1. In 1854, Lincoln University is founded in Lincoln, Pa. It was the first institution of higher education to admit African-American men. Poet Langston Hughes, ’29, and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, ’30, are among the university’s most-notable graduates.
2. In 1945, The lynching of Jesse James Payne takes place in Madison County, Fl. The lynching came to typify the lies that prompted many lynchings. Payne got into an argument with his white boss and threatens to expose some of his boss’ illegal dealings. But the boss then spreads a rumor that Payne had molested his daughter and Payne is lynched.
3. In 1946, Isaac Woodard Jr., African American World War 2 veteran decorated for courage under fire during service in the Pacific, is beaten by South Carolina police until he’s blind – just hours after his honorary discharge from the military.
4. In 1972, Nearly 50 black and white sailors injured in a race riot aboard the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk during the Vietnam War.
5. In 2019, Atatiana Koquice Jefferson a 28-year-old woman, was fatally shot in her home by a police officer in Fort Worth, Texas. in the early morning Police arrived at her home after a neighbor called a non-emergency number, stating that Jefferson’s front door was open. Police body camera footage showed that when she came to her window to observe police outside her home, Officer Aaron Dean shot through it and killed her. Dean resigned from the Fort Worth Police Department and was arrested on a murder charge. On December 20, 2019, Dean was indicted for murder.