1. In 1864, The first daily Black newspaper, The New Orleans Tribune, is published in English and French.
2. In 1889, W. A. Martin, inventor, patented the lock. This device was an improvement over the 4000-year-old bolt invented by the Chinese. Martin’s lock consisted of a cylinder and spiral spring, coiled around a metal pin. It was the forerunner of modern door locks.
3. In 1896, The National Federation of Afro-American Women and the Colored Women’s League merged and created the National Association of Colored Woman. Mary Church Terrell was elected president at meeting at Washington’s Nineteenth Street Baptist Church.
4. In 1897, S. C. Shanks Received Patent for Sleeping car berth register
5. In 1943, “Stormy Weather” premieres in New York City with Lena Horne, Bill Robinson, Fats Waller, Cab Calloway, the Nicholas Brothers, and Katherine Dunham. A week before the premiere, Horne said of African American actors, “All we ask is that the Negro be portrayed as a normal person. A worker in a union meeting, a voter in the polls…or an elected official. Perhaps I’m being naive. Perhaps these things will never be straightened out on the screen itself, but will have to wait until..[they’re] solved in real life.”
6. In 1943, Captain Charles B, Hall, of Brazil, Indiana, becomes the first African American pilot in World War II to shoot down a Nazi plane. He is a member of the 99th Fighter Squadron which is part of the 33rd Fighter Group. During his eighth mission, while escorting B-25 bombers over Italy, Captain Hall spots two Focke-Wulf FW 190s. He fires a long burst at one as it turns left. After several hits the aircraft will crashed into the ground.
7. In 1950, Black troops of Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment recaptured Yechon after sixteen-hour battle, scoring first U.S. victory in Korean war.
8. In 1951, PFC William H. Thompson, first African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor since the Spanish American War, is awarded the honor, posthumously
9. In 1957, Althea Gibson becomes the first African American woman to win a major U.S. tennis title. She won the Women’s National clay court singles competition.
10. In 1959, the Boston Red Sox of major league baseball’s American League became the last team to integrate their organization. It was integrated when Pumpsie Green, an African American, was included in the lineup. On this date, Green made pinch runs for the Red Sox. He played in Boston for three seasons before he was traded to the New York Mets in 1963.
11. In 2002, The first issue of The Liberator Magazine was published. This is an African-American internet and print publication.