1. In 1864, Infamous duel between the USS Kearsage and the CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France, a brave Black sailor, Joachim Pease, displayed “marked coolness” and won a Congressional Medal of Honor. The CSS Alabama was sunk.
2. In 1865, Although the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, slavery continued in Texas until June 19, 1865, when word reached Galveston, Texas that all slaves in Texas were free. One third of the people in Texas were slaves at that time. Juneteenth was celebrated annually with picnics and barbecues at public emancipation grounds, some of which are used to this day. Juneteenth became a legal state holiday in 1980.
3. In 1912, Tennessee State University (TSU) opened its doors of higher learning. TSU is one of over 100 Historically Black Colleges and Universities in America.
4. In 1964, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is approved by the Senate, 73-27, after surviving an 83-day filibuster.
5. In 1965, “I Can’t Help Myself” by the Four Tops tops the pop and Rhythm & Blues charts.
6. In 1968, Fifty thousand demonstrators participate in Solidarity Day March of the Poor People’s Campaign. Marchers walk from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Monument, where they are addressed by Vice President Hubert Humphrey, presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy, Coretta Scott King and Ralph Abernathy.
7. In 1988, America’s Black Holocaust Museum (ABHM) opened its doors in Milwaukee, WI. ABHM exists to educate the public about injustices suffered by people of African American heritage, while providing visitors with an opportunity to rethink their assumptions about race and racism. ABHM’s educational focus serves as a center for education related to the Black Holocaust and as a non-threatening forum for sharing thoughts about race and racism in America.