1. In 1784, First African American Masonic lodge is established by Prince Hall. Hall headed lodge #459 and was referred to as “Worshipful Master.” He would also become a leading figure in the struggle for African Americans rights during this early period in U.S. history.
2. In 1864, Powhatan Beaty, 25 yr. old Union soldier ran 600 Ft. through heavy Confederate fire to regain the Union Army colors and rally his troops to victory during the bloody battle of New Market Heights in Richmond, VA.
3. In 1891, Elijah McCoy Received Patent for Drip Cup
4. In 1942, The SS Booker T. Washington was an American Liberty ship laid down on 19 August 1942 and launched on 29 September. Of the 2,700 Liberty ships built, this was the first of 17 that were named after African Americans.
It is also notable that its first captain was Hugh Mulzac, who was the first African American to command a U.S. Merchant Marine Ship.The ship had an integrated crew of 18 nationalities. Between 1942 and 1947, it had made 22 round trip voyages ferrying troops and supplies to Europe and the Pacific theatre. The ship was sold to a private owner in 1947 and scrapped in 1969.
4. In 1962, President John F. Kennedy orders federal troops in to force the integration of the University of Mississippi..
5. In 1975, WGPR-TV Detroit, first Black-owned station in US, went on the air.
6. In 1979, Nobel Prize In Economics, William Arthur Lewis, Professor of Economics Princeton University, became the first African Ameican to receive the Nobel Prize in Economics. This award represents the highest level of accomplishment for an economist.