Archive for the ‘Black Attorneys’ Category
1. Nat Turner, Slave Revolt Leader/Abolistionist was an slave who led a slave rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 56 white deaths and over 55 black deaths,the largest number of fatalities to occur in one uprising prior to the American Civil War in the southern United States. He gathered supporters in Southampton County, Virginia. White backlash resulted in the state executing 56 blacks accused of being part of Turner’s slave rebellion. Two hundred blacks were also beaten and killed by white militia mobs and thugs. As if that wasn’t enough retribution, Virginia and other southern state legislators passed new laws prohibiting education of slaves and free blacks, restricting rights of assembly and other civil rights for free blacks, and requiring white ministers to be present at black worship services.
2. Robert H. Lawrence, Jr., was born. He became an astronaut and pilot. He was the first African American selected for space travel.
3. Johnny L. Cochran, Jr. lawyer best known for his leadership role in the defense and criminal acquittal of O. J. Simpson for the alleged murder of his former wife Nicole Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman.
Cochran also represented Sean Combs (during his trial on gun and bribery charges), Michael Jackson, rapper Tupac Shakur, actor Todd Bridges, football player Jim Brown, rapper Snoop Dogg, former heavyweight Champion Riddick Bowe, 1992 Los Angeles riot beating victim Reginald Oliver Denny, and Rosa Parks.
He also represented athlete Marion Jones when she faced charges of doping during her high school track career. Cochran was known for his skill in the courtroom and his prominence as an early advocate for victims of police brutality.
4. Avery Brooks, is an American actor, jazz musician, opera singer and college professor. Brooks is perhaps best known for his television roles as Benjamin Sisko on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, and as Hawk on Spenser: For Hire and its spinoff A Man Called Hawk, and in the Academy Award-nominated film American History X.
5. Ernest Riles, is a former shortstop and third baseman in Major League Baseball. From 1985 through 1993, Riles played for the Milwaukee Brewers (1985–1988), San Francisco Giants (1988–1990), Oakland Athletics (1991), Houston Astros (1992) and Boston Red Sox (1993). He batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
6 Melissa Victoria Harris-Perry ( Melissa Harris-Lacewell) is an American author and political commentator with a focus on African-American politics.
She is a professor of political science at Tulane University. Prior to that, she was an associate professor of politics and African-American studies at Princeton University from 2006 to 2010, and taught political science at the University of Chicago from 1999 to 2005. She is also an award winning author and appears regularly on MSNBC and other media venues.
1. In 1849, Archibald Henry Grimké, lawyer, intellectual, journalist, diplomat and community leader in the 19th and early 20th century.
2. In 1880, T. B. Pinn Received Patent for File Holder
3. In 1897, W. B. Purvis patented the electric railway switch.
4. In 1984, Roberto Clemente became the second baseball player to be featured on a stamp on this day.
1. In 1795, Absalom Jones is ordained a deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church.
2. In 1854, Congress passed Confiscation Act, authorizing the appropriation of the property, including slaves, of rebel slaveholders.
3. In 1870, In one of the most brazenly racist incidents of the post-Civil War period, white conservatives and racists employ assassinations and widespread violence to suppress the black vote and take control of the Tennessee legislature from a coalition of blacks and progressive whites. The violence and the election effectively ended Reconstruction in the state.
4. In 1872, Elijah McCoy received Patent for Lubricator for steam engines
5. In 1925, African American lawyers organize the National Bar Association and name George H. Woodson of Des Moines, Iowa, as President, and Wendell Gree of Chicago, Illinois, as Secretary.
6. In 1934, United States troops leave Haiti, which it had occupied since 1915.
7. In 1941, Blacks started being inducted into the U.S. military in April 1941, resulting in a series of violent incidents between black soldiers and white soldiers and between black soldiers and white civilians.
The first major incident takes place on this day in August 1941. A group of black soldiers board a bus in Fayetteville, N. C., headed to Ft. Bragg. The white driver complains they are being “rowdy” and asks for help from the military police (MPs). The MPs arrive and begin hitting the blacks with nightsticks. One of the black men grabs an MP’s gun and begins shooting. Additional fighting and shooting break out. When the dust settled, one black private and one white MP were dead and two whites and three blacks had been wounded.
This is the first of a series of serious racial incidents (between African American and white soldiers and African American soldiers and white civilians) which will continue throughout the war.
8. In 1952, Satchel Paige, at age 46, becomes the oldest pitcher to complete a major-league baseball game. Paige, pitching for the Cleveland Indians, shuts out the Detroit Tigers 1-0 in a 12-inning game.
9. In 1962, Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule.
10. In 1963, Little Stevie Wonder’s “Fingertips, Part 2” is the #1 Soul chart hit.
11. In 1965, The Voting Rights Act is signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in the same room that Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., and a host of others witness the signing of the act, which suspends the use of literary tests and calls for federal examiners to ensure fair elections in the South.
12. In 1969, The Learning Tree, directed by Gordon Parks, Jr., premieres. The film is the first directed by an African American in modern times.
13. In 1973, Stevie Wonder is nearly killed in an automobile accident near Durham, North Carolina, where he was to perform in a benefit concert. Wonder suffers severe brain contusions and a fractured skull and will be in a coma for ten days as a result of his injuries.
14. In 1984, Carl Lewis wins 2nd (long jump) of 4 gold medals in the Summer Olympics.
15. In 1988, Once accused by African American artists of racism, MTV, the 24-hour cable music channel, premieres “Yo! MTV Raps.” It will become one of the station’s most popular programs.
16. In 1994, In Wedowee, Alabama, an apparent arson fire destroys Randolph County High School, which had been the focus of tensions over the principal’s stand against interracial dating.
17. In 1996, Officials announce that the Air Force had punished 16 officers in connection with the crash that killed Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others the previous April.
18. In 2009, President Barack Obama Signed The Cash For Clunkers Extention Bill
1. In 1865, The provisional governor of Florida abolishes slavery by proclamation.
2. In 1897, C. V. Richey Received Patent for Railroad Switch
3. In 1897, L. P. Ray, received Patent for Dust pan
4. In 1908, A site plan for the town of Allensworth, California, is filed with the Tulare County recorder. The town is founded by African American Allen Allensworth, “in order to enable black people to live on an equity [basis] with whites and to encourage industry and thrift in the race.”
5. In 1928, William A. Scott, III, founds the “Atlanta World” newspaper. It will become a bi-weekly in 1930 and on March 13, 1932, will become the “Atlanta Daily World,” the first African American daily newspaper in modern times.
6. In 1937, The Golden Gate Quartet records “Gospel Train”
7. In 1937, Wings Over Jordan Choir founded. This group was organized by the Rev Glen T. Settles in Cleveland, Ohio and was perhaps the most beautiful sounding of all Gospel choirs.
8. In 1951, The Swallows make their chart debut “It ain’t the Meat, It is the Motion”
9. In 1956, Willie Williams of the United States sets the then 100 meter record at 10.1 seconds.
10. In 1957, Archibald J. Carey, Chicago minister and attorney, is appointed the first African American chairman of the President’s Committee on Government Employment Policy.
11. In 1960, The Republic of Niger achieves its independence from France.
12. In 1970, Two thousand delegates and observers attend the Congress of African Peoples convention in Atlanta, Georgia.
13. In 1972, The Federal Communications Commission upholds a political candidate’s right to broadcast paid commercials with racist content if such broadcast presents no danger of violence or incitement to violence.
14. In 1986, The United States Senate overrode President Ronald Reagan’s veto of legislation imposing economic sanctions against South Africa.
15. In 1989, Rickey Henderson sets American League mark of 50 stolen bases in nine seasons.
1. In 1619, Slavery in America began with landing of twenty Africans at Jamestown, Virginia. The twenty Blacks were accorded the status of indentured servants.
2. In 1834, Slavery declared unlawful in British Empire.
3. In 1873, Bennett College in Greensboro, N.C., Carolina is founded. Bennett is one of the over 100 Historical Black College and Universities in America, and one of only two that specifically educate women.
4. In 1879, Mary Eliza Mahoney became the first African American to graduate from a nursing school when she graduated from the nursing program at the New England Hospital for Women and Children.
5. In 1899, W. Purdy Received Patent for Device for sharpening edged tools
6. In 1909, Mechanics and Farmers Bank in Durham, N. C., opened for business. It is an African-American savings and loan institution.
7. In 1925, The National Bar Association is formed
8. In 1936, Benjamin E. Mays, who has been called “the greatest school master of his generation,” named president of Morehouse College.
9. In 1944, Adam Clayton Powell elected first Black congressman
10. In 1964, Arthur Ashe, first Black male to win Wimbledon, becomes first Black person named to the US Davis Cup team
11. In 1979, James Patterson Lyke installed as auxiliary bishop of the Cleveland diocese of the Roman Catholic Church.
1. In 1874, Father Patrick Francis Healy, named President of Georgetown University.
2. In 1888, S. E. Thomas Received Patent for Casting
3. In 1911, The founding of America’s first “Negro Boy Scout” troop in 1911. Initially started in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, opposition was encountered immediately, but troops continued to meet in increasing numbers. In 1916, the first official Boy Scout Council-promoted Negro Troop 75 began in Louisville, KY. By the next year, there were four official black troops in the area. By 1926, there were 248 all-black troops, with 4,923 black scouts and within ten years, there was only one Council in the entire South that refused to accept any black troops.
4. In 1960, Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Nation of Islam, called for creation of a Black state in America at a New York meeting.
5. In 1981, Attorney Arnette R. Hubbard installed as the first woman president of the National Bar Association.
6. In 2005, In rememberance of Anthony Walker, then 18 murdered in England with an axe in a hate crime.
7. In 2006, India Arie’s Testimony: Vol. 1, Life & Relationship Tops Jet Magazine’s top 20 album list.