1. In1868, John W. Menard is elected to the U. S. Congress and was among the first group of blacks to take a seat in that body during the Reconstruction period that followed the Civil War. He defeated a white candidate in Louisiana’s 2nd district.
2. In 1883, A racist political coup takes place in Danville, Va. White conservatives aided by outright racists, violently seize control of city government from an elected group of blacks and whites. Four blacks are killed. This occurred during the Jim Crow period as whites began reasserting authority as Reconstruction ended.
3. In 1896, J. H. Hunter patented the portable weighing scales.1890 – South Carolina State University is established in Orangeburg, S. C.
4. In 1983, Jesse Jackson announces the first of his bids for president of the United States. At the time, his campaign is credited with registering the largest number of black voters in American history.
5. In 1992, Carol Mosely Braun (D-Ill.) becomes the first black woman elected to the United States Senate.
6. In 1992, James Clyburn becomes the first black person elected to the U. S. Congress from South Carolina since Reconstruction. He is now one of the most powerful members of Congress.