1. Alexa Canady, the first Woman and first African American to become a Neurosurgeon in America. From Lansing Michigan, Alexa Irene Canady is the daughter of Elizabeth Hortense (Golden) Canady and Clinton Canady Jr. Her father was a graduate of the School of Dentistry of Meharry Medical College, practicing in Lansing. Her mother was a graduate of Fiasco University was active for years in civic affairs of Lansing. She also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
Archive for November, 2011
1. In 1775, Lord Dunmore, deposed royal governor of Virginia, issued proclamation which promised freedom to male slaves who joined the British army.
2. In 1876, Edward A. Bouchet received the Ph.D. degree in physics at Yale University and became the first Black to receive a doctorate at an American University.
3. In 1876, Edward Bannister, the first Black artist to win wide critical acclaim, awarded prize at Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his work, Under the Oak.
4. In 1876, The disputed presidential election which changed the course of black history occurs. The dispute led to the Hayes-Tilden Compromise. In order to be declared president Republican Rutherford B. Hayes reached an agreement with southern Democrats which had the effect of ending much of Reconstruction and the protection of black rights. The Jim Crow era began with “black codes” and other measures which severely limited black rights. Many of these rights were not restored until the 1960’s.
5. In 1909, Knights and Ladies of St. Peter Claver organized in Mobile, Alabama, by four Posephite priests and three Catholic laymen.
6. In 1934, Arthur L. Mitchell defeated Oscar DePriest in a Chicago election and became the first Black Democratic congressman.
7. In 1955, Supreme Court in Baltimore case banned segregation in public recreational facilities.
8. In 1963, Elston Howard, New York Yankees Star catcher, became the first Black to win the American League Most Valuable Player Award.
9. In 1964, Little Anthony and the Imperials’ “Goin’ Out of My Head,” a vocal-group soul classic, enters the Billboard chart, where it will peak in the Top Ten.
10. In 1967, Carl B. Stokes is elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.
11. In 1967, Richard Hatcher was elected the first Black mayor of Gary, IN.
12. In 1989, Lawrence Douglas Wilder became first Black Governor in the US (Virginia).
13. In 1991, Rock legend Jimi Hendrix was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
14. In 2007, Michael Nutter, Elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is Philadelphia’s third African American mayor.
1. Absalom Jones, was an abolitionist and clergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, in 1804 he was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States. He is listed on the Episcopal calendar of saints and blessed under the date of his decease, February 13, in the 1979 Book of Common Prayer as “Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818”.
2. Derrick Albert Bell, Jr., was the first tenured African-American professor of Law at Harvard University, and largely credited as the originator of Critical Race Theory. He was the former dean of the University of Oregon School of Law.
1. In 1888, R. N. Hyde received Patent for Composition for cleaning & Preserving Carpets
2. In 1900, James Weldon Johnson composes “Lift Ev’ry Voice And Sign.” The song becomes the “Black National Anthem.”
3. In 1920, James Weldon Johnson became the first Black executive secretary of the NAACP.
4. In 1920, Spingarn Medal awarded to W.E.B. Du Bois for “the founding and calling of the Pan African Congress.”
5. In 1928, Spingarn Medal presented to Charles W. Chestnutt, the first Black to receive widespread critical recognition as a novelist. He was cited for his “pioneer work as a literary artist depicting the life and struggle of Americans of Negro descent.”
6. In 1928, Oscar DePriest is elected to the 71st U.S. Congress from the first Congressional District of Illinois. He was the first black congressman from the North and the first to take a seat in Congress since Jim Crow laws and attitudes drove the last black from Congress in 1901.
7. In 1962, Augustus F. Hawkins, was elected from Los Angeles and became the first Black congressman from the West.
8. In 1962, Edward W. Brooke elected attorney general of Massachusetts.
9. In 1962, Gerald Lamb elected treasurer of Connecticut.
10. In 1962, Otis M. Smith elected to a full term on the Michigan Supreme Court.
11. In 1973, Coleman Young was elected mayor of Detroit, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
12. In 1973, Thomas Bradley elected mayor of Los Angeles. becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
13. In 1990, Sharon Pratt Dixon (now Kelly) was elected mayor of Washington, D.C., making this a first for a woman
14. In 1998, President Bill Clinton approved Public Law 105-355, which established the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site At Moton Field In Tuskegee, AL.
1. Etta Moten (Barnett), Broadway Actress, The first major African American to star on Broadway. She starred in “Porgy and Bess” and had a successful Broadway career.
1. Lloyd Anthony Moseby, Former Major League Baseball player. A center fielder, and good all-around athlete, Moseby’s nickname Shaker was said to stem from his ability to get away from or “shake” players who attempted to defend him on the basketball court.
1. In 1836, Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree in US.
2. In 1867, The first Reconstruction Constitutional Convention takes place in Montgomery, Ala. In attendance were 90 whites and 18 blacks. Reconstruction would bring forth a period of tremendous political and educational advancement for ex-slaves after the Civil War. But Reconstruction was significantly undermined by the Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877 and the beginning of the anti-black Jim Crow period.
3. In 1926, Negro History Week is started by black historian Carter G. Woodson. It would later grow into the current Black History Month which takes place each February in the United States. In England Black History Month takes place in October. Woodson (1875 – 1950) is recognized as the “Father of Black History Month.”
4. In 1956, The Nat King Cole Show, the first black-hosted network television variety show, debuts. The show began with just 15 minutes and later expanded to half-an-hour but was pulled in 1957 for lack of advertiser support.
5. In 1968, Louis Stokes is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
6. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S.
7. In 1974, Walter Washington becomes the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C. as the predominantly black city gains limited voting rights.Congress.
8. In 1974, George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US (Colorado).
9. In 1989, Civil Rights Memorial dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who died during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v. Board decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial serves as a vehicle for education and reflection about the struggle for equality.
1. Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable, Explorer, As a result of his explorations and trading, he is credited with founding the early settlement which eventually became the city of Chicago.
2. Harry Elston, R&B (Friends Of Distinction), Originally, Elston came up with the name Distinctive Friends, but Barbara Jean Love decided to reverse the words. In 1968, Hall of Fame football player Jim Brown met the group and introduced them to the staff at RCA Records. In 1969, Friends of Distinction released their first album entitled Grazin’ on RCA Records. The album included the songs “Grazing in the Grass”, of which Elston wrote and sang lead on, and “Going in Circles.” Grazin’ peaked at number five on the R&B charts.
During the 1960s, Elston was also a prominent figure in the urban night life. Alongside, Jim Brown and John Daniels, Elston was instrumental in opening the Mavericks Flat, a well-known L.A. night club that is often referred to as the Apollo Theater of the west coast. In addition, Elston was instrumental in the formation of the N.I.E.U. (Negro Industrial and Economic Union). In 1992, Elston was co-writer of “It’s Over,” a single for Friends of Distinction.
3. Sean John Combs, also known by his stage names Diddy and P. Diddy, is an American rapper, singer, record producer, actor, and entrepreneur. He has won three Grammy Awards and two MTV Video Music Awards, and his clothing line earned a Council of Fashion Designers of America award. He was originally known as Puff Daddy and then as P. Diddy (Puff and Puffy being often used as a nickname, but never as recording names). In August 2005, he changed his stage name to simply “Diddy”, but continues to use the name P. Diddy in England as the result of a lawsuit. He formed and recorded with the group “Diddy – Dirty Money”.
4. George Clayton Huff, Jr., R&B/Gospel Artist He placed first among male contestants and overall fifth-place finalist on the third season of the reality/talent-search television series American Idol.
1. In 1872, P. B. S. Pinchback is elected to the United States Congress from Louisiana. He was one of the most colorful of the blacks who took seats in Congress after the Civil War. His full name was Pinckey Benton Stewart Pinchback.
2. In 1872, Blacks actually take political power in Louisiana. C. C. Antoine is elected lieutenant governor; P. G. Deslonde becomes secretary of state; and W. B. Brown becomes superintendent of public education. Virtually all black political gains would be taken away as the Reconstruction period gave way to the Jim Crow period.
3. In 1874, The Democratic Party sweeps the off-year elections. At this stage in history the Democrats are largely an anti-black political party. Their taking control of the House of Representatives helps pave the way for the end of Reconstruction
4. In 1879, T. Elkins received Patent for Refrigerating Apparatus.
5. In 1922, The entrance to King Tut’s tomb is discovered in Egypt. Controversy reigns to this day as to “King Tut’s color. Many black authorities claim white historians and museums continue a historic practice of using representations of Tut that lighten his skin and modify his African features.
6. In 1967, Soul Man By Sam and Dave Hit #2
7. In 2008, Barack Obama Elected President Of The United States Of America. On Election Night
1. Larry Holmes, a former professional boxer. He grew up in Easton, Pennsylvania, hence his boxing nickname, “The Easton Assassin.” He would win the heavyweight title in 1970 and defend it some 21 times. 61 Years ago
1. In1868, John W. Menard is elected to the U. S. Congress and was among the first group of blacks to take a seat in that body during the Reconstruction period that followed the Civil War. He defeated a white candidate in Louisiana’s 2nd district.
2. In 1883, A racist political coup takes place in Danville, Va. White conservatives aided by outright racists, violently seize control of city government from an elected group of blacks and whites. Four blacks are killed. This occurred during the Jim Crow period as whites began reasserting authority as Reconstruction ended.
3. In 1896, J. H. Hunter patented the portable weighing scales.1890 – South Carolina State University is established in Orangeburg, S. C.
4. In 1983, Jesse Jackson announces the first of his bids for president of the United States. At the time, his campaign is credited with registering the largest number of black voters in American history.
5. In 1992, Carol Mosely Braun (D-Ill.) becomes the first black woman elected to the United States Senate.
6. In 1992, James Clyburn becomes the first black person elected to the U. S. Congress from South Carolina since Reconstruction. He is now one of the most powerful members of Congress.