1. In 1854, Lincoln University is founded in Lincoln University, Pa. It was the first institution of higher education to admit African-American men. Poet Langston Hughes, ’29, and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, ’30, are among the university’s most-notable graduates.
2. In 1945, The lynching of Jesse James Payne takes place in Madison County, Fl. The lynching came to typify the lies that prompted many lynchings. Payne got into an argument with his white boss and threatens to expose some of his boss’ illegal dealings. But the boss then spreads a rumor that Payne had molested his daughter and Payne is lynched.
3. In 1972, Nearly 50 black and white sailors injured in a race riot aboard the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk during the Vietnam War.