1. In 1836, Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree in US.
2. In 1867, The first Reconstruction Constitutional Convention takes place in Montgomery, Ala. In attendance were 90 whites and 18 blacks. Reconstruction would bring forth a period of tremendous political and educational advancement for ex-slaves after the Civil War. But Reconstruction was significantly undermined by the Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877 and the beginning of the anti-black Jim Crow period.
3. In 1926, Negro History Week is started by black historian Carter G. Woodson. It would later grow into the current Black History Month which takes place each February in the United States. In England Black History Month takes place in October. Woodson (1875 – 1950) is recognized as the “Father of Black History Month.”
4. In 1956, The Nat King Cole Show, the first black-hosted network television variety show, debuts. The show began with just 15 minutes and later expanded to half-an-hour but was pulled in 1957 for lack of advertiser support.
5. In 1968, Louis Stokes is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
6. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S.
7. In 1974, Walter Washington becomes the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C. as the predominantly black city gains limited voting rights.Congress.
8. In 1974, George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US (Colorado).
9. In 1989, Civil Rights Memorial dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who died during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v. Board decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial serves as a vehicle for education and reflection about the struggle for equality.