1. In 1787, Prince Hall forms African Lodge 459, the first African American Masonic Lodge in the United States.
2. In 1794, Haiti, under Toussaint L’Ouverture, revolts against France.
3. In 1905, Robert S. Abbott published first issue of the Chicago Defender
4. In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African-American awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry, “Annie Allen.”
5. In 1957, Dred Scott decision handed down.
6. In 1960, The Civil Rights Act of 1960 is signed by President Eisenhower. The act acknowledges the federal government’s responsibility in matters involving civil rights and reverses its customary “hands-off” policy.
7. In 1967, Four hundred students seize the administration building at Cheyney State College.
8. In 1969, Moneta Sleet win Pulitzer Prize for his photograph of Mrs. Martin Luther King, Jr. and her daughter at her husband’s funeral.
9. In 2005, Lena Baker, was pardoned posthumously for a murder. In 1944, Baker was sentenced to death in Randolph County for murder. She is the only woman ever put to death in Georgia’s electric chair. Baker had been a maid in the household of white employer E. B. Knight. She allegedly killed Knight because he threatened her at a Cuthbert Grist mill. An all-white jury convicted her in a one-day trial.