1. In 1853, William Wells Brown publishes “Clotel,” the first novel by an African American.
2. In 1854, The Republican Party is organized to oppose the extension of slavery.
3. In 1897, B. H. Taylor received Patent for Slide valve
4. In 1957, Althea Gibson becomes the first African American tennis player to win a Wimbledon singles title, defeating fellow American Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2. She will also team up with Darlene Hard to win the doubles championship.
5. In 1961, Cicle Francis Poole, A Harvard law graduate, became the first Black U.S. Attorney when he was sworn in for the Northern district of California.
6. In 1964, Malawi proclaimed independent
7. In 1984, Michael Jackson and his brothers start their “Victory Tour” in Kansas City, Missouri’s Arrowhead Stadium. The tour turns out to be a victory for the Jacksons when the nationwide concert tour concludes months later.
8. In 1990, Jesse Owens is honored on a stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service. Owens was a four-time Olympic gold medal winner in the 1936 Summer Games in Berlin.
9. In 2002, Serena Williams triumphs over her sister Venus to win the Wimbeldon Women’s singles competition.