1. In 1848 – Slavery is abolished on the French island of Martinique. Abolition will create a shortage of labor in Martinique given many former slaves preferred not to work in the sugar cane plantations. To solve the problem, indentured servants will be brought from China and India.
2. In 1863 The War Department establishes the Bureau of Colored Troops and launches an aggressive campaign for the recruitment of African American soldiers.
3. In 1894 S. Newson Received Patent for Oil heater or cooker
4. In 1959 Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African American major general in the U.S. Air Force. In doing so, he improves upon the accomplishment of his father, Davis Sr., who was the first African American general in the U.S. Army.
5. In 1961 Ernie K-Doe, Ernest Kador Jr., joins the growing list of “One Hit Wonders” — recording artists who had only one hit. The song, “Mother-In-Law”, is Ernie’s one hit — and a number one tune on the nation’s pop music charts.
6. In 1961 The Attorney General orders two hundred additional U.S. Marshals to Montgomery, Alabama. This is in addition to the four hundred U.S. marshals already dispatched to Montgomery to keep order in the Freedom Rider controversy.
7. In 1966 Bill Cosby became first black to receive an Emmy Award. It was for best actor in a television series. (I Spy).
8. In 1994 A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti, led by the United States, goes into effect to punish Haiti’s military rulers for not reinstating the country’s ousted elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
9. In 2009 President Obama signed the Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility, and Disclosure Act of 2009
10. In 2009 President Obama signed the Weapons Systems Acquisition Reform Act