Archive for the ‘Black Organizations’ Category
1. In 1787, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized Philadelphia’s Free African Society which Du Bois called “the first wavering step of a people toward a more organized social life.”
2. In 1861, Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC
3. In 1861, Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor.
4. In 1864, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tenn., and massacred the inhabitants, sparing, the official report said, neither soldier nor civilian, Black nor white, male or female.
5. In 1869, Black students occupied administration building at Boston University in demand for Afro-American history courses and additional Black students.
6. In 1869, North Carolina legislature passed anti-Klan Law.
7. In 1975, Leontyne Price, opera singer, is awarded The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
8. In 2003, Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, the first Black female Prisoner of War, is rescued.
In 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.
1. In 1775, Lord Dunmore, deposed royal governor of Virginia, issued proclamation which promised freedom to male slaves who joined the British army.
2. In 1876, Edward A. Bouchet received the Ph.D. degree in physics at Yale University and became the first Black to receive a doctorate at an American University.
3. In 1876, Edward Bannister, the first Black artist to win wide critical acclaim, awarded prize at Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his work, Under the Oak.
4. In 1876, The disputed presidential election which changed the course of black history occurs. The dispute led to the Hayes-Tilden Compromise. In order to be declared president Republican Rutherford B. Hayes reached an agreement with southern Democrats which had the effect of ending much of Reconstruction and the protection of black rights. The Jim Crow era began with “black codes” and other measures which severely limited black rights. Many of these rights were not restored until the 1960’s.
5. In 1909, Knights and Ladies of St. Peter Claver organized in Mobile, Alabama, by four Posephite priests and three Catholic laymen.
6. In 1934, Arthur L. Mitchell defeated Oscar DePriest in a Chicago election and became the first Black Democratic congressman.
7. In 1955, Supreme Court in Baltimore case banned segregation in public recreational facilities.
8. In 1963, Elston Howard, New York Yankees Star catcher, became the first Black to win the American League Most Valuable Player Award.
9. In 1964, Little Anthony and the Imperials’ “Goin’ Out of My Head,” a vocal-group soul classic, enters the Billboard chart, where it will peak in the Top Ten.
10. In 1967, Carl B. Stokes is elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.
11. In 1967, Richard Hatcher was elected the first Black mayor of Gary, IN.
12. In 1989, Lawrence Douglas Wilder became first Black Governor in the US (Virginia).
13. In 1991, Rock legend Jimi Hendrix was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
14. In 2007, Michael Nutter, Elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is Philadelphia’s third African American mayor.
1. In 1604, William Shakespeare’s great play “Othello” was first performed at Whitehall Palace in London. It is the earliest known European play with a black lead character.
2. In 1866, America’s first Civil Rights Act is passed over the veto of President Andrew Johnson.
3. . In 1898, C. W. Allen received Patent for Self- Leveling Table
4. In 1910, Scholar and political activist W.E.B. DuBois began publication of NAACP monthly magazine the Crisis.
5. In 1945, First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H. Johnson.
6. In 1951, Jet Magazine founded by Ebony Magazine Publisher J. H. Johnson.
7. In 1989, David Dinkins elected mayor of New York City.
8. in 1991, Clarence Thomas takes his seat on the United States Supreme Court.
1. In 1954, Defense Department eliminated segregated regiments.
2. In 1956, Mayor Gayle of Montgomery, Alabama looks for legal ways to stop carpools utilized by the organizers of the Montgomery Boycott.
3. In 1966, The Black Panther Party is founded in California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The full name was the Black Panther Party for Self Defense. It was formed in large measure to bring attention to and combat brutality against blacks by the Oakland, Ca., Police Department.
4. In 1974, Muhammad Ali defeats George Foreman for the heavyweight boxing title. The fight took place in Zaire, now the Congo, and was billed as the “Rumble in the Jungle.”
5. In 1991, BET Holdings, Inc. sells 4.2 million shares of stock in an initial public offering, becoming the first black company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Co-founder Bob Johnson has since sold the company to the media giant, Viacom. Black Entertainment Television is pay television channel targeting African American audiences.
6. In 2009, President Obama Signs Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009
1. In 1888, 122 Years ago Today, A. B. Blackburn received Patent for Cash carrier
2. In 1947, 63 Years ago Today, NAACP petition on racism, “An Appeal to the World,” presented to United Nations.
3. In 1989, Charles Stuart (A White Man), shot and killed his pregnant wife, Carol Stuart. His accusation that a black man was responsible inflamed racial tensions in Boston.
1. Bobby Seale , As cofounder and Chairman of the Black Panther Party, Bobby Seale was an important leader of the Black Power movement. Born in Texas, Seale joined thousands of African Americans when his family migrated to Oakland during World War II. At the age of 18, Seale joined the Air Force. He returned to Oakland and began attending Merritt College, where he majored in engineering . At Merritt is where he first met Huey P. Newton. Inspired by Malcolm X, independence movements in Africa, and anti-colonialist intellectuals such as Frantz Fanon, he founded with Newton in 1966 the Black Panther Party for Self Defense.
While working at a War on Poverty program, he and Newton wrote a ten-point program that outlined the outlook and goals of the BPP. The Ten-Point program demanded that blacks have the “power to determine the destiny of our Black Community.” Control of their own community would allow blacks to gain “land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace.”
2. Gerald Young, was a Major League Baseball outfielder. He was noted for his long strides and blazing speed, and although considered somewhat of a “hot dog” because of what appeared to be a lackadaisical style (including unnecessary basket catches), he was considered one of the best defensive center fielders of his time.
Young was drafted in the 5th round of the 1982 MLB amateur draft by the New York Mets along with Rafael Palmeiro and Dwight Gooden as part of a draft class that set a major league record for a single team when 12 of those players reached the major leagues.
1. In 1898, The North Carolina Mutual and Provident Insurance Company is founded by John Merrick. The Company grows into the largest black-owned insurance firm in America.
2. In 1979, John Tate Won the vacant WBA heavyweight title, beating Gerrie Coetzee in Pretoria, South Africa.
3. In 2020, Marcellis Stinnette 19, was a passenger in his girlfriend Tafara Williams’ vehicle. the officer exited his vehicle then pulled out his duty weapon and fired into the vehicle killing Stinnette and wounding Williams.
1. In 1787, Led by Prince Hall, free Boston blacks petition the Massachusetts legislature for equal school facilities for African-American children. In addition to spreading Freemasonry among blacks, Hall became the most prominent black leader of the period.
2. In 1871, President Ulysses Grant suspends the writ of habeas corpus in nine South Carolina counties in order to combat a Ku Klux Klan terror campaign against blacks and some progressive whites. Grant’s forces crushed the Klan during this period. It would not rise again until the 1920s.
3. In 1888, The nation’s first black bank, Capital Savings, is chartered in Washington, D.C., by a group known as the Order of the True Reformers. The now little known but once influential group set up chapters throughout the South and advocated black self-help and the establishment of black-owned businesses. The founder was William Washington Browne, a Methodist minister from Richmond, Va.
4. In 1969, Dr. Clifton R. Wharton becomes the first black in the 20th century to head a major, predominantly white university when he is named president of Michigan State University.
5. In 1988, Pearl Bailey Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
6. In 2018 Charles (Chop) Roundtree Jr., 18, was murdered while setting on the couch in his living room by a cop who didn’t identify himself as such. He was shot it the chess and killed by San Antonio Police Department Officer Steve Casanova
1. In 1849, Avery College established in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Rev Charles Avery established the Allegheny Institute and Mission Church north of Pittsburgh, with the aim of offering elementary and advanced education to qualified African-American students without regard to sex. Both the racial and the coeducational features of the program were controversial, and the school’s connection to Pittsburgh’s A.M.E. Zion Church assured a strong religious influence in the officially nonsectarian institute. (Religious affiliation was not to be a consideration in admission decisions, but instructors were expected to be professing Christians.)
2. In 1855, John Mercer Langston, probably the first black elected to public office in America, wins the race for clerk of the Brownhelm Township, Lorain County, Ohio.
3. In 1859, Harpers Ferry Insurrection.
4. In 1883, S. E. Thomas Received Patent for Waste Trap
5. In 1895, The nation’s leading African American medical group, the National Medical Association, is founded in Atlanta.
6. In 1901, Booker T. Washington becomes the first black leader to dine at the White House with the president when Theodore Roosevelt invites him. Some black leaders charge Washington’s invitation was a result of his policies that they charge tended to accommodate racism. Nevertheless, the invitation and dinner served to crown Washington as the black leader of the period.
7. In 1940, Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. was named the first Black General in The U.S. Army.
8. In 1968, Sprinters John Carlos and Tommie Smith give the clenched-fist black power salute when accepting their medals at the Mexico City Olympics as a protest against racism in America. The white Australian sprinter in the historic picture also wore a human rights badge in support of their protest.
9. In 1973, Maynard Jackson, elected mayor of Atlanta. He served three terms, two consecutive terms from 1974 until 1982 and a third term from 1990 to 1994. He became the first African American mayor of Atlanta in the same week that Coleman Young became the first African-American mayor of Detroit.
10. In 1984, Archbishop Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end white-minority rule in South Africa.
11. In 1995, Nation of Islam leader, Minister Louis Farrakhan, leads the Million Man March to the Nation’s Capital in Washington, D.C. Over a million black men gather to “atone” and organize.