1. In 1847, Dred Scott, a slave, filed suit in the St. Louis Circuit Court claiming that his temporary residence in a free territory should have made him a free man. Scott would lose the case.
2. In 1874, H. Pickett received Patent for Scaffold
3. In 1881, Henry Highland Garnet, former abolitionist leader and Presbyterian minister, named minister to Liberia. He died in Monrovia shortly after his arrival.
4. In 1906, John Hope became the first Black president of Morehouse College.
5. In 1908, Allensworth, California is founded. This was the first and only all-Black town in California’s history.
6. In 1949, J. Saunders Redding appointed visiting profeessor of English at Brown University
7. In 1949, William A. Hinton appointed bacteriology an immunology professor at Harvard University
8. In 1958, Supreme Court reversed decision of lower court which had confirmed $100,000 contempt fine imposed by Alabama on NAACP for refusing to divulge membership.
9. In 1960, Zaire proclaimed independent.
10. In 1967, Maj. Robert H. Lawrence Jr. named first Black astronaut. He was killed during a training flight on December 8, 1967.
11. In 1971, The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) was founded as a legal activist center in the fight for justice and tolerance.
12. In 1974, A Black man shot and killed Mrs. Martin Luther King Sr. (Mrs. Alberta Williams King, the mother of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,) and deacon Edward Boykin during church services at Ebenezer Baptist Church, Atlanta. The assailant, Marcus Chennault of Dayton, Ohio, was later convicted and sentenced to death.
13. In 1978, Larry Doby became manager of the Chicago White Sox