Archive for the ‘Black Judges’ Category
1. In 1883, U.S. Supreme Court declared Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1875
This decision was spurred by the end of Reconstruction and helped to usher in the Jim Crow era in the South whereby black rights won during Reconstruction were taken away.
2. In 1949, William Hastie nominated for the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. He was the first Black to sit on the court.
3. In 1968, Wyomia Tyus becomes the first person to win a gold medal in the 100 meter race in two consecutive Olympic games.
4. In 1991, Judge Clarence Thomas is confirmed as the 106th associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1. Edith Spurlock Sampson, was a Lawyer and judge, and the first Black Woman Delegate appointed to the United Nations. She studied law while working as a social worker in Chicago, taking night courses at John Marshall Law School,
2. Arnaud Wendell Bontemps, Was a Writer (100 years of Negro Freedom), Poet and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.
3. Art Tatum, jazz pianist and virtuoso who played with phenomenal facility despite being nearly blind. Tatum is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. He came from a musical family and when younger had some formal training at the Toledo School of Music, however he was largely self-taught. His teacher there recognized his talents and tried to steer him towards as a career as a classical concert pianist. Tatum was more interested in the music of Fats Waller, which would be a strong influence on his music. At 18 he was playing interludes at a local radio station and within a short period of time he had his own show. In 1932 he was heard by the singer Adelaide Hall who brought him to New York as her accompanist. One year later he made his first recordings, among which was “Tiger Rag”. This song which features breakneck tempo and rippling left- and right-hand cascades and crashing bass notes had every pianist in the country amazed by his astonishing dexterity. While in New York he established his reputation in “cutting contests” with other top pianists, which he never lost. He spent the next few years playing in Cleveland, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles and even England in 1938. During this time he established himself as a major figure in jazz circles. In the early 1940s Tatum formed an extremely popular trio with bassist Slam Stewart and guitarist Tiny Grimes. He spent much of the next decade touring North America. In 1953 Tatum signed by producer Norman Granz and recorded extensively both as a soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, Buddy De Franco, Roy Eldridge, Lionel Hampton, Ben Webster and others. His incredible talent allowed him to be extremely productive during this time. Ray Spencer in his biography, noted that Tatum was constantly “refining and honing down after each performance until an ideal version remained needing no further adjustments”. This allowed him to achieve a remarkable work rate. For example, his solo sessions for Granz were mostly completed in two days. That is a total of 69 tracks and all but three of them needed only one take.
4. Jesse Leroy Brown, was the first African-American naval aviator in the United States Navy. Brown enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1946 and was appointed a Midshipman, at the Ohio State University NROTC the following year. After attending Navy pre-flight school and flight training, he was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1948. Midshipman Brown was then assigned to Fighter Squadron 32. He received his commission as Ensign in April 1949.
5. Ray Brown, Jazz Bassist, had piano lessons from the age of eight. After noticing how many pianists attended his high school, he thought of taking up the trombone, but was unable to afford one. With a vacancy in the high school jazz orchestra, he took up the upright bass.
6. Shirley Caesar, Evangelist, Gospel Singer, songwriter and recording artist whose career has spanned six decades. A multi-award winning artist, with eleven Grammy Awards and seven Dove Awards to her credit, she is known as “First Lady of gospel”.
7. Pharaoh Sanders, is a Grammy Award–winning American jazz saxophonist. Emerging from John Coltrane’s groups of the mid-60s Sanders is known for his overblowing, harmonic, and multi phonic techniques on the saxophone, as well as his use of “sheets of sound.”
8. Demond Wilson, is an actor, author, and pastor. He is best known for his role opposite Redd Foxx as Fred Sanford’s son, Lamont Sanford, in the 1970s NBC-TV sitcom Sanford and Son.
9. Reggie Theus, is an assistant coach for the Minnesota Timberwolves. He is also a retired basketball player and the former head coach for the NBA’s Sacramento Kings.
10. Jerry Rice, is a retired football wide receiver. He is generally regarded as the greatest wide receiver of all time and one of the greatest players in National Football League history. On November 4, 2010, Rice was chosen by NFL Network’s NFL Films production The Top 100: NFL’s Greatest Players as the greatest player in NFL history.
The all-time leader in most major statistical categories for wide receivers and the all-time NFL leader in touchdowns scored with 208, Rice was selected to the Pro Bowl 13 times (1986–1996, 1998, 2002) and named All-Pro 11 times in his 20 NFL seasons. He won three Super Bowl rings playing for the San Francisco 49ers and an AFC Championship with the Oakland Raiders.
11. Tisha Michelle Campbell-Martin, is an actress and singer, known for her starring roles in television series Martin and My Wife and Kids and now is starring in the new television series “The Protector”. Apart from her achievements in television, she also has notable accomplishments in film (including the House Party franchise), theater, and music.
12. Ashanti, Ashanti Shequoiya Douglas, Rapp and R&B recording artist, record producer and actress who rose to fame in the early 2000s and then largely faded from view. Ashanti is most famous for her eponymous debut album, which featured the hit song “Foolish”, and sold over 503,000 copies in its first week of release throughout the U.S. in April 2002. The album set a Soundscan record as the biggest opening week sales for a new female artist. In the same week, she became the first female performer to simultaneously hold the top two places on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart with “Foolish”, and “What’s Luv?” (with Fat Joe). Ashanti broke records again by having three top ten songs, “Foolish,” “What’s Luv?” and “Always on Time”, on the Billboard Hot 100 charts in the same week, being the first woman to accomplish this feat. In 2003, the self-titled debut album won Ashanti her first Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B album. As of 2011, she has sold more than 30 million albums.
1. In 1865, North Carolina amends constitution forbidding slavery.
2. In 1888, P. W. Cornwell received Patent for Draft Regulator
3. In 1965, Closing out an incredible year, Little Anthony and the Imperials launch their last Top Forty pop hit, “I Miss You So.”
4. In 1967, Thurgood Marshall sworn in as the first Black Supreme Court Justice.
5. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan appointed Edward J. Perkins ambassador to South Africa
6. In 1986, The U.S. Senate overrides President Ronald Reagan’s veto of legislation imposing economic sanctions on South Africa.
1. In 1899, Elijah McCoy Received Patent for Lawn Sprinkler Design
2. In 1907, The People’s Savings Bank is incorporated in Philadelphia by former African American congressman George H. White of North Carolina.
3. In 1962, A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., becomes the first African American member of the Federal Trade Commission. He was also appointed a federal district judge and U.S. Circuit Judge of the Third Circuit.
4. In 1968, The Studio Museum of Harlem opens in NYC
1. In 1884, J. W. Reed Received Patent for Dough kneader & roller
2. In 1898, Jones & Long received Patent for Caps for Bottles
3. In 1961, Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of appeals by President John F. Kennedy.
4. In 1976, Lou Brock stole a record 935 bases/Major League record holder.
1. In 1966, William Felton (Bill) Russell became the first Black head coach of a major professional sports team (Boston Celtics)
2. In 1975, James Benton Parsons, educator, Lawyer and judge was named chief judge of the Federal District Court in Chicago.
3. In 1977, Alex Haley, author of ROOTS, awarded Pulitzer Prize.
4. In 1983, Alice Walker awarded Pulitzer Prize for The Color Purple.
5. In 1988, Ibrahim Hussein from Kenya Became the first Black Man to win the Boston Marathon. He ran it in 2:08:43 the second fastest in Boston Marathon history.