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Black Page March 21, 2018

march 21 2018

Events In African American History For October 31

1. in 1820, Irish Catholics bring Halloween to America where it first gains popularity among the lower classes and becomes heavily influenced by both American Indian and slave superstitions.

2. In 1893, C. B. Brooks received Patent for Punch

3. In 1893, Football player, William Henry Lewis, named All-American.

4. In 1893, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Electric railway supply system.

5. In 1899, W. F. Burr, patents Railway Switching device. Patent # 636,197

6. In 1945,  Educator, Booker T Washington, inducted into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans.

7. In 1954, M. L. King Jr.  becomes the twentieth pastor of Dexter Ave. Church.

8. In 1969, Riot in Jacksonville, Florida.  a white delivery truck driver thinking his truck is being robbed,  shot a Black Man, Buck Riley in his leg.  When Buck Riley ran, shots were heard by a group realizing  a white man appeared to be shooting at a group of Black children.  The crowd grew quickly, eventually bringing around 300 people into the street.  The unrest took over Florida Avenue, with the crowd tearing apart and setting fire to storefronts and  turning over vehicles.  There were no charges filed against the truck driver or Riley.

9. In 2008, Evolver, by John Legend Top R&B Album

10. In 2008, If I Were A Boy, by Beyonce Is top R&B Download

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For October 13

Edith Spurlock Sampson

1. Edith Spurlock Sampson, was a Lawyer and judge, and the first Black Woman Delegate appointed to the United Nations.  She studied law while working as a social worker in Chicago, taking night courses at John Marshall Law School,

Arna Wendell Bontemps

2. Arnaud Wendell Bontemps, Was a Writer (100 years of Negro Freedom), Poet   and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.

Art Tatum

3. Art Tatum, jazz pianist and virtuoso who played with phenomenal facility despite being nearly blind.  Tatum is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time.  He came from a musical family and when younger had some formal training at the Toledo School of Music, however he was largely self-taught.  His teacher there recognized his talents and tried to steer him towards as a career as a classical concert pianist.  Tatum was more interested in the music of Fats Waller, which would be a strong influence on his music.  At 18 he was playing interludes at a local radio station and within a short period of time he had his own show.  In 1932 he was heard by the singer Adelaide Hall who brought him to New York as her accompanist.  One year later he made his first recordings, among which was “Tiger Rag”. This song which features breakneck tempo and rippling left- and right-hand cascades and crashing bass notes had every pianist in the country amazed by his astonishing dexterity.  While in New York he established his reputation in “cutting contests” with other top pianists, which he never lost.  He spent the next few years playing in Cleveland, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles and even England in 1938.  During this time he established himself as a major figure in jazz circles.  In the early 1940s Tatum formed an extremely popular trio with bassist Slam Stewart and guitarist Tiny Grimes.  He spent much of the next decade touring North America.  In 1953 Tatum signed by producer Norman Granz and recorded extensively both as a soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, soloist and in small groups with Benny Carter, Buddy De Franco, Roy Eldridge, Lionel Hampton, Ben Webster and others.  His incredible talent allowed him to be extremely productive during this time.  Ray Spencer in his biography, noted that Tatum was constantly “refining and honing down after each performance until an ideal version remained needing no further adjustments”.  This allowed him to achieve a remarkable work rate.  For example, his solo sessions for Granz were mostly completed in two days.  That is a total of 69 tracks and all but three of them needed only one take.

Jesse Leroy Brown

4. Jesse Leroy Brown, was the first African-American naval aviator in the United States Navy. Brown enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1946 and was appointed a Midshipman, at the Ohio State University NROTC the following year. After attending Navy pre-flight school and flight training, he was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1948. Midshipman Brown was then assigned to Fighter Squadron 32. He received his commission as Ensign in April 1949.

Ray Brown Musician

5. Ray Brown, Jazz Bassist, had piano lessons from the age of eight. After noticing how many pianists attended his high school, he thought of taking up the trombone, but was unable to afford one. With a vacancy in the high school jazz orchestra, he took up the upright bass. 

Shirley Caesar

6. Shirley Caesar, Evangelist, Gospel Singer, songwriter and recording artist whose career has spanned six decades. A multi-award winning artist, with eleven Grammy Awards and seven Dove Awards to her credit, she is known as “First Lady of gospel”.

Pharoah Sanders

7. Pharaoh Sanders, is a Grammy Award–winning American jazz saxophonist.  Emerging from John Coltrane’s groups of the mid-60s Sanders is known for his overblowing, harmonic, and multi phonic techniques on the saxophone, as well as his use of “sheets of sound.”

Demond Wilson

8. Demond Wilson,  is an actor, author, and pastor. He is best known for his role opposite Redd Foxx as Fred Sanford’s son, Lamont Sanford, in the 1970s NBC-TV sitcom Sanford and Son.

Reggie Theus

9. Reggie Theus, is an assistant coach for the Minnesota Timberwolves. He is also a retired basketball player and the former head coach for the NBA’s Sacramento Kings.

Jerry Rice

10. Jerry Rice, is a retired football wide receiver. He is generally regarded as the greatest wide receiver of all time and one of the greatest players in National Football League history.  On November 4, 2010, Rice was chosen by NFL Network’s NFL Films production The Top 100: NFL’s Greatest Players as the greatest player in NFL history.

The all-time leader in most major statistical categories for wide receivers and the all-time NFL leader in touchdowns scored with 208, Rice was selected to the Pro Bowl 13 times (1986–1996, 1998, 2002) and named All-Pro 11 times in his 20 NFL seasons. He won three Super Bowl rings playing for the San Francisco 49ers and an AFC Championship with the Oakland Raiders.

Tisha Campbell

11. Tisha Michelle Campbell-Martin, is an actress and singer, known for her starring roles in television series Martin and My Wife and Kids and now is starring in the new television series “The Protector”. Apart from her achievements in television, she also has notable accomplishments in film (including the House Party franchise), theater, and music.


12. Ashanti, Ashanti Shequoiya Douglas, Rapp and R&B recording artist, record producer and actress who rose to fame in the early 2000s and then largely faded from view. Ashanti is most famous for her eponymous debut album, which featured the hit song “Foolish”, and sold over 503,000 copies in its first week of release throughout the U.S. in April 2002. The album set a Soundscan record as the biggest opening week sales for a new female artist.  In the same week, she became the first female performer to simultaneously hold the top two places on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart with “Foolish”, and “What’s Luv?” (with Fat Joe). Ashanti broke records again by having three top ten songs, “Foolish,” “What’s Luv?” and “Always on Time”, on the Billboard Hot 100 charts in the same week, being the first woman to accomplish this feat. In 2003, the self-titled debut album won Ashanti her first Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B album. As of 2011, she has sold more than 30 million albums.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For Sept 29

Bryant Charles Gumble

1. Bryant Charles Gumble, television journalist and sportscaster. He is best known for his 15 years as co-host of NBC ‘s The Today Show.  He is the younger brother of sportscaster Greg Gumbel.

Ken Norton jr.

2. Ken Norton Jr, a former American football linebacker in the National Football League, former USC Trojan football team Linebacker Coach and Assistant Head Coach for Defense, and is the current linebackers coach for the NFL’s Seattle Seahawks.  He was the first NFL player to win a Super Bowl ring in three consecutive years.  He is the son of the former heavyweight champion Ken Norton.

Devante Swing

3. Donald Earle DeGrate, Jr., better known by his stage name DeVante Swing, is a record producer, singer, rapper and songwriter. Swing rose to fame in the 1990s as the founding member of the trendsetting R&B group Jodeci, one of the more popular R&B acts of its time. Swing served as the main songwriter, producer, and leader of Jodeci which also featured his younger brother Dalvin DeGrate.

4. Gwendolyn L. “Gwen” Ifill,  journalist, television newscaster and author. She is the managing editor and moderator for Washington Week and a senior correspondent for the PBS NewsHour, both of which air on PBS. She is a political analyst, and moderated the 2004 and 2008 Vice Presidential debates. She is the author of the book The Breakthrough: Politics and Race in the Age of Obama.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For Aug 23

1. James Francis Shober, was an African-American doctor and the first black physician in North Carolina.  Shober graduated second in his class from Lincoln University in Oxford, PA, in 1875 with an A. B. degree. He went to Howard University’s School of Medicine, where he was one of 48 graduates in the class of 1878 and the only one from North Carolina. Although a number of other blacks may have been licensed doctors sometime after Emancipation, Shober was the first black doctor to graduate from a regular medical school in North Carolina and was thus the first “official” black doctor in North Carolina.

2. Wynona Carr, was born on this date in 1924. She was a gospel and R&B singer.  While growing up in Cleveland, she learned piano, voice, harmony, and arranging while attending the Cleveland Musical College. Two years later, she worked as a member of the famous Wings Over Jordan Choir and The Pilgrim Travelers. In 1949, her first song was released for Specialty records. It was “Each Day” and “Lord Jesus” with the Austin McCoy’s Combo. She was then listed as Sister Wynona Carr. She had a number of hits with Brother Joe May and the Sally Martin Singers.

3. Philip Emeagwali,  A Nigerian computer scientist and internet pioneer.   Called “Calculus” by his schoolmates, Emeagwali mastered the subject at age 14, and could out-calculate his instructors. He had to drop out of school because his family could not afford to send all eight children, but he continued studying on his own and got a general certificate of education from the University of London.

4. Kobe Bryant,  professional basketball player who plays shooting guard for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Bryant enjoyed a successful high school basketball career at Lower Merion High School, where he was recognized as the top high school basketball player in the country. He decided to declare his eligibility for the NBA Draft upon graduation, and was selected with the 13th overall pick in the 1996 NBA Draft by the Charlotte Hornets, then traded to the Los Angeles Lakers. As a rookie, Bryant earned himself a reputation as a high-flyer and a fan favorite by winning the 1997 Slam Dunk Contest.

5. Cortez Kennedy, A former NFL defensive tackle who played his entire eleven-season career with the Seattle Seahawks..

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For August 11

1. Ann Plato, was the second woman of color to publish a book in America and the first to publish a book of essays and poems.

2. Robert Brown Elliott, Member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina

3. John Rosamond Johnson, with Bob Cole, of the famous vaudeville team Cole & Johnson. Best remembered as a composer who, with his brother James Weldon Johnson providing the lyrics, will write “Lift Every Voice and Sing.”

4. Sam Collins, Blues Artist and guitarist, sometimes known as Crying Sam Collins, His best known recording was “The Jail House Blues”

5. Alex Haley, Writer, award-winning author (Roots won Pulitzer Prize/Malcolm X Bio.)

6. Carl T. Rowan, Commissioned as a naval officer in WWII

7. Otis Taylor, college and professional American football player, for Prairie View A&M University and the American Football League’s Kansas City Chiefs. Standing 6-foot-3 and weighing 215 pounds, Taylor possessed sure hands and served as a devastating upfield blocker, springing Chiefs running backs for many long runs.

8. Yusef Komunyakaa, Poet who currently teaches at New York University and is a famous member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. Komunyakaa is a recipient of the 1994 Kingsley Tufts Poetry Award, for Neon Vernacular”[1] and the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. He also received the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize.

9. Miguel A. Nunez Jr., Actor,He is best known for his supporting roles in The Return of the Living Dead and Life and a leading role in Juwanna Mann.

10. Chris Kelly of Rapp Group KrisKros (Jump)

Events In African American History For Aug 09

1. In 1848, Free Soil party organized at Buffalo, N.Y., convention attended by Black abolitionists.

2. In 1929, The first Bud Billiken parade will take place in Chicago. To date It is the largest African-American Parade and the second largest parade in the United States. Always on the second Saturday in August, it began in 1929. The Bud Billiken parade started as a promotional idea through the Chicago Defender newspaper.

3. In 1936, Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal of the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games in the 4×100-meter relay. His relay team set a new world record of 39.8 seconds, which held for 20 years. In their strong showing in track-and-field events at the XIth Olympiad, Jesse Owens and other African American athletes struck a propaganda blow against Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, who planned to use the Berlin Games as a showcase of supposed Aryan superiority.

4. In 1961, James B. Parsons becomes the first black U.S. District Judge with Life Tenure.

5. In 1971, Le Roy (Satchel) Paige is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

6. In 1987, “Mean” Joe Greene inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

7. In 1987, Beatrice Foods is acquired by Reginald Lewis. It is the largest business acquisition ever by an African American.

8. In 1987, Gene Upshaw inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

9. In 1995, World’s Indigenous Peoples Day, declared International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

10. In 1997, Abner Louima was beaten. Louima, a Black Haitian immigrant was arrested and brutally attacked by four New York City police officers. The police officers beat Louima brutally in a police cruiser on the way to the police station. Once back at the station house one of the Officer (JustinVolpe) sodomized Louima with a broken broom handle while a fellow officer held him down.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For this date August 09

1. Janie Porter Barrett, Social reformer, educator and welfare worker. She established the Virginia Industrial School for Colored Girls, a pioneering rehabilitation center for African American female delinquents. She was also the founder of the Virginia State Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs2. Annie Minerva Turnbo Malone, Businesswoman, inventor and philanthropist who, in the first three decades of the 20th century, built a large and prominent commercial and educational enterprise centered around cosmetics for African-American women and, subsequently, training and poise for both genders.

3. Richard Benjamin Moore, Civil rights activist. The racism Moore encountered prompted him to a life of activism. In 1915, he founded and was treasurer of the Pioneer Cooperative Society, a grocery store that featured West Indian products. Moore was self-educated and began to collect an extensive library of literature.

4. Robert Nelson Cornelius (N. C.) Nix, Sr., Representative, 1958–1979, Democrat from Pennsylvania, An elected official who rarely wanted or attracted widespread publicity, he supported much liberal legislation. He worked for passage of the landmark civil rights legislation of the 1960s and privately sought to prevent the House from denying Rep. Adam Clayton Powell his seat in the Ninetieth Congress.

5. Robert Shaw, Blues and boogie-woogie pianist, best known for his 1963 album, The Ma Grinder.

6. Willa B. Player, The first African-American woman to become president of a four-year college in the United States, was a quiet but crucial contributor to the struggle for civil rights in the South.

7. Anne Wiggins Brown, singer and entertainer. soprano who created the role of “Bess” in the original production of George Gershwin’s folk opera Porgy and Bess in 1935. She was also a radio and concert singer. She settled in Norway in her 30s and later became a Norwegian citizen.

8. Jack DeJohnette- Jazz drummer

9. Kenneth Howard Norton Sr., former WBC Heavyweight Champion of the World. He is best known for his 12-round split-decision victory over all-time great Muhammad Ali, on March 31, 1973

10. Barbara Mason- Songstress (Give Me Your Love, I’m Ready, Shakin’ Up)

11. Douglas Lee “Doug” Williams, a former football quarterback. Williams is best known for his MVP performance in Super Bowl XXII with the Washington Redskins. He is, to date, the only African-American to win a Super Bowl as starting quarterback.

12. Kurtis Blow (Kurt Walker)- Rapper (The Breaks/Basketball)

13. Whitney Houston, R&B/pop singer, actress, and former fashion model. A relative of several prominent soul singers, including her mother Cissy Houston, cousins Dee Dee and Dionne Warwick and godmother Aretha Franklin, Houston began singing at her New Jersey church as a member of a junior gospel choir at age eleven.[1] After she began performing alongside her mother at night clubs in the New York City area, she was discovered by Arista Records label head Clive Davis.

14. Deion Luwynn Sanders, former National Football League cornerback, Major League Baseball outfielder, and is currently an NFL Network commentator. He carries the nicknames “Prime Time” and “Neon Deion”.

15. Karyn Parsons, Actress, Fresh Prince Of Bel-Air

16. Dedrick Rolison, Rapp Artist and actor best known by his stage name Mack 10. He was a member of the hip hop trio known as the Westside Connection, along with Ice Cube and WC.

Events In African American History For August 07

1. In 1846, Frederick Douglass is speaker at the World’s Temperance convention in London, England.

2. In 1893, Black longshoremen struck for higher wages and better working conditions in Galveston, Texas.

3. In 1893, Fifty-third Congress (1893-95) convened which included Black congressman, George W. Marray, South Carolina.

4. In 1893, One hundred and eighteen Blacks were reported lynched in 1893.

5. In 1894, J. Lee received Patent for Kneading machine

6. In 1932, Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia becomes the first man to win the Olympic marathon twice (running barefoot).

7. In 1946, Sculptor, Isaac Hathaway was chosen as the designer of the American coin. President Harry S. Truman authorized a commission by the U. S. Mint of a fifty cent piece “to commemorate the life and perpetuate the ideas and teachings of Booker T. Washington.”

8. In 1948, Alice Coachman, jumped record breaking 5 feet 6 1/8 inches becomes the first African American woman to win an Olympic gold medal in the high jump during the Summer Games in London. She will later become inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame.

9. In 1954, Charles H. Mahoney was confirmed by the Senate and became the first Black to serve as a full delegate to the United Nations.

10. In 1960, Black and white students staged kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches.

11. In 1970, Four persons, including the presiding judge, killed in courthouse shoot-out in San Rafael, Marin County, California. Police charged that activist Angela Davis helped provide the weapons used by the convicts and issued a nationwide warrant for her arrest. She was arrested in New York City in October 1970, returned to California to face charges of kidnapping, murder, and conspiracy Davis was acquitted of all charges on June 4, 1972.

12. In 1970, Soul Train makes its TV debut. “The Hippest Trip in America” Soul Train exploded on the scene, hosted by Don Cornelius, ending each show with “Love, Peace and Soul”

13. In 2005, Frederick Douglas “Fritz” Pollard is inducted posthumously into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, OH. He was the first African American player and coach in the NFL. He was also a two-time All-American at Brown University and was the first African American to play in the Rose Bowl in 1916.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For this date August 07

1. Thomas Johnson, slave, minister and author.

2. James Peters, A rugby union player and, later, a rugby league player. He is notable as the first black man to play rugby union for England.

3. Charles Luckeyeth Roberts, better known as Luckey Roberts, composer and stride pianist who worked in the jazz, ragtime, and blues styles. During the 40s and early 50s he owned and regularly performed at a Harlem bar.

4. Diana McNeil Pierson, Educator and missionary, The first Black to attend USC, her master’s thesis was on “Liberian Republic: Experiment in Government.” McNeil received her bachelor of arts degree in 1909 and her master of arts degree in 1910, both from USC.

5. Mark Matthews, Buffalo Soldier, Mathews served along the U. S.-Mexican border as part of Gen. John Joseph “Black Jack” Pershing’s 1916 expedition into Mexico, on the trail of Mexican bandit and revolutionary Poncho Villa. In 1931, he was assigned to Ft. Myers, Va., where he trained recruits in horsemanship, helped tend the presidential stable for Franklin D. Roosevelt and played on the polo team.

6. Maceo “Breed” Breedlove, Negro League baseball player. Breedloves career was from 1922-1944 and the teams he played for were Johnny Baker Legion, St. Paul Giants, Pioneer Limited of Minneapolis, Original Negro House of David, Twin Cities Colored Giants, Broadway Clowns.

7. Ralph Johnson Bunche, political scientist and diplomat who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Palestine. He was the first person of color to be so honored in the history of the Prize. He was involved in the formation and administration of the United Nations. In 1963, he received the Medal of Freedom from President John F. Kennedy.

8. Ernestine Wade, actress who is best known for playing the role of Sapphire Stevens on the radio and television program Amos ‘n Andy. see more

9. Melvin Herbert Evans, the first elected Governor of the United States Virgin Islands from 1969 to 1975 and Delegate from the United States Virgin Islands to the United States House of Representatives from 1979 to 1981.

10. James Cameron, Founder Black Holocaust Musem

11. Dr. Maurice F. Rabb Jr, ophthalmologist. He is widely known for his pioneering work in cornea and retinal vascular diseases.

12. Rahsaan Roland Kirk, jazz multi-instrumentalist who played tenor saxophone, flute and many other instruments. He was renowned for his onstage vitality, during which virtuoso improvisation was accompanied by comic banter, political ranting, and the ability to play several instruments simultaneously.

13. Magic Slim (Morris Holt), blues singer and guitarist

14. Alan Cedric Page, Jurist and former professional American football player. He graduated from Canton Central Catholic High School in 1963, received his B.A. in political science from the University of Notre Dame in 1967, and received his J.D. from the University of Minnesota Law School in 1978. Justice Page is particularly notable for the fact that he is both a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and an Associate Justice with the Minnesota Supreme Court. Justice Page is married to Diane Sims Page and is the father of four children, Nina, Georgi, Justin and Kamie.

15. Alan Lee Keyes, conservative political activist, author and former diplomat, and perennial candidate for public office.

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