1. In 1704 Elias Neau (a white man) founded a school for slaves in New York.
2. In 1862 Congress passed the Homestead Act. This legislation gave authorized unrestricted settlement on public lands to settlers, requiring only residence, cultivation, and some improvement to a tract of 160 acres. Any person who was head of a family or was age 21, a United States citizen, and owned less than 160 acres, was eligible.
3. In 1868 Blacks served for the first time as presidential electors. Robert Meacham was a presidential elector in Florida.
4. In 1868 Republican National Convention, meeting in Chicago, nominated U.S. Grant for the presidency. Convention marked the national debut of Black politicians. P.B.S. Pinchback of Louisiana and James J. Harris were delegates to the convention. Harris was named to the committee which informed Grant of his nomination.
5. In 1868 The South Carolina electoral ticket included three Black Republican leaders, B.F. Randolph, Stephen A. Swails, and Alonzo J. Ransier. Robert N. C. Nix elected to Congress.
6. In 1884 L. Blue received Patent for Hand corn shelling device
7. In 1918 Dunbar Hospital in Detroit, MI, was founded.
8. In 1951 The New York branch of the NAACP honors Josephine Baker for her work to combat racism. Baker, the American chanteuse who was acclaimed in Europe, had led a personal crusade to force integration of clubs where she appeared in Miami and Las Vegas. She also campaigned against segregated railroad facilities in Chicago and buses in Oakland.
9. In 1961 Mob attacked Freedom Riders in Montgomery. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy dispatched four hundred U.S. marshals to Montgomery to keep order in Freedom Rider controversy.
10. In 1964 Buster Mathis defeats Joe Frazier to qualify for the U.S. Olympic team.
11. In 1971 Pentagon report said Blacks constituted 11 per cent of U.S. soldiers in Southeast Asia. The report said 12.5 per cent of all soldiers killed in Vietnam since 1961 were Black.
12. In 1985 Larry Holmes retains the heavyweight boxing title of the International Boxing Federation in Reno, Nevada by defeating Carl Wilson in 15 rounds. The fight marks the first heavyweight title fight in Reno since Jack Johnson and Jim Jeffries fought there in 1910.
13. In 2009 President Obama signed the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act
14. In 2009 President Obama signed the Helping Families Save Their Homes Act