1. In 1862, President Lincoln, in preliminary Emancipation Proclamation warned South that he would free slaves in all states in rebellion on January 1, 1863.
2. In 1891, Jan E. Matzeliger received Patent for Lasting machine
3. In 1915, Xavier University, first Black Catholic College in US, opened.
4. In 1950, Ralph J. Bunche, U.N. undersecretary general for special political affairs (1955-70) was awarded noble peace prize.
5. In 1953, Faye Adam’s “Shake A Hand” is the #1 R&B single
6. In 1959, Juanita Kidd Stout to serve as judge of the Philadelphia Municipal Court.
7. In 1961, The Interstate Commerce Commission officially prohibits segregation in buses traveling in interstate commerce. It also banned segregated terminal facilities even though the ruling was largely ignored in many Southern states.