1. In 1850, Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise was essentially a vain attempt to reconcile differences between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North as to whether Midwest states would be slave-holding or free. The law basically required free states to help slave states capture escaped slaves.
2. In 1895, Booker T. Washington delivered his famous (or infamous) “Atlanta Compromise” speech in which he promotes black economic betterment at the expense of civil and political rights. The speech endeared him to whites opposed to the social integration of blacks but it angered progressive blacks, including scholar W. E. B. DuBois, who began to portray Washington as an “Uncle Tom.”
3. In 1948, Ralph J. Bunche confirmed U.N. Security Council.
4. In 1972, Art Williams became the Natioal League’s first Black umpire
5. In 1990, Atlanta, Ga., led by Mayor Maynard H. Jackson, is selected as the site of the XXV Olympiad Summer Games