1. In 1787, Three-fifths Compromise was enacted. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia that year accepted a plan offered by James Madison determining a state’s representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. The compromise clearly reflected the strength of the pro-slavery forces at the convention. The “Three-fifths Compromise” allowed a state to count three fifths of each Black person in determining political representation in the House. Even when the law stopped the importing of new slaves in 1808, the south continued to increase its overall political status and electoral votes by adding and breeding slaves illegally.
2. In 1887, Mound Bayou is a city founded in Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 2,102 at the 2000 census. It is notable for having been founded as an independent black community in 1887 by former slaves led by Isaiah Montgomery. By percentage, its 98.4 percent African-American majority population is one of the largest of any community in the United States.
3. In 1936, Cornelius Johnson sets the world record in the high jump.
4. In 1940, Frederick McKinley Jones was the first person to invent a practical, mechanical refrigeration system for trucks and railroad cars, which eliminated the risk of food spoilage during long-distance shipping trips. The system was, in turn, adapted to a variety of other common carriers, including ships. Frederick Jones was issued the patent on July 12, 1940 (#2,303,857).
5. In 1949, Frederick M. Jones patents a starter generator.
6. In 1949, Frederick McKinley Jones received Patent for Air Conditioning Unit
7. In 1958, “Yakety Yak”, by The Coasters, becomes the number one song in the country, according to “Billboard” magazine. It is the first stereo record to reach the top of the chart.
8. In 1966, Martin Luther King, Jr. begins a Chicago campaign for fair housing. It is his first foray into a northern city for desegregation activities.
9. In 1976, Barbara Jordan makes keynote address.
10. In 2004, Usher’s “Confessions” is #1 on Jet Magagazine’s top 20 album list.