1. In 1884, John R. Lynch, former congressman from Mississippi, elected temporary chairman of Republican convention and became first Black to preside over deliberations of a national political party.
2. In 1885, Samuel David Ferguson consecrated bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church and named bishop of Liberia. He was the first Black American with full membership in the House of Bishops.
3. In 1896, Booker T. Washington is the first African American to receive an honorary Master of Arts degree from Harvard University.
4. In 1898, American troops, including Tenth Cavalry, drove Spanish forces from entrenched positions at La Guasimas, Cuba.
5. In 1933, The Apollo Theater Opens. Located at 253 West 125th Street in central Harlem, New York City, The Apollo Theater was the most important venue in Black show business from the 1930s through the 1970s, when waning popularity caused it financial problems. Its declaration as a national historic landmark in 1983 secured the building’s survival, but efforts to make it a viable performance house throughout the 1980s failed. The theater was taken on by a nonprofit organization in 1991, which intended to make the theater a significant part of Harlem’s 125th street renewal.
6. In 1936, Mary McLeod Bethune, founder-president of Bethune-Cookman College, named director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. She was the first Black woman to receive a major appointment from the federal government. She educator held the post until January 1, 1944.
7. In 1949, “Billboard Magazine” replaces the term ‘Race Record’ on its record charts with ‘Rhythm & Blues’.
8. In 1968, Joe Frazier TKOs Manda Ramos for the world heavyweight boxing title.
9. In 1968, Resurrection City closed. More than one hundred residents were arrested when they refused to leave site. Other residents, including Ralph Abernathy, were arrested during demonstration at Capitol. National Guard was mobilized later in the day to stop disturbances.
10. In 1972, The rules committee of the Democratic National Convention approved the nomination of Yvonne Brathwaite Burke as co-chair person of the convention.
11. In 1974, Boston’s National Center for Afro-American Artists becomes the first African American cultural center to be awarded a Ford Foundation grant.
12. In 1996, A jury orders the city of Philadelphia to pay $1.5 million in damages for the bombing of MOVE headquarters in 1985 that killed 11 people.