Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.

In 1854, Anthony Burns, celebrated fugitive slave, arrested by United States Deputy marshals in Boston. Two thousand United States troops escorted him through the streets of Boston then he was returned to the South.

In 1854, Lincoln University, Penn, the first Black college in the US founded.

In 1856, The Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas. A pro-slavery settlement in Franklin County was attacked by an anti-slavery group led by John Brown.

In 1861, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler declared slaves “contraband of war.”

In 1864, Two regiments, the First and Tenth U.S. Colored Troops, repulse an attack by rebel General Fitzhugh Lee at Wilson’s Wharf Landing, on the banks of the James River.

In 1881, James Wormley Received Patent for Lifesaving Apparatus

In 1881, Paul Quinn College is chartered in the State of Texas.

In 1887, Elijah McCoy Received Patent for Lubricator for Safety Valves, Patent No. 363,529

In 1910, Walter M. Hard, a young black barber, invented a device which improves trolley car service enormously. Hard’s device, which he has patented, makes it almost impossible for the electrical contact on top of a car to slip off the overhead wire.

In 1916, The Lincoln Motion Picture Company founded, the first movie company controlled by Black filmmakers.

In 1921, Julian Hubert received Patent for Airplane Safety Device

In 1951, Segregation in Washington, DC, restaurants is ruled illegal by the Municipal Court of Appeals.

In 1954, Peter Marshall Murray is installed as president of the New York County Medical Society. He is the first African American physician to head an AMA affiliate.

In 1955, The first integrated American casino, the Moulin Rouge, opened in Las Vegas.

In 1961, Twenty-seven Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi.

In 1966, Colin Luther Powell Promoted to the rank of Major

In 1966, Leontyne Price opens The Metropolitan Opera Season

In 1983, Jesse L. Jackson becomes the first African American to address a joint session of a state legislature in the 20th century, when he talks to the Alabama legislature.

In 1984, Ralph Sampson of the Houston Rockets becomes the first unanimous choice for NBA Rookie of the Year since Lew Alcindor (Kareem Abdul-Jabar) of the Los Angeles Lakers in 1970.

In 1991, Hal McRae is named manager of the Kansas City Royals. He will become one of two African American managers serving in major league baseball.

In 1993, Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after a 30-year civil war.

In 2000, Isiah Thomas and Bob McAdoo are elected to be enshrined in the 2000 class of the Basketball Hall of Fame.

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