1. The birth of El Yanga, He was an African abolitionist and a leader of a slave rebellion in Mexico during the early period of Spanish colonial rule.
2. Henry Plummer, a black soldier and chaplain, Saw action in many battles and was honorably discharged from the Navy after the Civil War. The next year, he went to New Orleans to find his sister, Sarah, who had been sold in 1860. He found her and returned with her. Sarah later started St. Paul Baptist Church in Bladensburg, MD.
3. Roy Milton, R&B singer, drummer and bandleader
4. Whitney M. Young, civil rights leader, former Executive Director of the National Urban League.
5. Deval Laurdine Patrick, businessman, lawyer, and politician–the first black governor of Massachusetts.
6. Stanley Jordan, Jazz fusion guitarist, best known for his development of the touch technique for playing guitar.
7. Wesley Snipes, actor, film producer, and martial artist. He has starred in numerous action-adventures, thrillers, and dramatic feature films and is well known for his role as Blade in the Blade trilogy. Snipes formed a production company titled Amen-Ra Films in 1991 and a subsidiary, Black Dot Media, to develop projects for film and television.
8. Andre Ware, sports analyst and commentator and a former American football player. He was the 1989 Heisman Trophy winner as a quarterback for the University of Houston. In the 1990 NFL Draft, Ware was the first round selection (#7 overall) of the Detroit Lions. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2004.
1. In 1874, Father Patrick Francis Healy, named President of Georgetown University.
2. In 1888, S. E. Thomas Received Patent for Casting
3. In 1911, The founding of America’s first “Negro Boy Scout” troop in 1911. Initially started in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, opposition was encountered immediately, but troops continued to meet in increasing numbers. In 1916, the first official Boy Scout Council-promoted Negro Troop 75 began in Louisville, KY. By the next year, there were four official black troops in the area. By 1926, there were 248 all-black troops, with 4,923 black scouts and within ten years, there was only one Council in the entire South that refused to accept any black troops.
4. In 1960, Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Nation of Islam, called for creation of a Black state in America at a New York meeting.
5. In 1981, Attorney Arnette R. Hubbard installed as the first woman president of the National Bar Association.
6. In 2005, In rememberance of Anthony Walker, then 18 murdered in England with an axe in a hate crime.
7. In 2006, India Arie’s Testimony: Vol. 1, Life & Relationship Tops Jet Magazine’s top 20 album list.
1. In 1822, James Varick, consecrated as the first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.
2. In 1839, Slave rebels, led by Joseph Cinque, kill the captain and take over the slave ship Amistad in the most celebrated of American slave mutinies.
3. In 1863, President Lincoln gave an order to shoot a Confederate prisoner for every African American prisoner that was shot; it became known as the “eye-for-eye” order. A rebel prisoner would also be condemned to life in prison doing hard labor, for every African American prisoner sold into slavery.
4. In 1864, Decatur Dorsey of the Thirty-ninth U.S. Colored Troops wins a Congressional Medal of Honor.
5. In 1866, Edward G. Walker, son of abolitionist David Walker, and Charles L. Mitchell are elected to the Massachusetts Assembly from Boston and become the first African Americans to sit in the legislature of an American state in the post-Civil War period.
6. In 1945, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., activist and politician, is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives representing Harlem.
7. In 1959, Willie McCovey steps to the plate for the first time in his major-league baseball career. McCovey, of the San Francisco Giants bats 4-for-4 in his debut against Robin Roberts of the Philadelphia Phillies. He hits two singles and two triples, driving in two runs. It is the start of an All-Star career that will land McCovey in baseball’s Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.
8. In 1984, Reggie Jackson hits the 494th home run of his career, passing the Yankees’ Lou Gehrig and taking over 13th place on the all-time home run list.
9. In 1988, The first National Black Arts Festival opens in Atlanta, Georgia. The biennial festival includes over 50 architectural and art exhibits including the works of Romare Bearden, Edwin Harleston, Camille Billops, David Driskell, and over 140 others.
10. In 1994, The first U.S. troops land in the Rwandan capital of Kigali to secure the airport for an expanded international aid effort.
1. George (Buddy) Guy, Influential blues guitarist and singer is born in Lettsworth, LA, USA. His most popular records include “First Time I Met The Blues” and “Stone Crazy”.
2. Laurence John Fishburne III, an Emmy Award-winning American actor of screen and stage, as well as aplaywright, director, and producer. He is perhaps best known for his roles as Morpheus in the Matrix science fiction film trilogy, and as singer-musician Ike Turner in the Tina Turner biopic What’s Love Got to Do With It. He became the first African American to portrayOthello in a motion picture by a major studio when he appeared in Oliver Parker’s 1995 film adaption of the Shakespeare play. Currently, he stars as Dr. Raymond Langston on the CBS crime drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.
Fishburne has won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in Two Trains Running (1992) and an Emmy Award for Drama Series Guest Actor for his performance in TriBeCa (1993).
3. Vivica A. Fox, Actress Independence Day, Booty Call, Soul Food, Why Do Fools Fall In Love, Kingdom Come, Two Can Play That Game
1. In 1884, T. S. Church received Patent for Carpet beating machine
2. In 1890, A. Pugsley Received Patent for Blind Stop
3. In 1895, First National Convention of Black Women held in Boston Mass.
4. In 1918, The National Liberty Congress of Colored Americans asked Congress to make lynching a federal crime.
5. In 1919, First convention of the National Association of Negro Musicians; held in Chicago. It awarded its first scholarship to the young Marian Anderson.
6. In 1940, American professional tennis integrated for the first time when Jimmy McDaniel met Don Budge.
7. In 1970, One person was killed in six days of rioting in Hartford, Connecticut.
8. In 1974, Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals steals his 700th base.
9. In 1988, The South African government bans the anti-apartheid film “Cry Freedom”.
10. In 1991, Bernard A. Harris, Jr. A Physician, becomes a full-fledged astronaut. Harris, who will join NASA’s Johnson Space Center in 1987 as a clinical scientist and flight surgeon, is now eligible for future flight assignments.
11. In 1996, Carl Lewis wins the gold medal in the long jump, becoming only the fifth Olympian to win gold medals in four straight games.
12. In 2003, A Superior Court judge declared a deadlocked jury in a police brutality case against a white former officer and the case was dismissed. Inglewood Officer Jeremy Morse punched and slammed Donovan Jackson, a handcuffed black teenager, onto a squad car during a videotaped arrest. The jury deliberated more than three days without reaching a verdict. Later the cops sued the city, and on January 18, a few days after Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday, a Superior Court jury gave $2.4 million to the two officers.
1. George (little Chocolate) Dixon, was the first black world boxing champion in any weight class, while also being the first ever Canadian-born boxing champion. George was born in Africville, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Known as “Little Chocolate”, he stood 5 feet 3 inches (1.60 m) tall and weighed only 87 pounds (39 kg) when he began his professional boxing career.
2. Chester Bomar Himes, writer. His works include “If He Hollers Let Him Go” and a series of Harlem Detective novels. In 1958 he won France’s Grand Prix de Littérature Policière; two of his novels were made into feature films: Cotton Comes to Harlem directed by Ossie Davis in 1970 and A Rage in Harlem starring Gregory Hines and Danny Glover in 1991.
3. Charlie Christian, an American swing and jazz guitarist. Christian was an important early performer on the electric guitar, and is cited as a key figure in the development of bebop and cool jazz. He gained national exposure as a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet and Orchestra from August 1939 to June 1941. His single-string technique combined with amplification helped bring the guitar out of the rhythm section and into the forefront as a solo instrument.
4. Flo Hyman, She was an African American athlete specializing in volleyball.
1. In 1866, Congress passes a law that African American regiments should be part of the regular army, which results in the organization of the 9th and 10th Cavalry.
2. In 1868, The 14th Amendment, making Blacks American citizens, was adopted.
3. In 1903, Maggie Lena Walker founds and becomes the first president of the Saint Luke Penny Savings Bank in Richmond, Virginia.
4. In 1915, The NAACP led by W.E.B. Dubois and James Weldon Johnson staged a silent protest rally against lynching. Nearly fifteen thousand African-Americans marched down Manhattan’s Fifth Avenue demonstrating their support for a government stoppage of lynching, race riots, and the denial of rights.
5. In 1977, Roy Wilkins turns over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks.
6. In 1981, Frankie Smith’s Double Dutch Bus is the NO. 1 Hit.
7. In 1985, Lou Brock is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown, New York.
You can’t depend on a politician to give you a tax cut. He may appear to give you a tax cut while putting money in your right pocket while at the same time, taking it out of your left pocket. He will lower your taxes with one hand and raised them with the other hand. The really bold ones with lower your taxes by 10% and in one place and raised them 15% in an other place. Got to watch those politicians. The are a “Smile in ya face, frown at ya back” breed. Besides, the way they see it is, all you gave them is your one vote, the other guys, you know the lobbyist, gives them millions to serve their client’s (big business) cause.
Tax cuts for big business, well, we need to learn a lesson about how big business do business. For instance, if big business need more capital, they will appeal to legislators via Lobbyist for tax breaks. Well my friends, the buck stops with you. If you don’t do business with these companies they won’t have a tax to cut.
The old conception that businesses will provide more jobs with these tax cuts has not been proven. After 10 years the jobs has not came to reality. The economy is slowly sinking yet these tax cuts for big business are still touted as the remedy to pick this economy up.
Here is a concept, eliminate the tax cuts, everybody pays their fair share. When those companies make so much they stop production, other companies will pick up production therefore hiring more employees to keep up production. It’s called sharing the wealth. Take a 10 million dollar company with tax breaks for instance, why not have 2 five million dollar companies with no tax breaks. Or even better have 4 2.5 million dollar companies with no tax cuts. Face it, if a company gobbles up another company with tax cuts, it not only have it’s own tax cuts but the company’s tax cuts that it consumed. Then after 6 months if not immediately, the layoff begins, the trimming starts, yet the tax cuts stay in place.
Unlike big business, you don’t have lobbyist. Oh, you mean your senator, congressman or governor, lol. They are the ones being lobbied by big business. Big business is filling your elected official’s pockets with millions of dollars of your money to do their bidding. Here’s how it works, taxes are collected from you and big business. Lobbyist on behalf of big business, stuff the pockets of senators, congressmen and governors so they will pass legislation for tax cuts, local taxes (utilities, car tabs, gas tax, sales tax, property tax) are raised to compensate for the tax cuts for the rich and big business. Oh, and because big business don’t pay their fair share, a lot of social programs take a trip out back to the chopping block.
Now, it’s our turn. let’s give ourselves a tax brake, yes that’s right, brake as in stop, slow down, discontinue. BRAKE.
Take your utility company for instance. They will provide you with tips on how to save energy. Some will even come out and check your home for air leaks that your heat or AC may escape. They will do this out one side of their mouth and at the same time apply to the utilities commission for a rate hike out of the other side of their mouth.
As soon as you hear about a utilities rate hike, immediately start thinking of ways to cut back usage and stick to it.
1. Put plastic over your window.
2. Insure that doors are well sealed.
3. Turn off lights and heat in rooms that are not being used.
4. Turn you water heater down to 120 degrees.
5. Consider washing the dishes once a day.
6. Set up a solar charging station for your electronics. You may want to consider setting up a small (45 watt solar system from Harbor Freight). Use a power strip (one with an on/off switch) that will accommodate those wall chargers. When not in use turn the switch off. Those wall chargers consumes energy any time it’s plugged in even though its not charging your electronic device. Keep all chargers in one drawer, using clear zip lock baggies to put each one in. Lable them if needed.
7. Did you know that your tv (flat screen/HDTV/DTV) consumes energy even when it’s turn off. It would be a good idea to have it plugged into a power strip with a switch also. Turn off the strip when away from home long periods of time, such as when you go to work, school or play.
8. At Night, turn the heat down and put on an extra blanket, you might consider sleeping in socks and a night cap (the one that goes on your head).
9. Arrange it so that you can charge your cell phone, mp3 players and other electronic devices in your car when possible even if you have to use an inverter.
10. Desktop Computer….Us a power control panel to plug in you speakers, external modem and any other items. switch off the panel when not in use.
11. On really cold consecutive days, go to the mall, library.
12. Spend days off volunteering.
If your utility company goes up on your electric bill 10%, cut back your usage 15% or even 20%.
A little motivation to save on your utilities is the fact that the higher your bill is, the more taxes you pay.
Take a look at your Light bill and see who all have their hands in your pocket
So, do you want a tax brake, lower your utility bill.
If you pay water bill, in some areas your sewer bill is determined by how much water you use. So, when you wash your car or water your lawn or garden your sewer bill goes up even though the water is not going down the sewer. They too will also talk out the side of their mouths touting saving you money by offering sometimes even free shower head and faucet aerators. At the same time, doing everything they can to raise your rates.
Support local organizations that hold car washes i.e. girl/boy scouts, school bands/choirs and other non profit organizations.
Use rain barrels to catch water for your garden and feed your animals. A friend of mine even use rain water to flush his commode.
Do you want a tax brake, lower your water and sewer bill.
I would mention how to make the price of gas go down but the last time we did that, everyone went out the day before the boycott and filled up their tanks and the stations closed on that day and gave the employees two days paid vacation. The price of gas didn’t go down and it was considered a miserable failure.
So, I can only say…..
1. Yes, keep your tires inflated to recommended PSI, Thanks Barack.
2. Combine trips to the store.
3. Keep your car properly tuned.
4. Avoid sudden stops and accelerations.
5. Operate vehicle smoothly, don’t get into a position battle with the car beside you.
6. Take the extra load out of your vehicle. i.e. golf clubs, luggauge and junk.
If your vehicle holds more than 15 gallons, don’t buy more than 10 gallon at a time, All the extra weight causes you to get less gas milage, especially driving around town. If there were no state and federal gas tax, gas would be half the price it is now. Did you know for instance in Washington state Owners of LP Gas vehicles pay an annual fee of 37.50 to make up for the taxes loss by not buying gasoline. There is pending legislation for electric vehicle owners to pay $200-$300 annual fee in addition to tab fees.
Do you want a tax brake, lower your gas bill.
Do you use your cell phone more than your home phone (land line)? You might consider disconnecting your home phone. You would be be surprise that how many people do not have a home phone. There is a utility tax for your home phone service.
Look at you phone bill and see who all have their hands in your pocket.
Want a tax brake, discontinue your land line (home phone) service.
I’m saving this one for last because I know how hard it will be. You might want to chip away at your cable bill. Discontinue some premium channels.
Your internet, if you call your company to discontinue you internet, you may be introduced to a GREAT deal for continued service. Sometimes this works and sometime they will attempt call your bluff. You may have to discontinue for a few months (frown) then call up on one of those deals you get in the mail or see on tv.
Want a tax brake, lower your internet bill.
You are on your own, nobody is going to give you a tax brake. You have to give your self a tax brake.
Brake….stop, discontinue, halt. To be slowed or stopped.
So put the brakes on your taxes.
Start cutting your taxes today!!!
To Be continued………
Here is a link to an idea that will save you money. If you try it, let me know how it works out for you.
1. James Edwin Campbell, poet, editor, short story writer and educator.
2. Plummer Bernard P.B. Young Sr., Publisher of the Norfolk Journal and Guide, was dedicated to the idea that Black-owned newspapers should play a crusading role in the lives of their readers. Young was born in 1884 in Littleton, N.C. He learned the newspaper business from his father, Winfield Young, who published a small newspaper in their hometown. Young attended Saint Augustine’s College in Raleigh, N.C., from 1903 to 1905. He moved to Norfolk, Va., in 1907 to work for a fraternal order publication called the Lodge Journal and Guide. As a reporter and then editor, he doubled the publication’s circulation. In 1910, he bought the publication, renaming it the Norfolk Journal and Guide, and began transforming it into a Southern powerhouse. By the beginning of World War II, it was the largest Black-owned newspaper in the South with a circulation exceeding 100,000. It also was the only African-American paper in the South to have a national edition. Under Young’s leadership, the Journal and Guide crusaded against lynching; mobilized African Americans to vote; pressed for integration of the military; and editorialized against the northern migration of Southern Blacks. During the 1930s, the paper sent reporters to cover the sensational trials of the Scottsboro Boys, nine African-American youths falsely accused of raping white girls.
Young’s view of the role of the Black press was crystallized when he offered to draft a code of journalistic guidelines for the National Newspaper Publishers Association in 1944. Young’s ”Credo of the Negro Press,” in part, states: ”I shall CRUSADE for all things that are right and just and I will, with equal fervor, expose and condemn all things that are unjust. I shall be a crusader but will not permit my fervor nor the rightness of my cause to provoke abandonment of the cardinals of journalism, accuracy, fairness and objectivity.”
3. William J. Powell, earned an engineering degree from the University of Illinois. In 1917 he enlisted in officer training school and served in a segregated unit during World War I. After the war Powell opened service stations in Chicago. He became interested in aviation, but the only school that would train him was located in Los Angeles. Thus, he sold his businesses in Chicago and moved to the West Coast. After learning to fly, Powell dreamed of opening an all-black flight school.
After the war Powell opened service stations in Chicago. He became interested in aviation, but the only school that would train him was located in Los Angeles. Thus, he sold his businesses in Chicago and moved to the West Coast. After learning to fly, Powell dreamed of opening an all-black flight school. Which he finally did, the Bessie Coleman Flying School.
By the 1930s Los Angeles had become an important center for black aviation. Powell organized the Bessie Coleman Aero Club to promote aviation awareness in the black community. On Labor Day 1931, the flying club sponsored the first all-black air show held in the United States, an event that attracted an estimated 15,000 spectators. Through the efforts of the Bessie Coleman School, the number of black aviators increased dramatically despite the economic hardships of the Great Depression.
Powell used many methods to attract African Americans to the field of aviation. He made a film about a young man who wanted to be a flyer, and for two years he published the Craftsmen Aero-News, a monthly journal about black aviation. He offered scholarships with free technical training in aeronautics for black youth. He invited celebrities, such as jazz musician Duke Ellington and boxer Joe Louis, to lend their names—and their funds—to his cause.
Powell published Black Wings in 1934. Dedicated to Bessie Coleman, the book entreated black men and women “to fill the air with black wings.” A visionary supporter of aviation, Powell urged black youth to carve out their own destiny—to become pilots, aircraft designers, and business leaders in the field of aviation.
4. Nathan Mossell, Physician, In 1888 he was elected to membership in the Philadelphia County Medical Society, the first Black physician to be so honored. In August 1895, he was the leading figure in the founding of the Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School. He served as chief-of-staff and medical director there until his retirement in 1933.
5. Alex Rodriguez, Major League Baseball third baseman for the New York Yankees. Known popularly by his nickname A-Rod, He previously played shortstop for the Seattle Mariners and the Texas Rangers.
6. Harvey Fuqua, rhythm and blues singer, songwriter, record producer, and record label executive. Fuqua founded the R&B/doo-wop group the Moonglows in the 1950s. He was one of the key figures in the development of the Motown label in Detroit, Michigan: his group gave Marvin Gaye’s musical career a start, and Fuqua and his wife at the time, Gwen Gordy, distributed the very first Motown hit single, Barrett Strong’s “Money (That’s What I Want)”, on their record label, Anna Records. Fuqua later sold Anna Records to Gwen’s brother Berry Gordy, and became a songwriter and executive at Motown.
7. Woodie King, Jr., essayist, short-story writer, anthologist, dramatist, scriptwriter for film and television, producer, director, actor, and contributor to the Black Arts movement. is a renowned African-American director and producer of stage and screen, as well as the founding director of the New Federal Theater in New York.
8. Roger G. Smith, writer, director, and actor.Smith received an Obie Award for his signature solo performance in A Huey P. Newton Story on stage. In film, Smith has had a successful collaboration with Spike Lee on several works. He has appeared in films such as School Daze, Do The Right Thing, Malcolm X, Get On The Bus, Eve’s Bayou, He Got Game, and Summer of Sam. During the 1990s he had a recurring role on A Different World and Homicide: Life on the Street. In addition to his performances in major studio productions, Smith continues to work in and support independent film projects.