1. In 1792, Denmark abolished slavery.
2. In 1893, L. W. Benjamin received Patent for Broom Moisteners and Bridles
3. In 1917, Harry T. Burleigh, composer, pianist, and singer, is awarded the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal for excellence in the field of creative music.
4. In 1918, a plantation owner was murdered, prompting a manhunt which resulted in a series of lynchings in May 1918 in southern Georgia, United States. White people killed at least 13 black people during the next two weeks. Among those killed were Hayes and Mary Turner. Hayes was killed on May 18, and the next day (May 19), his pregnant wife Mary was strung up by her feet, doused with gasoline and oil then set on fire. Mary’s unborn child was cut from her abdomen and stomped to death. Her body was then shot up. No one was ever convicted of her lynching.
5. In 1950, Briggs v. Elliott, a civil rights case that assisted the groundwork for Brown v. the Board of Education 4 years later, was filed. 20 African Americans from Clarendon County, South Carolina, first filed a suit against school officials on behalf of their children. Among them were Harry Briggs, Annie Gibson, and Rev. J. A. DeLaine. With the help of the NAACP, they sought to secure better schools, equal to those provided for white children.
6. In 1966, Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) named chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. He was replaced a year later by H. Rap Brown.
7. In 1985, Michael Jordan is named Rookie of the Year in the National Basketball Association.
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