Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.

1. Robert Fulton Boyd, and 10 other physicians organized a national fraternity of black doctors of which Boyd was elected president. This group was the Society of Colored Physicians and Surgeons, which later became the National Medical Association.

2. Gwendolyn B. Bennett, Writer who contributed to Opportunity, which chronicled cultural advancements in Harlem. Though often overlooked, she herself made considerable accomplishments in poetry and prose. She is perhaps best known for her short story “Wedding Day” which was published in the first issue of Fire!!.

3. Louis Jordan, pioneering American jazz, blues and rhythm & blues musician, songwriter and bandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. Known as “The King of the Jukebox”, Jordan was highly popular with both black and white audiences in the later years of the swing era. In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked him #59 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

4. William Clarence (Billy) Eckstine, singer of ballads and bandleader of the swing era. Eckstine’s smooth baritone and distinctive vibrato broke down barriers throughout the 1940s, first as leader of the original bop big-band, then as the first romantic black male in popular music.

5. William Harrison Dillard, Athlete, only the second male so far to win Olympic titles in both sprinting and hurdling events.

6. Julia May Carson (Julia May Porter), member of the United States House of Representatives for Indiana’s 7th congressional district from 1997 until her death in 2007 (numbered as the 10th District from 1997 to 2003). Carson was the first woman and first African American to represent the 7th District. She was also the second African American woman elected to Congress from Indiana, after Katie Hall.

7. Faye Wattleton, is the first African-American and youngest President ever elected to Planned Parenthood (1978–1992). Currently, she serves as the President of the Center for the Advancement of Women, and also serves on the board of trustees at Columbia University. She is best known for her contributions to the family planning and reproductive health, as well as the pro-choice movement.

8. Valarie Pettiford, Tony Award-nominated actress garnered critical acclaim on Broadway for her performance in the hit three-act musical revue showcasing the choreography of Bob Fosse, “Fosse” (1999). Adding to her Off Broadway and regional productions appearances, the New York native, who honed in on her craft at the Bernice Johnson Theatre for the Performing Arts, also worked with the late great Bob Fosse on the musical revue “Dancin’” and in his last Broadway musical, “Big Deal.”

9. Jerome Walton, former center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs (1989-1992), California Angels (1993), Cincinnati Reds (1994-1995), Atlanta Braves (1996), Baltimore Orioles (1997) and Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998). He batted and threw right-handed.

10. Marcus Chong (born Marcus Wyatt), actor best known for his role as Tank in the science fiction film The Matrix.

11. Roscoe “Rocky” Carroll, an actor. He is known for his roles as Joey Emerson on the FOX comedy-drama Roc, as Dr. Keith Wilkes on the medical drama Chicago Hope, and as Leon Vance on the CBS drama NCIS and its spinoff NCIS: Los Angeles.

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