1. In 1889, J. Standard received Patent for Oil stove
2. In 1929, The Stock Market collapses, ushering in the Great Depression and bringing about black unemployment rates ranging from 25 to 40 percent. The effects of the Great Depression would last until the start of World War II. The American war effort created a substantial number of war-industry jobs and a second mass migration of blacks from the South to the industrial North.
3. In 1969, Supreme Court ordered end to all school desegregation at once.