1. In 1846, Frederick Douglass is speaker at the World’s Temperance convention in London, England.
2. In 1893, Black longshoremen struck for higher wages and better working conditions in Galveston, Texas.
3. In 1893, Fifty-third Congress (1893-95) convened which included Black congressman, George W. Marray, South Carolina.
4. In 1893, One hundred and eighteen Blacks were reported lynched in 1893.
5. In 1894, J. Lee received Patent for Kneading machine
6. In 1932, Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia becomes the first man to win the Olympic marathon twice (running barefoot).
7. In 1946, Sculptor, Isaac Hathaway was chosen as the designer of the American coin. President Harry S. Truman authorized a commission by the U. S. Mint of a fifty cent piece “to commemorate the life and perpetuate the ideas and teachings of Booker T. Washington.”
8. In 1948, Alice Coachman, jumped record breaking 5 feet 6 1/8 inches becomes the first African American woman to win an Olympic gold medal in the high jump during the Summer Games in London. She will later become inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame.
9. In 1954, Charles H. Mahoney was confirmed by the Senate and became the first Black to serve as a full delegate to the United Nations.
10. In 1960, Black and white students staged kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches.
11. In 1970, Four persons, including the presiding judge, killed in courthouse shoot-out in San Rafael, Marin County, California. Police charged that activist Angela Davis helped provide the weapons used by the convicts and issued a nationwide warrant for her arrest. She was arrested in New York City in October 1970, returned to California to face charges of kidnapping, murder, and conspiracy Davis was acquitted of all charges on June 4, 1972.
12. In 1970, Soul Train makes its TV debut. “The Hippest Trip in America” Soul Train exploded on the scene, hosted by Don Cornelius, ending each show with “Love, Peace and Soul”
13. In 2005, Frederick Douglas “Fritz” Pollard is inducted posthumously into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, OH. He was the first African American player and coach in the NFL. He was also a two-time All-American at Brown University and was the first African American to play in the Rose Bowl in 1916.