1. In 1775, Horatio Gates, George Washington’s adjutant general issued order excluding Blacks from Continental Army.
2. In 1936, Billie Holiday records “Billie’s Blues” for Okeh Records in New York. Bunny Berigan, Artie Shaw and Cozy Cole supported Holiday, instrumentally, on the track.
3. In 1962, Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Albany, Georgia.
4. In 1966, Martin Luther King, Jr. begins a Chicago campaign for fair housing. It is his first foray into a northern city for desegregation activities.
5. In 1972, Democratic convention opened in Miami Beach, Florida. Blacks constituted 15 per cent of the delegates. The convention nominated Sen. George S. McGovern for president. Rep. Shirley Chisholm received 151.95 of 2,000-plus ballots on the first roll call.
6. In 1973, The Bahamas attain full independence within the British Commonwealth having been a British colony almost uninterruptedly since 1718.
7. In 1984, Dwight ‘Doc’ Gooden of the New York Mets becomes the youngest player to appear in an All-Star Game as a pitcher. Gooden is 19 years, 7 months and 24 days old. He leads the National League to a 3-1 win at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California.
8. In 1993, Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first human to run 10 km (6.25 miles) in less than 27 minutes. Ondieki, known for his extremely arduous training sessions, will say after setting his world record, “My world-record race actually felt easier than my tough interval workouts.”