1. In 1821, African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church formally organized at meeting in New York City.
2. In 1832, Joseph Haynes Rainey, first African American representative in the U.S. House of Representatives where he will serve five terms, born
3. In 1915, U.S. Supreme Court (Guinn v United States) said “grandfather clauses” in the Oklahoma and Maryland constitutions violated the Fifteenth Amendment.
4. In 1923, Marcus Garvey is sentenced by the U.S. government to 5 years in prison for using the U.S. mail to defraud. He is railroaded by a government that is terrified by the control that one magnificent orator had over African Americans. They did not want their major source of cheap labor in America to leave for Africa.
5. In 1923, Marcus Garvey sentenced to five years in prison after his conviction on charges of using the mail to defraud. Garvey said the charges were political.
6. In 1945, 1945 – Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African American to command a U.S. Army Air Force base when he takes command of the 477th Composite Group of Godman Field in Kentucky.
7. In 1964, Three young civil rights workers, James Chaney, 21, Andrew Goodman, 20, and Michael Schwerner, 24 were murdered near Philadelphia, in Nashoba County, Mississippi. They had been working to register black voters in Mississippi during Freedom Summer and was investigating the burning of a black church. It was later proven that there was a conspiracy between members of Neshoba County’s law enforcement and the Ku Klux Klan to kill them.
8. In 1965, Arthur Ashe leads UCLA to the NCAA tennis championship.
9. In 1990, Little Richard gets a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame.
10. In 1997, Patrice Rushen receives an NAACP Lifetime Achievement Award for her contributions in the field of music.