1. In 1787, Congress outlawed slavery in Northwest Territory
2. In 1863, Working class Irish in New York City, angered by the Conscription Act that allowed exemptions from military service for $300, burned a provost marshal’s office and the Colored Orphan Asylum. The act triggered a three-day riot against Blacks. Hostility to the draft and fear of Blacks, “the cause” of the war and potential competitors in the labor market, led to “New York Draft Riots,” one of the bloodiest race riots in American history. Mobs swept through streets, murdered Blacks and hanged them on lamp posts. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Draft_Riots
3. In 1868, Alabama legislature (26 Blacks, 106 whites) met in Montgomery.
4. In 1868, Oscar J. Dunn, a former slave, formally installed as lieutenant governor of Louisiana, the highest elective officer held to date by an American Black. Antoine Dubuclet was installed as state treasurer.
5. In 1916, John Lester Johnson, Heavyweight boxer fought in the first integrated professional boxing event on July 13, 1916, against then unknown opponent Jack Dempsey. He also starred in the Our Gang 1933 classic “The Kid From Borneo” as ‘Bumbo.’ He was a bit part actor in the 1920s through 1940s.
5. In 1919, Red Summer describes the bloody race riots that occurred during the summer and early autumn of 1919. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans in more than two dozen American cities, though in some cases blacks responded in groups to a single action against one of their number, notably in Chicago, which, along with Washington, D.C. and Elaine, Arkansas, witnessed the greatest number of fatalities. James Weldon Johnson coined the term “Red Summer.” Employed since 1916 by the NAACP as a field secretary, he built and revived local chapters of that organization. In 1919, he organized protest against the racial violence of 1919.
6. In 1965, Thurgood Marshall, an Appeals Court judge for three years, is appointed Solicitor General of the United States, the first African American to hold the office.
7. In 1972, Bureau of Census report said Black unemployment averaged 9.9 per cent in 1971, compared with a 5.4 per cent rate for whites. The report also said that 31.8 per cent of all Black families were headed by a woman, and increase from the 28 per cent reported in 1970.
8. In 1972, Shirley Chisholm became the first African American Presidential nominee, with 151 votes from the delegates polled.
9. In 1985, Arthur Ashe, the first African American male to win Wimbledon, is inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.