In 1833, Oberlin College is founded in Ohio “to train teachers and other Christian leaders for the boundless most desolate fields in the West.” After almost going bankrupt in 1835, Oberlin will become one of the first colleges in the United States to admit African Americans.
In 1862, Mary Patterson becomes the first black woman in the U.S. to earn an M.A degree- when this is awarded by Oberlin College
In 1881, Blanche Kelso Bruce was a US Senator from Mississippi; the first black man to serve a full term in the senate, and the first person born into slavery to preside over the senate.
In 1895, W. B. Purvis Received Patent for Magnetic car balancing device
In 1917, Leo Pinckney, the first American drafted during World War I.
In 1955, After being introduced to Leonard Chess, by bluesman Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry goes into a recording session for Chess Records, performing a restyled version of his song “Ida Red”. What comes out of that hot session is Ida Red’s new name and Chuck Berry’s first hit, “Maybellene”. “Maybellene” top the Rhythm & Blues charts at #1, and the pop charts at #5.
In 1964, Elder Garnet Hawkins, Clergyman was elected by the 176th General Assembly and became the first Black moderator of the United Presbyterian Church
In 1973, The sensual, “Pillow Talk”, by Sylvia (Sylvia Vanderpool), earns a gold record. The artist first recorded with Hot Lips Page for Columbia Records back in 1950 and was known as Little Sylvia. She was also half of the singing duo Mickey & Sylvia, who recorded “Love Is Strange” in 1957. “Pillow Talk” is her only solo major hit and will make it to number three on the pop music charts.
In 1975, Lowell W. Perry Confirmed as chairman of the Equal Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
In 1985, Marvin Gaye’s last album is released. “Dream of a Lifetime” features songs that critics consider too offensive such as the controversial, pop version of “The Lord’s Prayer”. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987.