1. In 1787, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized Philadelphia’s Free African Society which Du Bois called “the first wavering step of a people toward a more organized social life.”
2. In 1861, Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC
3. In 1861, Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor.
4. In 1864, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tenn., and massacred the inhabitants, sparing, the official report said, neither soldier nor civilian, Black nor white, male or female.
5. In 1869, Black students occupied administration building at Boston University in demand for Afro-American history courses and additional Black students.
6. In 1869, North Carolina legislature passed anti-Klan Law.
7. In 1975, Leontyne Price, opera singer, is awarded The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
8. In 2003, Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, the first Black female Prisoner of War, is rescued.
In 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.