1. In 1652, Rhode Island enacts the first colonial law limiting slavery. This law, passed by the General Court of Election, regulates Black servitude and places Blacks on the same level as white bondservants. This means they were free after completing their term of service of ten years.
2. In 1880, George Lewis wins the sixth running of the Kentucky Derby astride Fonso. He is one of ten African Americans to win the Kentucky Derby in the years between 1877 and 1902.
3. In 1896, The United States Supreme Court decision Plessy vs. Ferguson upheld the Doctrine of “Separate but equal” and began the age of Jim Crow
4. In 1935, On this date we celebrate the Federal Writers Project (FWP). FWP was an extension of the New Deal’s Works Project Administration (WPA) that gave employment between 1935 and 1939 to about 4,500 American writers, 106 of these were African-Americans.
5. In 1971, President Nixon rejected the sixty demands of the Congressional Black Caucus, saying his administration would continue to support “jobs, income and tangible benefits, the pledges that this society has made to the disadvantaged in the past decade.” The caucus expressed deep disappointment with the reply and said the Nixon administration ” lacked a sense of understanding, urgency and commitment in dealing with the critical problems facing Black Americans.”