil Rights Memorial dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who died during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v. Board decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial serves as a vehicle for education and reflection about the struggle for equality.
1. in 1820, Irish Catholics bring Halloween to America where it first gains popularity among the lower classes and becomes heavily influenced by both American Indian and slave superstitions.
2. In 1893, C. B. Brooks received Patent for Punch
3. In 1893, Football player, William Henry Lewis, named All-American, 1893
4. In 1893, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Electric railway supply system
5. In 1899, W. F. Burr, patents Railway Switching device. Patent # 636,197
6. In 1945, Educator, Booker T Washington, inducted into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans.
7. In 1954, M. L. King becomes the twentieth pastor of Dexter Ave. Church.
8. In 1969, Riot, Jacksonville, Florida
9. In 2008, Evolver, by John Legend Top R&B Album
10. In 2008, If I Were A Boy, by Beyonce Is top R&B Download
1. Edith Spurlock Sampson, was a Lawyer and judge, and the first Black Woman Delegate appointed to the United Nations. She studied law while working as a social worker in Chicago, taking night courses at John Marshall Law School,
2. Arnaud Wendell Bontemps, Was a Writer (100 years of Negro Freedom), Poet and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.
3. Art Tatum, jazz pianist and virtuoso who played with phenomenal facility despite being nearly blind. Tatum is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. He came from a musical family and when younger had some formal training at the Toledo School of Music, however he was largely self-taught. His teacher there recognized his talents and tried to steer him towards as a career as a classical concert pianist. Tatum was more interested in the music of Fats Waller, which would be a strong influence on his music. At 18 he was playing interludes at a local radio station and within a short period of time he had his own show. In 1932 he was heard by the singer Adelaide Hall who brought him to New York as her accompanist. One year later he made his first recordings, among which was “Tiger Rag”. This song which features breakneck tempo and rippling left- and right-hand cascades and crashing bass notes had every pianist in the country amazed by his astonishing dexterity. While in New York he established his reputation in “cutting contests” with other top pianists, which he never lost. He spent the next few years playing in Cleveland, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles and even England in 1938. During this time he established himself as a major figure in jazz circles. In the early 1940s Tatum formed an extremely popular trio with bassist Slam Stewart and guitarist Tiny Grimes. He spent much of the next decade touring North America. In 1953 Tatum signed by producer Norman Granz and recorded extensively both as a soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, Buddy De Franco, Roy Eldridge, Lionel Hampton, Ben Webster and others. His incredible talent allowed him to be extremely productive during this time. Ray Spencer in his biography, noted that Tatum was constantly “refining and honing down after each performance until an ideal version remained needing no further adjustments”. This allowed him to achieve a remarkable work rate. For example, his solo sessions for Granz were mostly completed in two days. That is a total of 69 tracks and all but three of them needed only one take.
4. Jesse Leroy Brown, was the first African-American naval aviator in the United States Navy. Brown enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1946 and was appointed a Midshipman, at the Ohio State University NROTC the following year. After attending Navy pre-flight school and flight training, he was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1948. Midshipman Brown was then assigned to Fighter Squadron 32. He received his commission as Ensign in April 1949.
5. Ray Brown, Jazz Bassist, had piano lessons from the age of eight. After noticing how many pianists attended his high school, he thought of taking up the trombone, but was unable to afford one. With a vacancy in the high school jazz orchestra, he took up the upright bass.
6. Shirley Caesar, Evangelist, Gospel Singer, songwriter and recording artist whose career has spanned six decades. A multi-award winning artist, with eleven Grammy Awards and seven Dove Awards to her credit, she is known as “First Lady of gospel”.
7. Pharaoh Sanders, is a Grammy Award–winning American jazz saxophonist. Emerging from John Coltrane’s groups of the mid-60s Sanders is known for his overblowing, harmonic, and multi phonic techniques on the saxophone, as well as his use of “sheets of sound.”
8. Demond Wilson, is an actor, author, and pastor. He is best known for his role opposite Redd Foxx as Fred Sanford’s son, Lamont Sanford, in the 1970s NBC-TV sitcom Sanford and Son.
9. Reggie Theus, is an assistant coach for the Minnesota Timberwolves. He is also a retired basketball player and the former head coach for the NBA’s Sacramento Kings.
10. Jerry Rice, is a retired football wide receiver. He is generally regarded as the greatest wide receiver of all time and one of the greatest players in National Football League history. On November 4, 2010, Rice was chosen by NFL Network’s NFL Films production The Top 100: NFL’s Greatest Players as the greatest player in NFL history.
The all-time leader in most major statistical categories for wide receivers and the all-time NFL leader in touchdowns scored with 208, Rice was selected to the Pro Bowl 13 times (1986–1996, 1998, 2002) and named All-Pro 11 times in his 20 NFL seasons. He won three Super Bowl rings playing for the San Francisco 49ers and an AFC Championship with the Oakland Raiders.
11. Tisha Michelle Campbell-Martin, is an actress and singer, known for her starring roles in television series Martin and My Wife and Kids and now is starring in the new television series “The Protector”. Apart from her achievements in television, she also has notable accomplishments in film (including the House Party franchise), theater, and music.
12. Ashanti, Ashanti Shequoiya Douglas, Rapp and R&B recording artist, record producer and actress who rose to fame in the early 2000s and then largely faded from view. Ashanti is most famous for her eponymous debut album, which featured the hit song “Foolish”, and sold over 503,000 copies in its first week of release throughout the U.S. in April 2002. The album set a Soundscan record as the biggest opening week sales for a new female artist. In the same week, she became the first female performer to simultaneously hold the top two places on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart with “Foolish”, and “What’s Luv?” (with Fat Joe). Ashanti broke records again by having three top ten songs, “Foolish,” “What’s Luv?” and “Always on Time”, on the Billboard Hot 100 charts in the same week, being the first woman to accomplish this feat. In 2003, the self-titled debut album won Ashanti her first Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B album. As of 2011, she has sold more than 30 million albums.
1. William Sill, Chronicler of The Underground Railroad Records, abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist.
2. Sargent Claude Johnson, Harlem Renaissance Sculptor, was one of the first Californian African-American artists to achieve a national reputation. He was known for Abstract Figurative and Early Modern styles. He was a painter, potter, ceramist, printmaker, graphic artist, sculptor, and carver. He worked with a variety of media, including ceramic, clay, oil, stone, terra-cotta, watercolor, and wood.
3. Clarence Muse, an actor, screenwriter, director, composer, and lawyer. He was inducted in the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame in 1973. Muse was the first African American to “star” in a film. He acted for more than sixty years, and appeared in more than 218 movies.
4. Elijah Muhammad (born Elijah Robert Poole), was a religious leader, and led the Nation of Islam from 1934 until his death in 1975. Muhammad was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Muhammad Ali; and his son Warith Deen Mohammed.
5. Desmond Tutu, is a South African activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. He was the first black South African Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa and primate of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa (now the Anglican Church of Southern Africa).
6. Toni Braxton, R&B singer, songwriter and actress. Braxton has won six Grammy Awards, seven American Music Awards, and five Billboard Music Awards and has sold over 60 million records worldwide.
7. Omar Benson Miller, actor. He has played minor roles in various television shows and movies, including Sex, Love & Secrets, American Pie Presents: Band Camp, Get Rich Or Die Tryin’, The Express, Transformers and 8 Mile.
Miller has signed on as a CSI: Miami regular. Starting October 5, 2009, Miller is appearing on the crime drama as Walter Simmons, a Louisiana native and art theft specialist who joins the team led by Horatio (David Caruso).
1. In 1878, W. R. Davis Jr. received Patent for Library Table
2. In 1935, World Heavyweight Champion, Joe Louis, becomes the first Black boxer to draw a million dollar gate.
3. In 1962, The Fight For Meredith’s Education, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered Board of Higher Education of Mississippi to admit Meredith to the university or be held in contempt.
4. In 1965, Executive Order 11246 enforces affirmative action for the first time Issued by President Johnson.
5. In 1977, John T. Walker installed as the first Black bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Washington.
6. In 1986, Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone said the United States “intelligence levels are lower than those in Japan because of African Americans, Hispanics and Puerto Ricans.
7. In 1988, Barbara C. Harris, an ordained priest of the Philadelphia Church of the Advocate, was elected a bishop in the Episcopal Church.
1. James Forten, abolitionist and wealthy businessman. He worked at many jobs, including dentist, carpenter, pastor and minuteman. Little known today but during that period he was one of the most prominent black men in America. Born free in Philadelphia, he became a fierce anti-slavery activist, an inventor and successful businessman. In fact, the sail-making company he founded made him one of the wealthiest black men in the nation. Forten and AME Church founder Richard Allen organized the First Convention of Color in 1817. He went back and forth on the issue of “re-Africanization” which called for the return of blacks to Africa. He financially supported Paul Cuffee’s venture in the West African nation of Sierra Leone but he later turned against the American Colonization Society and its efforts to return free American blacks to the West African nation of Liberia.
2. Horace Silver, Jazz pianist and composer, Silver is known for his distinctive humorous and funky playing style and for his pioneering compositional contributions to hard bop. He was influenced by a wide range of musical styles, notably gospel music, African music, and Latin American music and sometimes ventured into the soul jazz genre.
3. Joe Simon, chart-topping, soul and R&B artist, Grammy Award in 1970 for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance.
4. Nathaniel “Tiny” Archibald, retired American professional basketball player. He spent 14 years playing in the NBA, most notably with the Kansas City Kings and Boston Celtics. Archibald was a willing passer and an adequate shooter from midrange. However, it was his blinding quickness and incredible speed and shiftiness that made him extremely difficult to guard in the open court, as he would regularly drive right past helpless defenders on his way to the hoop. Once in the paint, Archibald was a veritable triple threat to either pass, lay the ball in or shoot for two points.
5. William Everett “Billy” Preston, Musician who gained notoriety and fame, first as a session musician for the likes of Sam Cooke, Ray Charles and The Beatles, and later finding fame as a solo artist with hits such as “Outta Space”, “Space Race”, “Will It Go Round in Circles” and “Nothing from Nothing”.
Alongside Tony Sheridan, Billy Preston was the only other musician to be credited on a Beatles recording after he was credited on the group’s number-one hit, “Get Back”, with the record title listed as The Beatles with Billy Preston.
6. John R. Thompson, Jr., is an American former basketball coach for the Georgetown University Hoyas. He is now a professional radio and TV sports commentator. In 1984, he became the first African American head coach to win a major collegiate championship, capturing the NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championship when Georgetown defeated the University of Houston 84–75.
1. In 1795, Absalom Jones is ordained a deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church.
2. In 1854, Congress passed Confiscation Act, authorizing the appropriation of the property, including slaves, of rebel slaveholders.
3. In 1870, In one of the most brazenly racist incidents of the post-Civil War period, white conservatives and racists employ assassinations and widespread violence to suppress the black vote and take control of the Tennessee legislature from a coalition of blacks and progressive whites. The violence and the election effectively ended Reconstruction in the state.
4. In 1872, Elijah McCoy received Patent for Lubricator for steam engines
5. In 1925, African American lawyers organize the National Bar Association and name George H. Woodson of Des Moines, Iowa, as President, and Wendell Gree of Chicago, Illinois, as Secretary.
6. In 1934, United States troops leave Haiti, which it had occupied since 1915.
7. In 1941, Blacks started being inducted into the U.S. military in April 1941, resulting in a series of violent incidents between black soldiers and white soldiers and between black soldiers and white civilians.
The first major incident takes place on this day in August 1941. A group of black soldiers board a bus in Fayetteville, N. C., headed to Ft. Bragg. The white driver complains they are being “rowdy” and asks for help from the military police (MPs). The MPs arrive and begin hitting the blacks with nightsticks. One of the black men grabs an MP’s gun and begins shooting. Additional fighting and shooting break out. When the dust settled, one black private and one white MP were dead and two whites and three blacks had been wounded.
This is the first of a series of serious racial incidents (between African American and white soldiers and African American soldiers and white civilians) which will continue throughout the war.
8. In 1952, Satchel Paige, at age 46, becomes the oldest pitcher to complete a major-league baseball game. Paige, pitching for the Cleveland Indians, shuts out the Detroit Tigers 1-0 in a 12-inning game.
9. In 1962, Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule.
10. In 1963, Little Stevie Wonder’s “Fingertips, Part 2” is the #1 Soul chart hit.
11. In 1965, The Voting Rights Act is signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in the same room that Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., and a host of others witness the signing of the act, which suspends the use of literary tests and calls for federal examiners to ensure fair elections in the South.
12. In 1969, The Learning Tree, directed by Gordon Parks, Jr., premieres. The film is the first directed by an African American in modern times.
13. In 1973, Stevie Wonder is nearly killed in an automobile accident near Durham, North Carolina, where he was to perform in a benefit concert. Wonder suffers severe brain contusions and a fractured skull and will be in a coma for ten days as a result of his injuries.
14. In 1984, Carl Lewis wins 2nd (long jump) of 4 gold medals in the Summer Olympics.
15. In 1988, Once accused by African American artists of racism, MTV, the 24-hour cable music channel, premieres “Yo! MTV Raps.” It will become one of the station’s most popular programs.
16. In 1994, In Wedowee, Alabama, an apparent arson fire destroys Randolph County High School, which had been the focus of tensions over the principal’s stand against interracial dating.
17. In 1996, Officials announce that the Air Force had punished 16 officers in connection with the crash that killed Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others the previous April.
18. In 2009, President Barack Obama Signed The Cash For Clunkers Extention Bill
1. In 1865, The provisional governor of Florida abolishes slavery by proclamation.
2. In 1897, C. V. Richey Received Patent for Railroad Switch
3. In 1897, L. P. Ray, received Patent for Dust pan
4. In 1908, A site plan for the town of Allensworth, California, is filed with the Tulare County recorder. The town is founded by African American Allen Allensworth, “in order to enable black people to live on an equity [basis] with whites and to encourage industry and thrift in the race.”
5. In 1928, William A. Scott, III, founds the “Atlanta World” newspaper. It will become a bi-weekly in 1930 and on March 13, 1932, will become the “Atlanta Daily World,” the first African American daily newspaper in modern times.
6. In 1937, The Golden Gate Quartet records “Gospel Train”
7. In 1937, Wings Over Jordan Choir founded. This group was organized by the Rev Glen T. Settles in Cleveland, Ohio and was perhaps the most beautiful sounding of all Gospel choirs.
8. In 1951, The Swallows make their chart debut “It ain’t the Meat, It is the Motion”
9. In 1956, Willie Williams of the United States sets the then 100 meter record at 10.1 seconds.
10. In 1957, Archibald J. Carey, Chicago minister and attorney, is appointed the first African American chairman of the President’s Committee on Government Employment Policy.
11. In 1960, The Republic of Niger achieves its independence from France.
12. In 1970, Two thousand delegates and observers attend the Congress of African Peoples convention in Atlanta, Georgia.
13. In 1972, The Federal Communications Commission upholds a political candidate’s right to broadcast paid commercials with racist content if such broadcast presents no danger of violence or incitement to violence.
14. In 1986, The United States Senate overrode President Ronald Reagan’s veto of legislation imposing economic sanctions against South Africa.
15. In 1989, Rickey Henderson sets American League mark of 50 stolen bases in nine seasons.