1. In 1888, R. N. Hyde received Patent for Composition for cleaning & Preserving Carpets
2. In 1900, James Weldon Johnson composes “Lift Ev’ry Voice And Sign.” The song becomes the “Black National Anthem.”
3. In 1920, James Weldon Johnson became the first Black executive secretary of the NAACP.
4. In 1920, Spingarn Medal awarded to W.E.B. Du Bois for “the founding and calling of the Pan African Congress.”
5. In 1928, Spingarn Medal presented to Charles W. Chestnutt, the first Black to receive widespread critical recognition as a novelist. He was cited for his “pioneer work as a literary artist depicting the life and struggle of Americans of Negro descent.”
6. In 1928, Oscar DePriest is elected to the 71st U.S. Congress from the first Congressional District of Illinois. He was the first black congressman from the North and the first to take a seat in Congress since Jim Crow laws and attitudes drove the last black from Congress in 1901.
7. In 1962, Augustus F. Hawkins, was elected from Los Angeles and became the first Black congressman from the West.
8. In 1962, Edward W. Brooke elected attorney general of Massachusetts.
9. In 1962, Gerald Lamb elected treasurer of Connecticut.
10. In 1962, Otis M. Smith elected to a full term on the Michigan Supreme Court.
11. In 1973, Coleman Young was elected mayor of Detroit, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
12. In 1973, Thomas Bradley elected mayor of Los Angeles. becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city’s with over a million citizens.
13. In 1990, Sharon Pratt Dixon (now Kelly) was elected mayor of Washington, D.C., making this a first for a woman
14. In 1998, President Bill Clinton approved Public Law 105-355, which established the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site At Moton Field In Tuskegee, AL.