1. In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation; ordering that all slaves in rebel territory be freed.
2. In 1875 The first Kentucky Derby is won by African American jockey Oliver Lewis riding the horse Aristides. 14 of the 15 jockeys in the race are African Americans.
3. In 1881 Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for District of Columbia.
4. In 1887 D. W. Shorter Received Patent for Feed Rack
5. In 1954 The Supreme Court outlaws school segregation in Brown v. Board of Education. The ruling is a major victory for the NAACP, led by Thurgood Marshall of the Legal Defense Fund, and other civil rights groups. The rulings declares that racially segregated schools were inherently unequal.
6. In 1969 A commemorative stamp of W.C. Handy, “Father of the Blues,” is issued by the U.S. Postal Service, making Handy the first African American blues musician honored on a postage stamp.
7. In 1969 Rev. Thomas Kilgore, a Los Angeles pastor, is elected president of the predominantly white American Baptist Convention.
8. In 1970 Hank Aaron becomes the ninth baseball player to get 3,000 hits.
9. In 1987 Eric “Sleepy” Floyd of the Golden State Warriors sets a playoff record for points in a single quarter. He pours in 29 points in the fourth period in a game this night against Pat Riley’s Los Angeles Lakers.
10. In 1988 Dr. Patricia E. Bath of Los Angeles, a renowned ophthalmologist, patented (1988) an apparatus that efficiently removes cataracts by using laser technology.