1. In 1790, Jean Baptist Pointe Desable, becomes the first permanent resident and thus founder of Chicago.
2. In 1831, Second national Black convention met in Philadelphia. There were fifteen delegates from five states.
3. In 1863, The Battle of Milken’s Bend, In this battle a Negro soldier takes his former master prisoner.
4. In 1869, Dillard University was founded. Dillard is one of over 100 Historically Black Colleges and Universities in America.
5. In 1899, J. Ricks Received Patent for Overshoes for Horses
6. In 1935, Jesse Owens is elected Captain of the 1936 track team at Ohio State University. He is the first African American to hold such position on any Ohio State Team.
7. In 1944, The 320th Negro Anti-Aircraft Barrage Balloon Battalion assists in the D-Day invasion in Normandy, France.
8. In 1966, James Meredith is wounded by a white sniper, as he walked along U.S. Highway 51 near Hernando, Mississippi, on the second day of the Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi, voter registration march. Meanwhile, Stokely Carmichael, using his newly adopted name of Kwame’ Toure, launches the Black Power movement. Toure will say that the use of the term is not anti-white, but a phrase to denote a political strategy.
9. In 1966, Stokely Carmichael launched (Black Power) movement.
10. In 1973, Barry White is awarded a gold record for “I’m Gonna Love You Just a Little More Baby”. It is his first hit and his first of five, number one, million sellers. White will begin recording in 1960. He will form the group, Love Unlimited, in 1969 and marry one of the group’s singers, Glodean James. He will also form the 40-piece Love Unlimited Orchestra which will have the number one hit, “Love’s Theme.”
11. In 1977, Joseph Lawson Howze is installed as bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Biloxi, Mississippi. He becomes the first African American to head a U.S. diocese in the Catholic Church in the twentieth century.
12 In 1987, Mae C. Jemison, M.D. was chosen by NASA to begin training as a space shuttle astronaut.
13. In 2004, Phylicia Rashad made the theatrical history. She received the prize for her portrayal of Lena Younger, the tough-minded matriarch in a revival of “A Raisin in the Sun.”