1. In 1868, Congress readmitted the state of Arkansas on condition that it would never change its constitution to disenfranchise Blacks.
2. In 1937, Joe Louis defeated James J. Braddock for heavyweight boxing Championship.
3. In 1938, Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in a rematch of an earlier fight that Louis had lost. When “The Brown Bomber” avenged his loss with the German boxer, viewed as a Nazi symbol of an alleged “superior race,” the entire country celebrated, not just African-Americans. Joe Louis floored Schmeling three times, winning their much-publicized rematch at Yankee Stadium in the first round.
4. In 1943, WEB DuBois becomes first Black member of National Institute of Letters.
5. In 1949, Ezzard Charles defeated Jersey Joe Walcott for the World heavy weight championship.
6. In 1963, “Fingertips – Pt 2” by Little Stevie Wonder is released. It becomes Wonder’s first number one single on August 10th. Stevie Wonder will have 46 hits on the pop and Rhythm & Blues music charts between 1963 and 1987. Eight of those hits will make it to number one.
7. In 1965, Arthur Ashe leads UCLA to NCAA tennis championship
8. In 1970, Richard Nixon signed bill extending Voting Rights Act of 1965 to 1975.
9. In 1989, The government of Angola and the anti-Communist rebels of the UNITA movement agree to a formal truce in their 14-year-old civil war.
10. In 1990, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, speaking before the United Nations, states that a democratic, nonracial South Africa is “within our grasp.”
11. In 1991, “Kaleidoscope”, an exhibit of the work of over 30 African American photographers, opens at the Anacostia Museum in Washington, DC. Among those exhibited are masters Addison Scurlock and Robert Scurlock as well as contemporary photographers Matthew Lewis, Sam Yette, Sharon Farmer, and Brian Jones.
12. In 2009, President Obama signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act