1. In 1700, William Penn began monthly meetings for Blacks advocating emancipation.
2. In 1800, On this date in 1800, Jean Baptiste Pointe DuSable, frontier trader, fur trapper, farmer, businessman and “father” of Chicago sold all his property for $1,200 and left the area.
3. In 1867, Black demonstrators staged ride-in to protest segregation on New Orleans streetcars. Similar demonstrations occurred in Mobile, Ala., and other cities.
4. In 1875, The founding of the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (A&M) in 1875 is celebrated on this date. Alabama A&M University is one of over 100 historically black colleges and universities in America. Alabama A&M of Huntsville is a land-grant university supported by state and federal funds. Its first president, Dr. William Hooper Councill, an ex-slave, established this university. Opened with an appropriation of $1,000 per year and an enrollment of 61 pupils and two teachers.
5. In 1878, J. R. Winters Received Patent for the Fire Escape Ladder
6. In 1885, Dr. John E. W. Thompson, graduate of the Yale University Medical School, named minister to Haiti.
7. In 1885, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Apparatus for transmission of messages by electricity (Telegraph)
8. In 1941, “Natural Man,” a play by Theodore Browne, premieres in New York City. It is a production of the American Negro Theatre, founded by Abram Hill and Frederick O’Neal.
9. In 1943, The Liberty Ship George Washington Carver launched.
10. In 1945, Baseball owner Branch Rickey announces the organization of the United States Negro Baseball League, consisting of six teams.
11. In 1946, William Hastie is inaugurated as the first African American governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands.
12. In 1959, 93,103 fans pack the Los Angeles Coliseum for an exhibition game between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the New York Yankees. It is “Roy Campanella Night.” The star catcher for the Dodgers, paralyzed in an automobile accident, is honored for his contributions to the team for many years. “Campie” will continue to serve in various capacities with the Dodger organization for many years.
13. In 2000, Marlon St. Julien was the first Black jockey since 1921 to ride in the world’s most famous horse race. St. Julien rode Curule, a 50-to-1 long shot who earned a spot in the 19-horse field when another horse, Harlan Traveler, pulled out.