1. In 1798, The first direct federal tax on the states is enacted — on dwellings, land & slaves.
2. In 1876, Sarah A. Dicket opens a seminary for African American girls in Mississippi
3. In 1885, Sarah E. Goode received Patent for Folding Cabinet Bed
4. In 1888, The “Indianapolis Freeman”, the nation’s first illustrated African American newspaper, is founded by Edward Cooper.
5. In 1891, John Standard, received Patent for Refrigerator
6. In 1895, J.B. Allen receives a patent for a clothes line support.
7. In 1914, Marcus Garvey arrived in Jamaica after a long tour which had taken him through Central America and Europe. Five days later on July 19 he launched the largest independent organisation the world has ever seen – the Universal Negro Improvement Association , UNIA, intended to be the mouthpiece of black women, men and children all over the world.
8. In 1948, Alabama and Mississippi Democrats bolted the Democratic convention after adoption of a “strong” civil rights plank.
9. In 1953, The George Washington Carver National Monument was dedicated on this date in 1953, in Diamond, Missouri, although it was established ten years earlier (1943).
10. In 1968, Hank Aaron hit his 500th career home run in Atlanta, Georgia leading the Braves to a 4-2 win over the San Francisco Giants. (In April of 1974, Hammerin’ Hank will eclipse the old home run mark of 714 held by Babe Ruth.)
11. In 1972, Former New York State Senator Basil A. Paterson is elected vice- chairman of the Democratic National Committee, the first African American to hold a leadership position in a national political party.
12. In 1990, Ernie Singleton is named president of MCA Records’ Black Music Division. As president, Singleton oversees the day-to-day activities of the division and the company’s artist roster that includes Bobby Brown, Heavy D. & the Boyz, Gladys Knight, and Patti LaBelle. He, along with Jheryl Busby, president of Motown Records Company, Sylvia Rhone, president of Atco EastWest Records, and Ed Eckstine, president of Mercury Records, are the highest ranking African Americans in the mainstream record business.